The John W. Hutchins Machine Translation Archive

Electronic repository and bibliography of articles, books and papers on topics

in machine translation, computer translation systems,

and computer-based translation tools


Latest update: 10 March 2017 (archived)



This archive was compiled by the late John Hutchins (1939–2021: obituary, Wikipedia page) for the European Association for Machine Translation on behalf of the International Association for Machine Translation. What you see is an archived version of John Hutchins' work.


The archive aims to cover English-language publications comprehensively from 1980 to 2014; papers and books of earlier years (before 1980) are being added in order to provide substantial coverage from the beginnings of MT until 1980. (See list of recent additions, and list of conferences included.)

Previous versions of the Archive (up to 2014) included papers selectively from conferences not exclusively devoted to MT (see list); since 2014 these are no longer included as the majority are covered by the ACL Anthology.

For general information about the archive, coverage, arrangement, copyright, citation, etc., see the introduction. The full texts of the great majority of publications are located on this website; however, the archive also lists a few publications not available for copyright reasons.

Publications are listed in the following indexes:



                                              Organizations and affiliations

                                               Methodologies, techniques, applications, uses

                                               Languages and language pairs    

                                               Systems and project names

                                               Keyword index of titles

Other indexes:

                                                     Conferences and workshops contents lists


                           Books on MT

                           Bibliographical resources

                           Links to other databases and websites


Note: Since June 2014 additions to the Archive had been delayed for health reasons.


Comments, additions, suggestions, etc. to the webmaster of, via: mtarchive ["at"] eamt ["dot"] org
Machine Translation Archive is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.