Machine Translation Archive

 

Index to aids and tools for translators and MT developers

 

Publications 1970-1989

 

For other periods go here: Publications since 2010; publications 2005-2009; publications 2000-2004; publications 1990-1999; publications before 1970

 

Authoring

(1987) Jeffrey S.Mann: Get Smart! Industrial strength language processing from Smart Communications.  Language Technology 3, September-October 1987; pp.12-15. [PDF, 1411KB]

Collaboration

(1987) Mahmoud Esmail Sieny: Pan-Arab and international cooperation in technical terminology. Translating and Mthe Computer 9: potential and practice, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 12-13 November 1987, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1988); pp.167-179. [PDF, 54KB]

 (1987) Jean-Marie Timmermans: The Conference of Translation Services of West European States. Translating and the Computer 9: potential and practice, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 12-13 November 1987, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1988); pp.180-185. [PDF, 28KB]

(1986) Jacqueline Guazzo-Jansen: Dictionary coordination. (World Systran Conference, 11-14 February 1986; Commisssion des Communautés Européennes, Luxembourg). Terminologie et Traduction, 1, 1986; pp.152-172. [PDF, 74KB]

(1981) M. King: EUROTRA: an attempt to achieve multilingual MT. Practical experience of machine translation. Proceedings of a conference, London, 5-6 November 1981. Ed.Veronica Lawson (Amsterdam, New York, Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1982); pp, 139-147. [PDF, 35KB]

(1977) Christian Boitet: Where does GETA stand at the beginning of 1977?  Overcoming the language barrier: third European Congress on Information Systems and Networks, Luxembourg, 3-6 May 1977, organised by the Commission of the European Communities (München: Verlag Dokumentation, 1978); vol.2, pp.88-120. [PDF, 220KB]

Dictation

(1989) Fred McKenzie: The use of computer technology to store and redistribute voice as an aid to translation services.  Translating and the Computer 11: Preparing for the next decade, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 16-17 November 1989, The Conference Forum, The Sedgwick Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1990); pp.79-83. [PDF, 28KB]

(1983) John Hayes: Doing it the other way. Tools for the Trade: Translating and the Computer 5. Proceedings of a conference… 10-11 November 1983, London Press Centre, ed. Veronica Lawson. (London: Aslib, 1985); pp.37-56 [PDF, 48KB]

(1980) Robert Clark: Machine aids: a small user’s reactions. Machine aids for translators: Aslib Technical Translation Group conference and exhibition, London, 20 November 1980 (Aslib Proceedings 33 (7/8), July/August 1981); pp.278-289. [PDF, 194KB]

Human translation and MT

(1989) M. Kay: Machines and people in translation. In: Makoto Nagao (ed.) Machine translation summit (Tokyo: Ohmsha, 1989), pp. 26-27. [PDF, 86KB] 

(1989) M. Kay: Concluding remarks 2 [at Machine Translation Summit, 1987]. In: Makoto Nagao (ed.) Machine translation summit (Tokyo: Ohmsha, 1989), pp. 192-196 [PDF, 105KB]

(1989) Makoto Nagao: Japanese view of the future of machine translation. MT Summit II, August 16-18, 1989, Munich, Germany [Frankfurt a.M.: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Dokumentations e.V.]; 2nd ed.: pp.123-140. [PDF, 212KB]

(1989) Loll Rolling: Concluding remarks 1 [at Machine Translation Summit, 1987]. In: Makoto Nagao (ed.) Machine translation summit (Tokyo: Ohmsha, 1989), pp. 187-191 [PDF, 121KB]

(1988) Geoffrey Kingscott: Session 4: summary of the discussion.  Translating and the Computer 10:The translation environment 10 years on, ed. Pamela Mayorcas. Proceedings of a conference… 10-11 November 1988, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1990); pp.161-164. [PDF, 21KB]

(1988) Claude Piron: Learning from translation mistakes. In: Dan Maxwell, Klaus Schubert & Toon Witkam (eds.) New directions in machine translation. Conference proceedings, Budapest 18-19 August, 1988; pp.233-242.

(1987) Alan Melby: On human-machine interaction in translation.  In: Sergei Nirenburg (ed.) Machine translation: theoretical and methodological issues (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987); pp.145-154

(1986) Kenneth R. Beesley: Machine-assisted translation with a human face. Data Processing vol.28, no.5, June 1986; pp.251-257. [PDF, 325KB]

(1986) Veronica Lawson: Changing attitudes in the translation market. (World Systran Conference, 11-14 February 1986; Commisssion des Communautés Européennes, Luxembourg). Terminologie et Traduction, 1, 1986; pp.65-67. [PDF, 13KB]

(1986) David Smith: Translation practice in Europe.  Translating and the Computer 8: a profession on the move, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 13-14 November 1986, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1987); pp.74-82. [PDF, 40KB]

(1985) Rod Johnson & Pete Whitelock: Machine translation as an expert task.  Proceedings of the Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Languages, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York, August 14-16, 1985 [TMI-1985]; pp. 145-153. [PDF, 138KB]

(1985) Alan K.Melby: Machine translation vs. translator aids: a false dichotomy. In: Stephanie Williams (ed.) Humans and machines (Delaware Symposium on Language Studies 4, October 1982), Norwood N.J.: Ablex, 1985; pp.45-53. [PDF, 53KB]

 (1984) Birgit Rommel: Language or information: a new role for the translator? International Conference on Methodology and Techniques of Machine Translation: processing from words to language… Cranfield, 13-15 February 1984, Natural Language Translation Specialist Group of the British Computer Society; 9pp. [PDF, 93KB]. [Printed in: Ian D.K.Kelly (ed.) Progress in machine translation: natural language and personal computers (Wilmslow, UK: Sigma Press, 1989); pp.279-287.]

(1984) J.Richard Ruffino: Stylistic considerations of machine-assisted and human translation. ATA Chronicle 13 (5), May-June 1984; pp.17-21. [PDF, 37KB]

(1983) Alan K. Melby: Computer-assisted translation systems: the standard design and a multi-step design. First conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 1-3 February 1983, Miramar-Sheraton Hotel, Santa Monica, California, USA; pp. 174-177 [PDF, 267KB]

(1982) John H.Hayes: Is MT a threat to professional translators? Can the “little ones” survive? Is small still beautiful? Newsletter of the Translator’s Guild, vol.VII no 4, October 1982; pp.10-15. [PDF, 133KB]

(1982) Alan K.Melby: Multi-level translation aids in a distributed system.  Coling 82: proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Prague, July 5-10, 1982; edited by Ján Horecký. Amsterdam, New York, Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1982 (North-Holland Linguistics Series 47); pp. 215-220. [PDF, 380KB]

(1982) Loll Rolling: Machine translation’s big ten years, 1980 – 1990. Luxembourg: the Commission of the European Communities, May 1982; 9pp. [PDF, 43KB]

(1981) Veronica Lawson: Machine translation and people. Practical experience of machine translation. Proceedings of a conference, London, 5-6 November 1981. Ed.Veronica Lawson (Amsterdam, New York, Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1982); pp, 3-9. [PDF, 37KB]

(1981) Margaret Masterman: The limits of innovation in machine translation. Practical experience of machine translation. Proceedings of a conference, London, 5-6 November 1981. Ed.Veronica Lawson (Amsterdam, New York, Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1982); pp, 163-186. [PDF, 161KB]

(1980) P.J.Arthern: Aids unlimited: the scope for machine aids in a large organization. Machine aids for translators: Aslib Technical Translation Group conference and exhibition, London, 20 November 1980 (Aslib Proceedings 33 (7/8), July/August 1981); pp.309-319. [PDF, 192KB]

(1980) Peter J. Arthern: Machine translation – a translator’s viewpoint.  Lebende Sprachen, vol.25, no.1, pp.9-14. [PDF, 65KB]

(1980) Veronica Lawson: Introduction: help from the computer. Machine aids for translators: Aslib Technical Translation Group conference and exhibition, London, 20 November 1980 (Aslib Proceedings 33 (7/8), July/August 1981); pp.265-267. [PDF, 146KB]

(1980) Zoya M.Shalyapina: Automatic translation as a model of the human translation activity. International Forum on Information and Documentation, 1980, vol. 5 (2); 18-23. [PDF, 111KB]

(1979) John McNaught: The linguist as technologist. In: Human translation, machine translation. Papers from the 10th annual Conference on Computational Linguistics in Odense, Denmark, 22-23 November 1979; ed. Suzanne Hanon and Viggo Hjørnager Pedersen (Odense Universitet, August 1980); pp. 85-97. [PDF, 38KB]

(1978) Peter J. Arthern: Machine translation and computerized terminology systems: a translator’s viewpoint. Translating and the Computer: proceedings of a seminar, London, 14th November, 1978; ed. Barbara M.Snell (Amsterdam/New York/Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1979); pp.77-108. [PDF, 253KB]

(1978) Margaret Masterman: The essential skills to be acquired for machine translation. Translating and the Computer: proceedings of a seminar, London, 14th November, 1978; ed. Barbara M.Snell (Amsterdam/New York/Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1979); pp.159-180. [PDF, 347KB]

(1978) Barbara M.Snell: Introduction. Translating and the Computer: proceedings of a seminar, London, 14th November, 1978; ed. Barbara M.Snell (Amsterdam/New York/Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1979); pp. v-vii. [PDF, 59KB]

(1975) William N.Locke: Machine translation. In: Allen Kent, Harold Lancour, Jay E.Daisy (eds) Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, vol.16. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc., 1975; pp.414-444. [PDF, 273KB]

Optical character recognition

(1986) Peter A.Walker: The importance of word processing in the user environment. (World Systran Conference, 11-14 February 1986; Commisssion des Communautés Européennes, Luxembourg). Terminologie et Traduction, 1, 1986; pp.102-111. [PDF, 52KB]

(1985) Julie Harnett: Developments in OCR for automatic data entry.  Translating and the Computer 7, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 14-15 November 1985, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1986); pp.109-117. [PDF, 36KB]

 (1985) David Beattie & John Stowell: Session II: summary of discussion 1. Translating and the Computer 7, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 14-15 November 1985, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1986); pp.141-143. [PDF, 16KB]

(1976) Robert J.Shillman: Optical character recognition based on phenomenal attributes. In: FBIS Seminar on Machine Translation, 8-9 March 1976, Rosslyn, Virginia. American Journal of Computational Linguistics, microfiche 46; p. 59. [PDF, 64KB]

(1976) William Stallings: Machine processing of Chinese characters. In: FBIS Seminar on Machine Translation, 8-9 March 1976, Rosslyn, Virginia. American Journal of Computational Linguistics, microfiche 46; pp. 60-64 [PDF, 218KB]

Publishing for translators

(1989) J.H.Petrie: Hardware and software for desktop publishing. Translating and the Computer 11: Preparing for the next decade, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 16-17 November 1989, The Conference Forum, The Sedgwick Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1990); pp.69-74. [PDF, 29KB]

(1989) Patrick Sutton: Session 3: summary of the discussion. Translating and the Computer 11: Preparing for the next decade, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 16-17 November 1989, The Conference Forum, The Sedgwick Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1990); pp.84-87. [PDF, 23KB]

(1987) Timothy Benbow: The New Oxford English Dictionary project. Translating and the Computer 9: potential and practice, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 12-13 November 1987, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1988); pp.91-103. [PDF, 69KB]

(1987) Rainer Reisenberger: Publish and be damned! Principle and practice of desktop publishing.  Translating and the Computer 9: potential and practice, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 12-13 November 1987, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1988); pp.27-55. [PDF, 276KB]

(1982) Ken Moore: Text processing in dictionary compilation. Term banks for tomorrow’s world: Translating and the Computer 4. Proceedings of a conference… 11-12 November 1982, London Press Centre, ed. Barbara Snell. (London: Aslib, 1983); pp.134-135. [PDF, 14KB]

(1982) Christopher T.Percival: A glossary in print: the problems and rewards of producing your own glossary for sale. Term banks for tomorrow’s world: Translating and the Computer 4. Proceedings of a conference… 11-12 November 1982, London Press Centre, ed. Barbara Snell. (London: Aslib, 1983); pp.162-173. [PDF, 64KB]

(1982) Marion M.Strachan: Online or hard copy? Term banks for tomorrow’s world: Translating and the Computer 4. Proceedings of a conference… 11-12 November 1982, London Press Centre, ed. Barbara Snell. (London: Aslib, 1983); pp.127-133. [PDF, 27KB]

Tools and aids for MT/NLP developers

(1986) Kenneth R. Beesley: Machine-assisted translation with a human face. Data Processing vol.28, no.5, June 1986; pp.251-257. [PDF, 325KB]

(1986) Jun-ichi Nakamura, Jun-ichi Tsujii, & Makoto Nagao: Solutions for problems of MT parser: methods used in Mu-machine translation project. Coling ’86: 11th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 25th to 29th, 1986, University of Bonn, [Germany]. Proceedings; pp. 133-135. [PDF, 293KB]

(1985) Russell Bateman: Linguistic tools are incidental to work in machine translation. Language Monthly 21, June 1985; pp.22,24-25. [PDF, 50KB]

(1985) Alan K.Melby: Machine translation vs. translator aids: a false dichotomy. In: Stephanie Williams (ed.) Humans and machines (Delaware Symposium on Language Studies 4, October 1982), Norwood N.J.: Ablex, 1985; pp.45-53. [PDF, 53KB]

(1984) Daniel Bachut & Nelson Verastegui: Software tools for the environment of a computer aided translation system. Coling84: 10th International Conference on Computational Linguistics & 22nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 2-6 July 1984, Stanford University, California. Proceedings; pp.330-333. [PDF, 244KB]

(1984) Jun-ichi Nakamura, Jun-ichi Tsujii, & Makoto Nagao: Grammar writing system (GRADE) of Mu-machine translation project and its characteristics. Coling84: 10th International Conference on Computational Linguistics & 22nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 2-6 July 1984, Stanford University, California. Proceedings; pp.338-343. [PDF, 403KB]

(1984) Jun-ichi Nakamura & Makoto Nagao: A software system for describing a grammar of machine translation: GRADE. International Conference on Methodology and Techniques of Machine Translation: processing from words to language… Cranfield, 13-15 February 1984, Natural Language Translation Specialist Group of the British Computer Society; abstract, 2pp. [PDF, 15KB]

(1982) Ch.Boitet, P.Guillaume, & M.Quezel-Ambrunaz: Implementation and conversational environment of ARIANE 78.4: an integrated system for automated translation and human revision. Coling 82: proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Prague, July 5-10, 1982; edited by Ján Horecký. Amsterdam, New York, Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1982 (North-Holland Linguistics Series 47); pp. 19-27. [PDF, 434KB]

(1980) J.McNaught & H.L.Somers: The translator as a computer user. Quinquereme 3 (2), 1980; pp.149-163. [PDF, 64KB]

(1980) H.L.Somers & J.McNaught: The translator as a computer user. The Incorporated Linguist, vol.19, no.2, Spring 1980, p.49-53. [PDF, 128KB]

(1980) Donald E.Walker & Hans Karlgren: Computer aids in translation. Lebende Sprachen, vol.25, no.1, p.14. [PDF, 16KB]

Translating (process)

(1987) David Smith: A profile of current translation practices. Language Technology 1, May-June 1987; p.4. [PDF, 355KB]

Translation management

(1989) Shin-ya Amano, Kimihito Takeda, & Koichi Hasebe: What should a translation work bench be like? IFTT’89: Harmonizing human beings and computers in translation. International Forum for Translation Technology, April 26-28, 1989, Oiso Prince Hotel. (Japan Electronic Industry Development Association.); pp.16-18. [PDF, 43KB]

(1989) Brian Forsdick: Managing translation projects using Project Manager Workbench. Translating and the Computer 11: Preparing for the next decade, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 16-17 November 1989, The Conference Forum, The Sedgwick Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1990); pp.3-8. [PDF, 24KB]

(1989) Alan Melby: Translation support. IFTT’89: Harmonizing human beings and computers in translation. International Forum for Translation Technology, April 26-28, 1989, Oiso Prince Hotel. (Japan Electronic Industry Development Association.); pp.26-28. [PDF, 22KB]

(1989) Muriel Vasconcellos: Long-term data for an MT policy. Literary and Linguistic Computing 4 (3), 1989; pp.203-213. [PDF, 1313KB]

(1986) Jean Datta: Another approach to streamlining complex language operations. Language Monthly 33, June 1986; pp.26-27. [PDF, 127KB]

(1986) Peter A.Walker: The importance of word processing in the user environment. (World Systran Conference, 11-14 February 1986; Commisssion des Communautés Européennes, Luxembourg). Terminologie et Traduction, 1, 1986; pp.102-111. [PDF, 52KB]

(1985) D. Bachut: On the production environment proposed for the Eurotra project.  Proceedings of the Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Languages, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York, August 14-16, 1985 [TMI-1985]; pp. 15-26. [PDF, 182KB]

(1985) Wolfgang Heitmann: A user’s experience of the LOGOS machine translation system: a manger’s viewpoint.  Translating and the Computer 7, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 14-15 November 1985, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1986); pp.128-140. [PDF, 89KB]

(1982) A.R.Clarke: The scope for machine aids to translation – with a view from the sharp end.  Quinquereme 5 (1), 1982; pp.83-92. [PDF, 84KB]

Translation memory

(1988) Eiichiro Sumita & Yutaka Tsutsumi: A translation aid system using flexible text retrieval based on syntax-matching. Second International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Languages, June 12-14, 1988, Carnegie Mellon University, Center for Machine Translation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, [USA]; 14pp. [PDF, 219KB]

(1987) Poul Søren Kjærsgaard: REFTEX – a context-based translation aid. Third conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 1-3 April 1987, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; pp. 109-112. [PDF, 252KB]

(1980) P.J.Arthern: Aids unlimited: the scope for machine aids in a large organization. Machine aids for translators: Aslib Technical Translation Group conference and exhibition, London, 20 November 1980 (Aslib Proceedings 33 (7/8), July/August 1981); pp.309-319. [PDF, 192KB]

(1978) Peter J. Arthern: Machine translation and computerized terminology systems: a translator’s viewpoint. Translating and the Computer: proceedings of a seminar, London, 14th November, 1978; ed. Barbara M.Snell (Amsterdam/New York/Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1979); pp.77-108. [PDF, 253KB]

Translation profession

(1989) Ming Tsui: Expectations for MT. IFTT’89: Harmonizing human beings and computers in translation. International Forum for Translation Technology, April 26-28, 1989, Oiso Prince Hotel. (Japan Electronic Industry Development Association.); pp.45-49. [PDF, 31KB]

(1989) Muriel Vasconcellos: M(A)T in the USA. Regional Center for North America of FIT: Proceedings of the Second North American Translators Congress, Washington, D.C., 1989, ed. Jean-François Joly; pp.159-167. [PDF, 4713KB]

(1989) Japan Electronic Industry Development Association: A Japanese view of machine translation in light of the considerations and recommendations reported by ALPAC, U.S.A. JEIDA, [1989]; 20pp., lacking appendices. [PDF, 103KB]

(1988) Geoffrey Kingscott: Session 4: summary of the discussion.  Translating and the Computer 10:The translation environment 10 years on, ed. Pamela Mayorcas. Proceedings of a conference… 10-11 November 1988, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1990); pp.161-164. [PDF, 21KB]

(1987) Ulla Magnusson Murray: Are you being served? User friendliness of CAT systems. Translating and the Computer 9: potential and practice, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 12-13 November 1987, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1988); pp.80-90. [PDF, 84KB]

(1987) Jean-Marie Timmermans: The Conference of Translation Services of West European States. Translating and the Computer 9: potential and practice, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 12-13 November 1987, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1988); pp.180-185. [PDF, 28KB]

(1986) Catriona Picken: The translation profession in the United Kingdom in 1986: new developments. Translating and the Computer 8: a profession on the move, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 13-14 November 1986, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1987); pp.3-7. [PDF, 25KB]

(1986) Guyonne Proudlock: Session 3: summary of the discussion.  Translating and the Computer 8: a profession on the move, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 13-14 November 1986, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1987); pp.105-106. [PDF, 12KB]

(1986) David Smith: Translation practice in Europe.  Translating and the Computer 8: a profession on the move, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 13-14 November 1986, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1987); pp.74-82. [PDF, 40KB]

(1985) Ian Frame: Legal translators and legal translation: a personal view.  Translating and the Computer 7, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 14-15 November 1985, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1986); pp.21-35. [PDF, 65KB]

(1985) Geoffrey Kingscott: Who are the translators? The growing professionalism of translating. Translating and the Computer 7, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 14-15 November 1985, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1986); pp.3-10. [PDF, 34KB]

(1985) Pamela Mayorcas-Cohen: The translator as information user.  Translating and the Computer 7, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 14-15 November 1985, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1986); pp.61-88i. [PDF, 106KB]

(1982) John H.Hayes: Is MT a threat to professional translators? Can the “little ones” survive? Is small still beautiful? Newsletter of the Translator’s Guild, vol.VII no 4, October 1982; pp.10-15. [PDF, 133KB]

(1981) Barbara Snell: Has the human translator a future?  British Computer Society Natural Language Translation Specialist Group, Newsletter no 10, February 1981; pp.4-19. [PDF, 351KB]

(1981) Barbara Snell: The translator in the office of the future. The Incorporated Linguist 20 (4), Autumn 1981; pp.143-145. [PDF, 53KB]

Translation revision

(1988) Claude Piron: Learning from translation mistakes. In: D.Maxwell, K.Schubert, & T.Witkam (eds.) New directions in machine translation. Conference proceedings, Budapest 18-19 August, 1988 (Dordrecht: Foris, 1988); pp.233-242. [note]

(1986) P.J.Arthern: Four eyes are better than two.  Translating and the Computer 8: a profession on the move, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 13-14 November 1986, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1987); pp.14-26. [PDF, 81KB]

Translation tools and aids for translators

(1989) Nigel Cassar: Computer tools to improve the work of translators.  Translating and the Computer 11: Preparing for the next decade, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 16-17 November 1989, The Conference Forum, The Sedgwick Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1990); pp.29-38. [PDF, 95KB]

(1989) Alex Gross: A new addition to the translator’s toolbox. Language Technology/Electric Word 12, March-April 1989; pp.42-45. [PDF, 2135KB]

(1989) M. Kay: Machines and people in translation. In: Makoto Nagao (ed.) Machine translation summit (Tokyo: Ohmsha, 1989), pp. 26-27. [PDF, 86KB] 

(1989) M. Kay: Concluding remarks 2 [at Machine Translation Summit, 1987]. In: Makoto Nagao (ed.) Machine translation summit (Tokyo: Ohmsha, 1989), pp. 192-196 [PDF, 105KB]

(1989) Veronica Lawson: The tools for the job: prerequisites for effective MT utilization. IFTT’89: Harmonizing human beings and computers in translation. International Forum for Translation Technology, April 26-28, 1989, Oiso Prince Hotel. (Japan Electronic Industry Development Association.); pp.23-25. [PDF, 23KB]

(1989) Alan Melby: Translation support. IFTT’89: Harmonizing human beings and computers in translation. International Forum for Translation Technology, April 26-28, 1989, Oiso Prince Hotel. (Japan Electronic Industry Development Association.); pp.26-28. [PDF, 22KB]

(1989) Rose Sneddon: Session 2: summary of the discussion. Translating and the Computer 11: Preparing for the next decade, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 16-17 November 1989, The Conference Forum, The Sedgwick Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1990); pp.63-66. [PDF, 22KB]

(1989) Ming Tsui: Expectations for MT. IFTT’89: Harmonizing human beings and computers in translation. International Forum for Translation Technology, April 26-28, 1989, Oiso Prince Hotel. (Japan Electronic Industry Development Association.); pp.45-49. [PDF, 31KB]

(1988) Francis E.Knowles: Machine aids for translators: what does the future betoken?  Translating and the Computer 10:The translation environment 10 years on, ed. Pamela Mayorcas. Proceedings of a conference… 10-11 November 1988, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1990); pp.125-135. [PDF, 58KB]

(1988) Mark Olsen: INK text tools: bilingual glossary management for commercial and academic translators. Language Technology 6 March-April 1988; pp.22-25. [PDF, 2125KB]

(1988) Eiichiro Sumita & Yutaka Tsutsumi: A translation aid system using flexible text retrieval based on syntax-matching. Second International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Languages, June 12-14, 1988, Carnegie Mellon University, Center for Machine Translation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, [USA]; 14pp. [PDF, 219KB]

(1988) A.T.Zirkle: The role of computer-aided translation in translation services.  Translating and the Computer 10:The translation environment 10 years on, ed. Pamela Mayorcas. Proceedings of a conference… 10-11 November 1988, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1990); pp.11-17. [PDF, 30KB]

(1988) Emergence of a new machine translation company – ESC. Language Monthly 55, February 1988; pp.4-5. [PDF, 119KB]

(1987) Poul Søren Kjærsgaard: REFTEX – a context-based translation aid. Third conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 1-3 April 1987, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; pp. 109-112. [PDF, 252KB]

(1987) F. Knowles, G. Jelinek & M. McGee Wood: The Alvey Japanese and English machine translation project.  MT Summit: Machine Translation Summit.  Manuscripts & Program, September 17-19, 1987, Hakone Prince Hotel, Japan; pp. 73-78 [PDF, 101KB] [Reprint as ‘Alvey project’ in: Makoto Nagao (ed.) Machine translation summit (Tokyo: Ohmsha, 1989), pp. 45-49]

(1987) Ulla Magnusson Murray: Are you being served? User friendliness of CAT systems. Translating and the Computer 9: potential and practice, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 12-13 November 1987, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1988); pp.80-90. [PDF, 84KB]

(1987) Cay-Holger Stoll: Translation tools on PC. Translating and the Computer 9: potential and practice, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 12-13 November 1987, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1988); pp.11-26. [PDF, 71KB]

 (1987) NCR: computer-aided-translation in the real world. Language Technology 1, May-June 1987; p.18. [PDF, 890KB]

 (1986) Ian Johnston: TRANPRO – the translation processor. Language Monthly 34, July 1986; pp.26-27. [PDF, 95KB]

 (1986) Juan Sager: The integration of machine aids into the translation process: an introduction.  Translating and the Computer 8: a profession on the move, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 13-14 November 1986, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1987); pp.65-66. [PDF, 12KB]

(1986) David Smith: Translation practice in Europe.  Translating and the Computer 8: a profession on the move, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 13-14 November 1986, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1987); pp.74-82. [PDF, 40KB]

(1986) InfoARBED to distribute MERCURY. Language Monthly 34, July 1986; p.28. [PDF,                       

(1985) David Beattie & John Stowell: Session II: summary of discussion 1. Translating and the Computer 7, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 14-15 November 1985, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1986); pp.141-143. [PDF, 16KB]

(1985) Patrick Corness: The ALPS computer-assisted translation system in an academic environment. Translating and the Computer 7, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 14-15 November 1985, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1986); pp.118-127. [PDF,

(1985) Pamela Mayorcas-Cohen: The translator as information user.  Translating and the Computer 7, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 14-15 November 1985, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1986); pp.61-88i. [PDF, 106KB]

(1985) Ian M.Pigott: Machine translation as an integral part of the electronic office environment.  Translating and the Computer 7, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 14-15 November 1985, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1986); pp.144-151. [PDF, 34KB]

(1985) Benoît Thouin: Translation and information processing: a Canadian viewpoint.  Translating and the Computer 7, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 14-15 November 1985, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1986); pp.95-108. [PDF, 55KB]

(1984) Brian McCluskey, Andy Evans & Nélida Depiante: Summary of discussion (Parallel Session II: Translation aids: how modern technology is changing translation practice for the small translation unit). Translation and Communication: Translating and the Computer 6. Proceedings of a conference … 20-21 November 1984, The Waldorf Hotel, London; pp.67-71. [PDF, 22KB]

(1983) Russell Bateman: Introduction to interactive translation. Tools for the Trade: Translating and the Computer 5. Proceedings of a conference… 10-11 November 1983, London Press Centre, ed. Veronica Lawson. (London: Aslib, 1985); pp.193-197 [PDF, 21KB]

(1983) Julie Harnett: The tools for the job: an overview. Tools for the Trade: Translating and the Computer 5. Proceedings of a conference… 10-11 November 1983, London Press Centre, ed. Veronica Lawson. (London: Aslib, 1985); pp.7-13 [PDF, 57KB]

(1983) Robin Inches & Geoff Samuelsson-Brown: Aslib-TG conference “Translating and the computer 4” Term banks for tomorrow’s world. TGNL: Newsletter of the Translators’ Guild, vol.VIII no 1, January 1983; pp.7-11. [PDF, 155KB]

(1983) Alan K. Melby: Computer-assisted translation systems: the standard design and a multi-step design. First conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 1-3 February 1983, Miramar-Sheraton Hotel, Santa Monica, California, USA; pp. 174-177 [PDF, 267KB]

(1983) Henrietta B.Pons: WCC’s translation service bureau. Tools for the Trade: Translating and the Computer 5. Proceedings of a conference… 10-11 November 1983, London Press Centre, ed. Veronica Lawson. (London: Aslib, 1985); pp.165-169 [PDF, 23KB]

(1983) Merle D.Tenney: Machine translation, machine-aided translation, and machine-impeded translation.  Tools for the Trade: Translating and the Computer 5. Proceedings of a conference… 10-11 November 1983, London Press Centre, ed. Veronica Lawson. (London: Aslib, 1985); pp.105-113 [PDF, 38KB]

(1982) Stella G.Dextre: The BSI ROOT thesaurus: does it serve translators? Term banks for tomorrow’s world: Translating and the Computer 4. Proceedings of a conference… 11-12 November 1982, London Press Centre, ed. Barbara Snell. (London: Aslib, 1983); pp.137-144. [PDF, 54KB]

(1982) Alan K.Melby: Multi-level translation aids in a distributed system.  Coling 82: proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Prague, July 5-10, 1982; edited by Ján Horecký. Amsterdam, New York, Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1982 (North-Holland Linguistics Series 47); pp. 215-220. [PDF, 380KB]

(1982) Barbara Snell: The machine aided translator. Aslib Proceedings 34 (3), March 1982, pp.160-172. [PDF, 85KB]

(1982) Merle D.Tenney & Robert A.Russell: Pooling and threading in translation term banks. Coling 82 [Ninth International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Prague, July 5-10, 1982] Abstracts, edited by Eva Hajičová. Charles University, Prague, 1982; pp. 287-290. [PDF, 126KB]

(1981) Peter J.Arthern: Computer-assisted translation – a translator’s viewpoint. Lebende Sprachen 26 (2), pp.55-59. [PDF, 55KB]

(1981) Hans Karlgren: Computer aids in translation. Studia Linguistica 35 (1981); pp.86-101. [PDF, 71KB]

(1980) see Machine aids for translators: Aslib Technical Translation Group conference and exhibition, London, 20 November 1980 (Aslib Proceedings 33 (7/8), July/August 1981)

(1980) Karl-Heinz Brinkmann: Terminology data banks as a basis for high-quality translation. Coling 80: proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Sept.30 – Oct.4, 1980, Tokyo; p. 463. [PDF, 94KB]

(1980) Eugene Garfield: Can machines be scientific translators? Current Contents 33 (1980); pp.5-9. [PDF, 56KB]

(1980) Martin Kay: The proper place of men and machines in language translation. Palo Alto, CA: Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, October 1980; 21pp. [Reprinted in: Machine Translation 12 (1-2), 1997, pp. 3-23; and in: Nirenburg, S. et al. (eds.) Readings in machine translation (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2003), pp. 221-232.] [PDF, 332KB]

(1980) Alan K.Melby: Design and implementation of a computer-assisted translation system. British Computer Society Natural Language Translation Specialist Group, Newsletter no 9, January 1980; pp.7-19. [PDF, 372KB]

(1980) Barbara Snell: Electronic translation? Aslib Proceedings 32 (4), April 1980, pp.179-186. [PDF, 50KB]

(1979) Wayne W.Zachary: A survey of approaches and issues in machine-aided translation systems. Computers and the Humanities 13 (1979); pp.17-28. [PDF, 118KB]

(1978) Peter J. Arthern: Machine translation and computerized terminology systems: a translator’s viewpoint. Translating and the Computer: proceedings of a seminar, London, 14th November, 1978; ed. Barbara M.Snell (Amsterdam/New York/Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1979); pp.77-108. [PDF, 253KB]

(1978) Margaret Masterman: The essential skills to be acquired for machine translation. Translating and the Computer: proceedings of a seminar, London, 14th November, 1978; ed. Barbara M.Snell (Amsterdam/New York/Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1979); pp.159-180. [PDF, 347KB]

(1978) Juan C. Sager: Multilingual communication: chairman’s introductory review of translating and the computer. Translating and the Computer: proceedings of a seminar, London, 14th November, 1978; ed. Barbara M.Snell (Amsterdam/New York/Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1979); pp. 1-25. [PDF, 196KB]

(1978) Eberhard H. Tanke: Implementing machine aids to translation. Translating and the Computer: proceedings of a seminar, London, 14th November, 1978; ed. Barbara M.Snell (Amsterdam/New York/Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1979); pp. 45-69. [PDF, 270KB]

(1977) F.Krollmann:  User aspects of an automatic aid to translation as employed in a large translation service.  Overcoming the language barrier: third European Congress on Information Systems and Networks, Luxembourg, 3-6 May 1977, organised by the Commission of the European Communities (München: Verlag Dokumentation, 1977); vol.1, pp.243-257. [PDF, 145KB]

(1977)  J. Laurent: Utilization of the technical terminology standardized at AFNOR (Association Française de Normalisation).  Overcoming the language barrier: third European Congress on Information Systems and Networks, Luxembourg, 3-6 May 1977, organised by the Commission of the European Communities (München: Verlag Dokumentation, 1977); vol.1, pp.189-211. [PDF, 232KB]

(1977) J. Schulz: A terminology data bank for translators: methods of interrogation in the TEAM system. Overcoming the language barrier: third European Congress on Information Systems and Networks, Luxembourg, 3-6 May 1977, organised by the Commission of the European Communities (München: Verlag Dokumentation, 1977); vol.1, pp.153-188. [PDF, 191KB]

(1976) David G. Hays: Machine (aided) translation: generalities and guide to action. In: FBIS Seminar on Machine Translation, 8-9 March 1976, Rosslyn, Virginia. American Journal of Computational Linguistics, microfiche 46; pp.84-88 [PDF, 210KB]

(1976) Friedrich Krollmann: Translation aids, Federal Republic of Germany [abstract]. In: FBIS Seminar on Machine Translation, 8-9 March 1976, Rosslyn, Virginia. American Journal of Computational Linguistics, microfiche 46; p.58 [PDF, 3691KB]

(1976) Erhard O. Lippmann: Experimental on-line computer aids for the human translator [abstract]. In: FBIS Seminar on Machine Translation, 8-9 March 1976, Rosslyn, Virginia. American Journal of Computational Linguistics, microfiche 46; pp.11-13 [PDF, 142KB]

(1976) J. Mathias: Chinese-English Translation Assistance group [abstract]. In: FBIS Seminar on Machine Translation, 8-9 March 1976, Rosslyn, Virginia. American Journal of Computational Linguistics, microfiche 46; p.26 [PDF, 36KB]

(1974) Friedrich Krollmann: Data processing at the translator’s service. Babel 20(3), 1974; pp.121-129. [PDF, 70KB]

(1973) Jim Mathias: Cooperative file improvement and use of a computer-based Chinese/English dictionary.  Computational and mathematical linguistics: proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Pisa, 27/VIII – 1/IX 1973, editors: A.Zampolli, N.Calzolari (Firenze: Olschki, 1980) (Biblioteca dell’Archivum Romanicum, serie II: Linguistica, 36); vol.1, pp.275-279. [PDF, 239KB]

(1971) Friedrich Krollmann: Linguistic data banks and the technical translator. Meta 16 (1971); pp.118-124. [PDF, 64KB]

(1971) Winfred P.Lehmann & Rolf Stachowitz: Feasibility study on fully automatic high quality translation. New York: Rome Air Development Center, Griffiss Air Force Base, December 1971; vol.1, pp.ii-xi, 1-72pp. [PDF, 236KB]

(1971) Erhard O.Lippmann: An approach to computer-aided translation. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Writing and Speech, vol. EWS-14, no.1, February 1971; pp.10-33. [note]

(1970) E.O.Lippmann & W.J.Plath: Time-sharing and computer-aided translation. The Finite String 7 (8), October  1970; pp.1-4. [PDF,33KB]

Translation workstation

(1989) Khurshid Ahmad, Heather Fulford, Paul Holmes-Higgin, Margaret Rogers, & Patricia Thomas: The Translator’s Workbench project.  Translating and the Computer 11: Preparing for the next decade, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 16-17 November 1989, The Conference Forum, The Sedgwick Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1990); pp.9-19. [PDF, 89KB]

(1989) Shin-ya Amano, Kimihito Takeda, & Koichi Hasebe: What should a translation work bench be like? IFTT’89: Harmonizing human beings and computers in translation. International Forum for Translation Technology, April 26-28, 1989, Oiso Prince Hotel. (Japan Electronic Industry Development Association.); pp.16-18. [PDF, 43KB]

(1988) Francis E.Knowles: Machine aids for translators: what does the future betoken?  Translating and the Computer 10:The translation environment 10 years on, ed. Pamela Mayorcas. Proceedings of a conference… 10-11 November 1988, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1990); pp.125-135. [PDF, 58KB]

(1988) Michel Thibodeau: Mactranslator: a translator workstation on a Mac! Language Technology/Electric Word 10, November-December 1988; pp.32-34. [PDF, 808KB]

(1987) Alain Landry: The Termium termbank: today and tomorrow. Translating and the Computer 9: potential and practice, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 12-13 November 1987, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1988); pp.130-144. [PDF, 121KB]

(1987) Alan Melby: On human-machine interaction in translation.  In: Sergei Nirenburg (ed.) Machine translation: theoretical and methodological issues (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987); pp.145-154

(1987) Alan K.Melby: The translator workstation. Language Technology 2, July-August 1987; p.7. [PDF, 370KB]

(1987) Cay-Holger Stoll: Translation tools on PC. Translating and the Computer 9: potential and practice, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 12-13 November 1987, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1988); pp.11-26. [PDF, 71KB]

(1987) Mercury/Termex: dictionary look-up for translators. Language Technology 1, May-June 1987; pp.30-31. [PDF, 2010KB]

 (1985) O.K.Ewell: Multi-lingual word processing with dictionary. In: A.Razzak A.Wahab & Mohmoud E.Sieny (eds.) Studies in machine translation: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Computer Aided Translation, organized by the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology in Riyadh… 16-17 March, 1985 (Riyadh: 1986); pp.125-127. [PDF, 23KB]

(1984) Alan K.Melby: Creating an environment for the translator.  In: Margaret King (ed.) Machine translation today: the state of the art. Proceedings of the Third Lugano Tutorial, Lugano, Switzerland, 2-7 April 1984 (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1987); pp. 124-132.

(1984) Alan K.Melby: Machine translation with post editing versus a three-level integrated translator aid system. Terminologie Bulletin 45; pp. 47-55. [PDF,

(1984) Alan K.Melby: Machine translation with post editing versus a three-level integrated translator aid system. International Conference on Methodology and Techniques of Machine Translation: processing from words to language… Cranfield, 13-15 February 1984, Natural Language Translation Specialist Group of the British Computer Society; 8pp. [PDF, 38KB] [Printed in: Ian D.K.Kelly (ed.) Progress in machine translation: natural language and personal computers (Wilmslow, UK: Sigma Press, 1989); pp.119-125.]

(1983) Alan K. Melby: Computer-assisted translation systems: the standard design and a multi-step design. First conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 1-3 February 1983, Miramar-Sheraton Hotel, Santa Monica, California, USA; pp. 174-177 [PDF, 267KB]

(1982) Alan K.Melby: Multi-level translation aids in a distributed system.  Coling 82: proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Prague, July 5-10, 1982; edited by Ján Horecký. Amsterdam, New York, Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1982 (North-Holland Linguistics Series 47); pp. 215-220. [PDF, 380KB]

(1980) Martin Kay: The proper place of men and machines in language translation. Palo Alto, CA: Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, October 1980; 21pp. [Reprinted in: Machine Translation 12 (1-2), 1997, pp. 3-23; and in: Nirenburg, S. et al. (eds.) Readings in machine translation (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2003), pp. 221-232.] [PDF, 332KB]

(1976) Erhard O. Lippmann: Experimental on-line computer aids for the human translator [abstract]. In: FBIS Seminar on Machine Translation, 8-9 March 1976, Rosslyn, Virginia. American Journal of Computational Linguistics, microfiche 46; pp.11-13 [PDF, 142KB]

Translator training

(1986) Anthony F.Hartley: Continuing training for the language professions: a survey of needs.  Translating and the Computer 8: a profession on the move, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 13-14 November 1986, CBI Conference Centre, Centre Point, London (London: Aslib, 1987); pp.8-13. [PDF, 27KB]

(1985) Eveline Sleebos: Translators from Amsterdam: an informal history of the translation course at the University of Amsterdam.  Translating and the Computer 7, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 14-15 November 1985, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1986); pp.15-20. [PDF, 25KB]

(1985) Jeremy Verrinder: Continuing education and training for translators.  Translating and the Computer 7, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 14-15 November 1985, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1986); pp.11-14. [PDF, 20KB]

(1984) Birgit Rommel: Language or information: a new role for the translator? International Conference on Methodology and Techniques of Machine Translation: processing from words to language… Cranfield, 13-15 February 1984, Natural Language Translation Specialist Group of the British Computer Society; 9pp. [PDF, 93KB]. [Printed in: Ian D.K.Kelly (ed.) Progress in machine translation: natural language and personal computers (Wilmslow, UK: Sigma Press, 1989); pp.279-287.]

(1984) Birgit Rommel: The professional technical translator: new approaches to training. Translation and Communication: Translating and the Computer 6. Proceedings of a conference … 20-21 November 1984, The Waldorf Hotel, London (London: Aslib, 1985); pp.3-14. [PDF, 63KB]

(1982) Nigel Reeves: Teminology for translators.  Term banks for tomorrow’s world: Translating and the Computer 4. Proceedings of a conference… 11-12 November 1982, London Press Centre, ed. Barbara Snell. (London: Aslib, 1983); pp.61-65. [PDF, 19KB]