Machine Translation Archive

Index to linguistic categories, features, grammars and processes

Publications 1990-1999

[Click here for other periods: since 2010, 2005-2009, 2000-2004, 1970-1989; before 1970]

To return to home page click here

Adjectives

(1999) Hitoshi Isahara & Kyoko Kanzaki: Lexical semantics to disambiguate polysemous phenomena of Japanese adnominal constituents. ACL-1999: 37th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 20-26 June 1999, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA; pp.489-496. [PDF, 666KB]

(1996) Victor Raskin & Sergei Nirenburg: Adjectival modification in text meaning representation. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 842-847. [PDF, 536KB]

Adverbs

(1997) Kentaro Ogura, Satoshi Shirai, & Francis Bond: English adverb processing in Japanese-to-English machine translation. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.95-102. [PDF, 173KB]

(1994) Kentaro Ogura, Francis Bond, & Satoru Ikehara: English adverb generation in Japanese to English machine translation.  Fourth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 13-15 October 1994, Stuttgart, Germany;  pp.190-191. [PDF, 169KB]

Ambiguity preservation (see also Disambiguation)

(1998) Martin C. Emele & Michael Dorna: Ambiguity preserving machine translation using packed representations. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 365-371. [PDF, 639KB]

Anaphora resolution

(1999) Jesús Peral, Manuel Palomar, & Antonio Ferrández: Coreference-oriented interlingual slot structure & machine translation. ACL-1999 Coreference and its Applications: Proceedings of the Workshop, 22 June 1999, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA; pp.69-76. [PDF, 684KB]

(1998) Masaki Murata & Makoto Nagao: An estimate of referent of noun phrases in Japanese sentences. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 912-916. [PDF, 460KB]

(1997) Hiromi Nakaiwa: Automatic extraction of rules for anaphora resolution of Japanese zero pronouns from aligned sentence pairs.  Operational factors in practical, robust anlphora resolution for unrestricted texts. Proceedings of a workshop [at ACL-EACL-1997] ed. by Ruslan Mitkov and Branimir Boguraev, 11 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp.22-29. [PDF, 724KB]

(1997) Hiromi Nakaiwa: Automatic identification of zero pronouns and their antecedents within aligned sentence pairs. Fifth workshop on Very Large Corpora. Proceedings ed. Joe Zhou and Kenneth Church, 18 August 1997, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 20 August 1997, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong; pp.127-141. [PDF, 959KB]

(1996) Ruslan Mitkov: Anaphora and machine translation. In: Machine Translation Review, issue 4: October 1996; pp. 6-16.

(1996) Hiromi Nakaiwa & Satoshi Shirai: Anaphora resolution of Japanese zero pronouns with deictic reference. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 1090-1093. [PDF, 574KB]

(1995) Francis Bond, Kentaro Ogura,& Tsukasa Kawaoka: Noun phrase reference in Japanese to English machine translation. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.1-14. [PDF, 203KB]

(1995) Ruslan Mitkov, Sung-Kwon Choi, & Randall Sharp: Anaphora resolution in machine translation. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.87-95. [PDF, 203KB]

(1995) Hiromi Nakaiwa & Satoru Ikehara: Intrasentential resolution of Japanese zero pronouns in a machine translation system using semantic and pragmatic constraints. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.96-105. [PDF, 200KB]

(1994) Shalom Lappin & Herbert J. Leass: An algorithm for pronominal anaphora resolution. Computational Linguistics 20 (4), pp. 535-561 [PDF, 1694KB]

(1994) Ruslan Mitkov & Johann Haller: Machine translation, ten years on: Discourse has yet to make a breakthrough. International conference “Machine translation: ten years on” Proceedings ... held at Cranfield University, England, 12-14 November 1994 (Cranfield University Press, 1998) [PDF, 138KB]

(1994) Horacio Saggion & Ariadne Carvalho: Anaphora resolution in a machine translation system. International conference “Machine translation: ten years on” Proceedings ... held at Cranfield University, England, 12-14 November 1994 (Cranfield University Press, 1998) [PDF, 439KB]

(1993) Chinatsu Aone & Douglas McKee: A language-independent anaphora resolution system for understanding multilingual texts. 31st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 22-26 June 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; pp.156-163. [PDF, 624KB]

(1993) Masaki Murata & Makoto Nagao: Determination of referential property and number of nouns in Japanese sentences for machine translation into English. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 218-225. [PDF, 229KB]

 (1992) Hsin-Hsi Chen: The transfer of anaphors in translation. Literary and Linguistic Computing 7 (4), pp.231-238. [PDF, 235KB]

(1992) Hiromi Nakaiwa & Satoru Ikehara: Zero pronoun resolution in a Japanese to English machine translation system using verbal semantic attributes.  Third conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 31 March – 3 April 1992, Trento, Italy;  pp.201-208. [PDF, 802KB]

(1992) Louisa Sadler & Doug Arnold: A constraint-based approach to translating anaphoric dependencies. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 728- 734. [PDF, 400KB]

(1990) Hiyan Alshawi: Resolving quasi logical forms. Computational Linguistics 16 (3), pp. 133-144 [PDF, 1198KB]

(1990) Shalom Lappin & Michael McCord: Anaphora resolution in slot grammar. Computational Linguistics 16 (4), pp. 197-212 [PDF, 1501KB]

(1990) Shalom Lappin & Michael McCord: A syntactic filter on pronominal anaphora for slot grammar. 28th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 6-9 June 1990, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA; pp.135-142. [PDF, 437KB]

(1990) Hajime Wada: Discourse processing in MT: problems in pronominal translation. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.1, pp. 73-75. [PDF, 332KB]

Annotation and features

(1999) Mosleh H. Al-Adhaileh & Tang Enya Kong: Example-based machine translation based on the synchronous SSTC annotation schema.  Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 244-249. [PDF, 271KB]

(1999) Hui-Feng Li, Namwon Heo, Kyoungbi Moon, & Jong-Hyeok Lee: The use of abstracted knowledge from an automatically sense-tagged corpus for lexical transfer ambiguity resolution.  Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 390-396. [PDF, 254KB]

(1998) Johan Bos, C.J.Rupp, Bianka Buschbeck-Wolf, & Michael Dorna: Managing information at linguistic interfaces. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 160-166. [PDF, 635KB]

(1998) Ludmila Dimitrova, Tomaz Erjavec, Nancy Ide, Heiki Jaan Kaalep, Vladimir Petkevic & Dan Tufis: Multext-East: parallel and comparable corpora and lexicons for six central and eastern European languages. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 315-319. [PDF, 414KB]

 (1998) Norbert Reithinger & Michael Kipp: Large scale dialogue annotation in Verbmobil. Proceedings of the Workshop on "Recent Advances in Corpus Annotation" at the 10th European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information (ESSLLI-98), Saarbrücken, 1998; 6pp. [PDF, 289KB]

 (1996) Martha Palmer: Moving towards applications by augmenting verb classes with information structure. In: David Farwell (ed.) PREceedings of the Pre-Workshop on interlinguas and interlingual approaches to machine translation, 1 October 1996, Montreal, [AMTA]; pp.51-52 [PDF, 17KB]

(1993) Ulrich Heid: Relating parallel monolingual lexicon fragments for translation purposes. In: Machine translation and the lexicon: Third international EAMT workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28 1993, Proceedings (Berlin: Springer, 1995); pp.231-251. [abstract]

(1993) Hans-Ulrich Krieger: Typed feature formalisms as a common basis for linguistic specification. In: Machine translation and the lexicon: Third international EAMT workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28 1993, Proceedings (Berlin: Springer, 1995); pp.101-119. [abstract]

(1993) Paul Procter: The Cambridge language survey.  In: Machine translation and the lexicon: Third international EAMT workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28 1993, Proceedings (Berlin: Springer, 1995); pp.77-84. [abstract]

Articles

(1999) Lee Hian-Beng: Article selection using probabilistic sense disambiguation. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 421-426. [PDF, 194KB]

(1992) Cornelia Zelinsky-Wibbelt: Exploiting linguistic iconism for article selection in machine translation. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 792-798. [PDF, 480KB]

(1990) Barbara Gawrońska-Werngren: “Translation great problem” – on the problem of inserting articles when translating from Russian into Swedish. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.2, pp. 133-138. [PDF, 506KB]

Aspect

(1999) Masaki Murata, Qing Ma, Kiyotaka Uchimoto, & Hitoshi Isahara: An example-based approach to Japanese-to-English translation of tense, aspect, and modality.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 66-76 [PDF, 244KB]

(1997) Bonnie J.Dorr & Mari Broman Olsen: Deriving verbal and compositional lexical aspect for NLP applications. ACL-EACL-1997: 35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference, 7-12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp. 151-158. [PDF, 689KB]

(1997) Bonnie J. Dorr, Mari Broman Olsen, & Scott C. Thomas: Toward compact monotonically compositional interlingua using lexical aspect.  Proceedings of the AMTA/SIG-IL First Workshop on Interlinguas, October 28, 1997, San Diego, CA, USA; pp. 33-43. [PDF, 190KB]

(1995) Frank Van Eynde: A sign-based approach to the translation of temporal expressions. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.67-86. [PDF, 855KB]

(1993) Margherita Antona & Jun-ichi Tsujii: Treatment of tense and aspect in translation from Italian to Greek — an example of treatment of implicit information in knowledge-based transfer MT. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 131-153. [PDF, 209KB]

(1992) Laurence Danlos & Pollet Samvelian: Translation in the predicative element of a sentence: category switiching, aspect and diathesis Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.21-34. [PDF, 168KB]

(1992) Bonnie J. Dorr: A parameterized approach to integrating aspect with lexical-semantics for machine translation. 30th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 28 June – 2 July 1992, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA; pp.257-264. [PDF, 916KB]

(1992) Barbara Gawrońska: Aspect – a problem for MT. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 652-657. [PDF, 461KB]

(1991) Bianka Buschbeck, Renate Henschel, Iris Höser, Gerda Klimonow, Andreas Küstner, & Ingrid Starke: Limits of a sentence based procedural approach for aspect choice in German-Russian MT. Fifth conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 9-11 April 1991, Congress Hall, Alexanderplatz, Berlin, Germany; pp. 269-274.  {PDF, 409KB]

(1991) Bonnie J.Dorr: A two-level knowledge representation for machine translation: lexical semantics and tense/aspect. [ACL 1991] Lexical Semantics and Knowledge Representation: proceedings of a workshop, ed. James Pustejovsky and Sabine Bergler, 17 June 1991, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; pp.250-263. [PDF, 912KB]

Case grammar and case frames

(1998) Daniel D. Sleator & Davy Temperley: Parsing English with a link grammar. In: Machine Translation Review, issue 8: October 1998; pp.15-34. [PDF]

(1994) Barbara Gawrońska, Christer Johansson, Anders Nordner, & Caroline Willners: Interpreting compounds for machine translation. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 45-50. [PDF, 498KB]

(1994) Stefan Svenberg: Representing conceptual and linguistic knowledge for multi-lingual generation in a technical domain. Seventh international workshop on Natural Language Generation, Proceedings, June 21-24, 1994, Nonantun Inn, Kennebunkport, Maine; pp. 245-248. [PDF, 355KB]

Categorial grammar

(1999) Timothy Baldwin & Hozumi Tanaka: Argument status in Japanese verb sense disambiguation.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 196-206 [PDF, 239KB]

(1999) Timothy Baldwin, Francis Bond & Ben Hutchinson: A valency dictionary architecture for machine translation.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 207-217 [PDF, 261KB]

(1999) Hiromi Nakaiwa & Kayo Seki: Automatic addition of verbal semantic attributes to a Japanese-to-English valency transfer dictionary.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 185-195 [PDF, 231KB]

(1997) Tsutomu Fujinami: Combining situated reasoning with semantic transfer minimally.  Spoken Language Translation: proceedings of a workshop… ed. Steven Krauwer, Doug Arnold, Walter Kasper, Manny Rayner, Harold Somers, 11 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain; pp.92-93. [PDF, 116KB]

(1997) Kazunori Muraki, Shin’ichiro Kamei, & Shinichi Doi: A left-to-right breadth-first algorithm for subcategorization frame selection of Japanese verbs. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.168-175. [PDF, 160KB]

(1996) Naoyuki Nomura & Kazunori Muraki: An empirical architecture for verb subcategorization frame: a lexicon for a real-world scale Japanese-English interlingual MT. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 640-645. [PDF, 573KB]

(1994) Hideki Tanaka: Verbal case frame acquisition from a bilingual corpus: gradual knowledge acquisition. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 727-731. [PDF, 391KB]

(1993) Nicholas Ostler: Perception vocabulary in five languages – towards an analysis using frame elements. In: Machine translation and the lexicon: Third international EAMT workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28 1993, Proceedings (Berlin: Springer, 1995); pp.219-230. [abstract]

(1992) Geert Adriaens & Gert de Braekeleer: Converting large on-line valency dictionaries for NLP applications: from PROTON descriptions to METAL frames. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 1182-1186. [PDF, 443KB]

(1992) Masahiko Ishikawa & Ryoichi Sugimura: Natural language analysis using a network model - Modification Deciding Network Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.55-66. [PDF, 232KB]

(1992) Makoto Nagao: Some rationales and methodologies for example-based approach. International Workshop on Fundamental Research for the Future Generation of Natural Language Processing (FGNLP): Proceedings, 30-31 July 1992, Hotel Dominion, Manchester; Sofia Ananiadou, editor (Centre for Computational Linguistics, UMIST); pp.82-94. [PDF, 123KB]

(1992) Hiromi Nakaiwa & Satoru Ikehara: Zero pronoun resolution in a Japanese to English machine translation system using verbal semantic attributes.  Third conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 31 March – 3 April 1992, Trento, Italy;  pp.201-208. [PDF, 802KB]

(1992) Takehito Utsuro, Yuji Matsumoto, & Makoto Nagao: Lexical knowledge acquisition from bilingual corpora. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 581-587. [PDF, 481KB]

(1991) N.Venkata Subramaniam, N.Alwar, G.Mallikarjuna, P.Prabhakar Rao, & S.Raman: Bidirectional machine translation in Indian languages. Eurospeech ’91 Second European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology, Genova, Italy, September 24-26, 1991; pp.1067-1070; abstract [PDF, 28KB]

Causation

(1994) Liesbeth Degand: Towards an account of causation in a multilingual text generation system. Seventh international workshop on Natural Language Generation, Proceedings, June 21-24, 1994, Nonantun Inn, Kennebunkport, Maine; pp. 108-116. [PDF, 892KB]

Closely related languages

(1990) Alla Bémová & Vladislav Kuboň: Czech-to-Russian transducing dictionary. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 314-316. [PDF, 261KB]

Cognates

(1993) Kenneth Ward Church: Char_align: a program for aligning parallel texts at the character level. 31st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 22-26 June 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; pp. 1-8. [PDF, 625KB]

(1993) Pierre Isabelle, Marc Dymetman, George Foster, Jean-Marc Jutras, Elliott Macklovitch, François Perrault, Xiaobo Ren & Michel Simard: Translation analysis and translation automation. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 201-217. [PDF, 772KB]

(1993) Pierre Isabelle, Marc Dymetman, George Foster, Jean-Marc Jutras, Elliott Macklovitch, François Perrault, Xiaobo Ren & Michel Simard: Translation analysis and translation automation. IBM Center for Advanced Studies Conference (Toronto, Ontario, Canada): Proceedings of the 1993 conference on collaborative research: distributed computing, vol.2, pp. 1133-1147. [PDF, 1090KB]

(1993) Michel Simard, George F.Foster, & Pierre Isabelle: Using cognates to align sentences in bilingual corpora. IBM Center for Advanced Studies Conference (Toronto, Ontario, Canada): Proceedings of the 1993 conference on collaborative research: distributed computing, vol.2, pp. 1071-1082. [PDF, 861KB]

(1992) Michel Simard, George F. Foster, & Pierre Isabelle: Using cognates to align sentences in bilingual corpora Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.67-81. [PDF, 270KB]

Cognitive linguistics

(1999) Barbara Gawronska, Jaana Anttila & Dan-Ivar Jacobsson: Mental spaces, space builders and bilingual summarization of news reports. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 1-10 [PDF, 210KB]

(1997) Dina Belyayeva: The model of conceptual structure mapping: a psycholinguistic approach to interlingual representation.  Proceedings of the AMTA/SIG-IL First Workshop on Interlinguas, October 28, 1997, San Diego, CA, USA; pp. 1-10. [PDF, 164KB]

(1993) Nili Mandelblit: Machine translation: a cognitive linguistics approach. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 117-130. [PDF, 184KB]

(1992) Cornelia Zelinsky-Wibbelt: Exploiting linguistic iconism for article selection in machine translation. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 792-798. [PDF, 480KB]

Comparatives

(1990) Manny Rayner & Amelia Banks: An implementable semantics for comparative constructions. Computational Linguistics 16 (2), pp. 85-112 [PDF, 2326KB]

Compositionality

(1999) Xiaojie Wang & Yixin Zhong: A new way to conceptual meaning representation.  Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 518-521. [PDF, 134KB]

(1998) Michael Carl: A constructivist approach to machine translation. New Methods in Language Processing and Computational Natural Language Learning (NeMLaP3/CoNLL98). Editor: David M.W.Powers, Macquarie University, Januray 11-17, 1998; pp. 247-256. [PDF, 985KB]

(1998) Jan Landsbergen: Compositional translation revisted. Proceedings of the 10th European Summer School on Logic, Linguistics and Information (ESSLLI), Saarbrücken, 24-28 August 1998: Workshop on machine translation. [PDF,74KB]

(1997) Bonnie J.Dorr & Mari Broman Olsen: Deriving verbal and compositional lexical aspect for NLP applications. ACL-EACL-1997: 35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference, 7-12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp. 151-158. [PDF, 689KB]

(1996) Johan Bos, Björn Gambäck, Christian Lieske, Yoshiki Mori, Manfred Pinkal, & Karsten Worm: Compositional semantics in Verbmobil. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 131-136. [PDF, 511KB]

(1995) Bonnie J. Dorr: [review of] Compositional translation [by] M.T.Rosetta (pseud.) (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1994). Computational Linguistics 21 (4), pp. 582-589 [PDF, 597KB]

 (1995) Jun’ichi Tsujii: Machine translation: productivity and conventionality of language. In: Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: selected papers from RANLP ’95, ed. Ruslan Mitkov & Nicolas Nikolov, John Benjamins Publ.Co.: Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 1997; pp.377-392. [PDF, 406KB]

(1994) Louis des Tombe: Compensation. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.157-173.

(1991) Hiyan Alshawi, David Carter, Manny Rayner, & Björn Gambäck: Translation by quasi logical form transfer. 29th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 18-21 June 1991, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; pp.161-168. [PDF, 669KB]

(1991) Björn Gambäck, Manny Rayner, Hiyan Alshawi & David Carter: Measuring compositionality of transfer.  Proceedings of the Evaluators’ Forum, April 21st – 24th, 1991, Les Rasses, Vaud, Switzerland, ed. Kirsten Falkedal. (Geneva: ISSCO); pp. 181-184. [PDF, 189KB]

(1991) Björn Gambäck, Hiyan Alshawi, David Carter & Manny Rayner: Measuring compositionality in transfer-based machine translation systems. In: Jeanette  G.Neal and Sharon M.Walter (eds.): Natural Language Processing Systems Evaluation Workshop, Calspan-UB Research Center, Buffalo, NY, 18 June 1991; pp.141-145. [PDF, 322KB]

(1990) Marc Dymetman, Pierre Isabelle, & François Perrault: A symmetrical approach to parsing and generation. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 90-96. [PDF, 671KB]

(1990) Taijiro Tsutsumi: Wide-range restructuring of intermediate representations in machine translation. Computational Linguistics 16 (2), pp. 71-78. [PDF, 764KB]

Conjunctions

(1996) Eric M. Visser & Masaru Fuji: Using sentence connectors for evaluating MT output. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 1066-1069. [PDF, 411KB]

(1994) Sadao Kurohashi & Makoto Nagao: A syntactic analysis method of long Japanese sentences based on the detection of conjunctive structures. Computational Linguistics 20 (4), pp. 508-534 [PDF, 1681KB]

Context-free grammars

(1996) Koichi Takeda: Pattern-based machine translation. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 1155-1158. [PDF, 484KB]

(1996) Koichi Takeda: Pattern-based context-free grammars for machine translation. 34th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 24-27 June 1996, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, USA; pp. 144-176. [PDF, 769KB]

Contrastive linguistics

(2002) Paul Bennett: Teaching contrastive linguistics for MT Sixth EAMT Workshop "Teaching machine translation", November 14-15, 2002, UMIST, Manchester, England; pp.43-52. [PDF, 53KB]

Controlled languages

(1999) Jeffrey Allen: Adapting the concept of “translation memory” to “authoring memory” for a controlled language writing environment. Translating and the Computer 21. Proceedings of the Twenty-first International Conference…10-11 November 1999 (London: Aslib, 1999); 13pp. [PDF, 123KB]

(1999) Arendse Bernth: Controlling input and output of MT for greater user acceptance. Translating and the Computer 21. Proceedings of the Twenty-first International Conference…10-11 November 1999 (London: Aslib, 1999); 10pp. [PDF, 93KB]

(1999) Christian Boitet: Dialogue-based MT and self-explaining documents as an alternative to MAHT and MT of controlled languages. In: Machine Translation Review, issue 10: October 1999; pp.6-15. [PDF]

(1999) Hiroyuki Kaji: Controlled languages for machine translation: state of the art.  Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 37-39. [PDF, 140KB]

(1999) Uus Knops: Controlled language – issues in checkers’ design.  Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 40-45. [PDF, 135KB]

(1999) Aarno Lehtola, Jarno Tenni, Catherine Bounsaythip, & Kristiina Jaaranen: WEBTRAN: a controlled language machine translation system for building multilingual services on Internet. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 487-495. [PDF, 361KB]

(1999) Elliott Macklovitch: Regional survey: M(A)T in North America. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp.73-79. [PDF, 153KB]

(1999) Teruko Mitamura: Controlled language for multilingual machine translation.  Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 46-52. [PDF, 187KB]

(1999) Teruko Mitamura, Eric Nyberg, Enrique Torrejon & Robert Igo: Multiple strategies for automatic disambiguation in technical translation.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 218-227 [PDF, 222KB]

(1998) Arendse Bernth: Easy English: addressing structural ambiguity. Machine translation and the information soup: third conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, AMTA '98, Langhorne, PA,USA, October 1998; ed. David Farwell, Laurie Gerber, Eduard Hovy (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1998); pp.164-173. [go to publisher details]

(1998) Andrew Bredenkamp: Controlled languages are becoming crucial: report on the CLAW 98 conference. Language Today 11, August 1998; pp.10-12. [PDF, 2659KB]

(1998) Christine Kamprath, Eric Adolphson, Teruko Mitamura, & Eric Nyberg: Controlled language for multilingual document production. CLAW 98: proceedings of the second international workshop on Controlled Language Applications, 21-22 May 1998, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; pp.51-61. [PDF, 333KB]

(1998) Kurt Godden: Controlling the business environment for controlled language.  Language Today 12, September 1998; pp.11-13. [PDF, 5613KB]

(1998) Kurt Godden: Machine translation in context. Machine translation and the information soup: third conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, AMTA '98, Langhorne, PA,USA, October 1998; ed. David Farwell, Laurie Gerber, Eduard Hovy (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1998); pp.158-163. [go to publisher details]

(1998) Isobel Heald & Rémi Zajac: Compounds nouns in simplified English. CLAW 98: proceedings of the second international workshop on Controlled Language Applications, 21-22 May 1998, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; pp.124-133. [PDF, 294KB]

(1998) Uus Knops & Bart Depoortere: Controlled language and machine translation. In: CLAW 98: proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Controlled Language Applications, 21-22 May 1998, Language Technologies Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; pp.42-50. [PDF, 308KB]

(1998) Aarno Lehtola, Jarno Tenni, & Catherine Bounsaythip: Definition of a controlled language based on augmented lexical entries. In: CLAW 98: proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Controlled Language Applications, 21-22 May 1998, Language Technologies Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; pp.16-29. [PDF, 493KB]

(1998) Dawn Murphy, Jane Mason, & Stuart Sklair: Improving translation at the source. Translating and the Computer 20. Proceedings of the Twentieth International Conference…12-13 November 1998 (London: Aslib, 1998); 8pp. [PDF, 78KB]

(1998) Satoshi Shirai, Satoru Ikehara, Akio Yokoo, & Yoshifumi Ooyama: Automatic rewriting method for internal expressions in Japanese to English MT and its effects. CLAW 98: proceedings of the second international workshop on Controlled Language Applications, 21-22 May 1998, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; pp.62-75. [PDF, 478KB]

(1998) Pim van der Eijk & Jacqueline van Wees: Supporting controlled language authoring. In: EAMT Workshop, Geneva, 2-3 April 1998. [PDF]

(1998) Jörg Schütz: MULTIDOC -- controlling language in multilingual documentation. In: EAMT Workshop, Geneva, 2-3 April 1998. [PDF]

(1998) Satoshi Shirai, Satoru Ikehara, Akio Yokoo, & Yoshifumi Ooyama: Automatic rewriting method for internal expressions in Japanese to English MT and its effects. CLAW 98: proceedings of the second international workshop on Controlled Language Applications, 21-22 May 1998, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; pp.62-75. [PDF, 478KB]

(1997) Arendse Bernth: EasyEnglish: a tool for improving document quality.  Fifth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 31 March – 3 April 1997, Washington Marriott Hotel, Washington, DC, USA;  pp.159-165. [PDF, 635KB]

(1997) Herman Caeyers: Presentation of Lant technology.  MT Summit VI. Machine Translation: Past, Present, Future.  Proceedings, 29 October – 1 November 1997, San Diego, California, USA; pp. 253-254 [PDF, 93KB]

(1997) Herman Caeyers: Machine translation and controlled English EAMT Workshop "Language technology in your organization?", May 21 - 22, 1997, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen, Denmark; pp.91-103. [PDF, 264KB]

(1997) Anna Sågvall Hein: Language control and machine translation. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.103-110. [PDF, 138KB]

(1997) Anna Sågvall Hein, Ingrid Almqvist & Per Starbäck: Scania Swedish – a basis for multilingual translation. Translating and the Computer 19. Papers from the Aslib conference held on 13 & 14 November 1997 (London: Aslib, 1997); 15pp. [PDF, 269KB]

(1997) Christine Kamprath: Using MT in a corporate setting.  MT Summit VI. Machine Translation: Past, Present, Future.  Proceedings, 29 October – 1 November 1997, San Diego, California, USA; 12pp.  [PDF of PPT, 465KB]

(1996) Ingrid Almqvist & Anna Sågvall Hein: Defining ScaniaSwedish – a controlled language for truck maintenance. [CLAW 1996] Proceedings of the first international workshop on controlled language applications: CLAW 96. Leuven: Centre for Computational Linguistics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1996; pp.159-165. [PDF, 40KB]

 (1996) Farid Cerbah: A study of some lexical differences between French and English instructions in a multilingual generation framework. Eighth International Natural Language Generation workshop (INLG’96), Proceedings, 12-15 June 1996, Herstmonceux Castle, Sussex, UK; pp. 131-140. [PDF, 834KB]

(1996) Michiel de Koning: Bringing controlled language support to the desktop. In: EAMT Workshop, Vienna, 29-30 August 1996. [PDF]

(1996) Shona Douglas & Matthew Hurst: Controlled language support for Perkins Approved Clear English (PACE). [CLAW 1996] Proceedings of the first international workshop on controlled language applications: CLAW 96. Leuven: Centre for Computational Linguistics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1996; pp.93-105. [PDF, 129KB]

(1996) Johann Haller: MULTILINT. Translating and the Computer 18. Papers from the Aslib conference held on 14 & 15 November 1996 (London: Aslib, 1996); 8pp. [PDF, 85KB]

(1996) Phil Hayes, Steve Maxwell, & Linda Schmandt: Controlled English advantages for translated and original English documents. [CLAW 1996] Proceedings of the first international workshop on controlled language applications: CLAW 96. Leuven: Centre for Computational Linguistics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1996; pp.84-92. [PDF, 50KB]

(1996) Isobel Heald & Rémi Zajac: Syntactic and semantic problems in the use of a controlled language. [CLAW 1996] Proceedings of the first international workshop on controlled language applications: CLAW 96. Leuven: Centre for Computational Linguistics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1996; pp.205-215. [PDF, 62KB]

(1996) Heather Holmback, Serena Shubert, & Jan Spyridakis: Issues in conducting empirical evaluations of controlled languages. [CLAW 1996] Proceedings of the first international workshop on controlled language applications: CLAW 96. Leuven: Centre for Computational Linguistics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1996; pp.166-17. [PDF, 56KB]

(1996) Edward Johnson: LinguaNet: … setting a linguist to catch a thief. Translating and the Computer 18. Papers from the Aslib conference held on 14 & 15 November 1996 (London: Aslib, 1996); 8pp. [PDF, 255KB]

(1996) Edward Johnson: LinguaNet: controlling police communications. [CLAW 1996] Proceedings of the first international workshop on controlled language applications: CLAW 96. Leuven: Centre for Computational Linguistics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1996; pp.115-123. [PDF, 56KB]

(1996) Richard Kittredge: A path from sublanguage to controlled language [abstract]. [CLAW 1996] Proceedings of the first international workshop on controlled language applications: CLAW 96. Leuven: Centre for Computational Linguistics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1996; p.178. [PDF, 16KB]

(1996) Linda Means & Kurt Godden: The controlled automotive service language (CASL) project. [CLAW 1996] Proceedings of the first international workshop on controlled language applications: CLAW 96. Leuven: Centre for Computational Linguistics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1996; pp.106-114. [PDF, 46KB]

(1996) Alan K.Melby: Building machine translation on a firm foundation. Translating and the Computer 18. Papers from the Aslib conference held on 14 & 15 November 1996 (London: Aslib, 1996); 10pp. [PDF, 69KB]

(1996) Eric H.Nyberg, 3rd, & Teruko Mitamura: Controlled language and knowledge-based machine translation: principles and practice. [CLAW 1996] Proceedings of the first international workshop on controlled language applications: CLAW 96. Leuven: Centre for Computational Linguistics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1996; pp.74-83. [PDF, 51KB]

(1996) Pim van der Eijk, Michiel de Koning, & Gert van der Steen: Controlled language correction and translation. [CLAW 1996] Proceedings of the first international workshop on controlled language applications: CLAW 96. Leuven: Centre for Computational Linguistics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1996; pp.64-73. [PDF, 109KB]

(1995) Geert Adriaens & Lieve Macken: Technological evaluation of a controlled language application: precision, recall and convergence tests for SECC. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.123-141. [PDF, 270KB]

(1995) Teruko Mitamura & Eric H. Nyberg, 3rd: Controlled English for knowledge-based MT: experience with the KANT system. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.158-172. [PDF, 214KB]

(1994) G. Adriaens : Simplified English grammar and style correction in an MT framework: the LRE SECC project. Translating and the Computer 16. Papers presented at a conference… 10-11 November 1994, Institution of Civil Engineers, London SW1 (London: Aslib, 1994); pp.78-88. [PDF, 80KB]

(1994) Peggy Andersen: ClearCheck demonstration. Technology partnerships for crossing the language barrier. Proceedings of the First Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, 5-8 October 1994, Columbia, Maryland, USA (Washington, DC: AMTA); pp.227 [PDF, 50KB]

(1994) Kathryn L. Baker, Alexander M. Franz, Pamela W. Jordan, Teruko Mitamura, & Eric H. Nyberg, 3rd:  Coping with ambiguity in a large-scale machine translation system. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 90-94. [PDF, 436KB]

(1994) Christian Boitet: Dialogue-Based MT and self-explaining documents as an alternative to MAHT and MT of controlled languages. International conference “Machine translation: ten years on” Proceedings ... held at Cranfield University, England, 12-14 November 1994 (Cranfield University Press, 1998) [PDF, 164KB]

(1994) J.D.Wigg: AECMA Simplified English.  British Computer Society Natural Language Translation Specialist Group, Newsletter no 22, April 1994; pp.23-24. [PDF, 189KB]

(1994) Smart release: MaxTran. Language International 6 (3), 1994; pp.7-8. [PDF, 100KB]

(1993) Arthur Lee: Controlled English with and without machine translation.  Machine Translation Today: Translating and the Computer 15. Papers presented at a conference… 18-19 November 1993, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1993); pp. 35-39. [PDF, 37KB]

(1993) Cap Volmac’s tailormade MT systems. Language Industry Monitor, issue no.18, November-December 1993; pp.9-10. [PDF, 97KB]

(1992) Roger T.Bell & Jack Lonergan: Cab computer-speak language: developing multilingual audio and visual communications systems for Transmanche trains. Translating and the Computer 14: Quality Standards and the Implementation of Technology in Translation. Papers presented at a conference… 10-11 November 1992, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1992); pp.187-196. [PDF, 68KB]

(1992) John Newton: The Perkins experience. In: John Newton (ed.) Computers in translation: a practical appraisal (London: Routledge, 1992),; pp.33-57.

(1992) Eric H. Nyberg III & Teruko Mitamura: The KANT system: fast, accurate, high-quality translation in practical domains. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 1069-1073. [PDF, 351KB]

(1992) Gert van der Steen & Bert-Jan Dijenborgh: Online correction and translation of industrial texts.  Translating and the Computer 14: Quality Standards and the Implementation of Technology in Translation. Papers presented at a conference… 10-11 November 1992, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1992); pp.135-164. [PDF, 217KB]

(1992) Localizing the Bull way. Language Industry Monitor, issue no.9, May-June 1992; pp.4-5. [PDF, 102KB]

(1992) New MT system for Caterpillar now under development. In: MT news, Language Industry Monitor, issue no.10, July-August 1992; pp.6-7. [PDF, 90KB]

(1992) Pre-editing Systran. Language Industry Monitor, issue no.9, May-June 1992; p.2. [PDF, 77KB]

(1990) Andrew Evans & Dimitri Theologitis: Putting the VIM into AVIMA. Translating and the Computer 12: Applying technology in the translation process, ed. Catriona Picken. Proceedings of a conference… 8-9 November 1990, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1991); pp. 129-138. [PDF, 165KB]

(1990) Trevor Jackson: Less is more. Electric Word 19, May-June 1990; pp.42-45. [PDF, 1154KB]

Coordination

(1994) Sadao Kurohashi & Makoto Nagao: A syntactic analysis method of long Japanese sentences based on the detection of conjunctive structures. Computational Linguistics 20 (4), pp. 508-534 [PDF, 1681KB]

(1994) Akitoshi Okumura & Kazunori Muraki: Symmetric pattern matching analysis for English coordinate structures. Fourth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 13-15 October 1994, Stuttgart, Germany;  pp.41-46. [PDF, 558KB]

 (1992) Cheol Ho Kim & Gil Chang Kim: Syntactic analysis of coordinate noun phrase. Literary and Linguistic Computing 7 (3), pp.159-167. [PDF, 260KB]

(1992) Satoshi Kinoshita, John Phillips, & Jun-ichi Tsujii: Interaction between structural changes in machine translation.  Speech and Natural Language: proceedings of a workshop held at Harriman, New York, USA, February 23-26, 1992. (San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 1992); pp. 255-260. [PDF, 929KB]

(1992) Akitoshi Okumura, Kazunori Muraki, & Kiyoshi Yamabana: A pattern-learning based, hybrid model for the syntactic analysis of structural relationships among Japanese clauses  Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.45-54 [PDF, 184KB]

Decipherment

(1999) Kevin Knight & Kenji Yamada: A computational approach to deciphering unknown scripts. ACL-1999 Unsupervised Learning in Natural Language Processing: Proceedings of the Workshop ed. Andrew Kehler and Andreas Stolcke, 21 June 1999, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA; pp.31-36. [PDF, 629KB]

Definite Clause Grammar

(1992) Barbara Gawrońska: Aspect – a problem for MT. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 652-657. [PDF, 461KB]

(1992) Bengt Sigurd, Caroline Willners, Mats Eeg-Olofsson, & Christer Johansson: Deep comprehension, generation and translation of weather forecasts (Weathra). Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 749-755. [PDF, 341KB]

(1990) Tomek Strzalkowski & Ping Peng: Automated inversion of logic grammars for generation.  28th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 6-9 June 1990, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA; pp. 212-219. [PDF, 415KB]

Dependency relations

(1999) Ulrich Germann: A deterministic dependency parser for Japanese.  Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 547-555. [PDF, 136KB]

(1999) Satoru Ikehara, Shinnji Nakai, & Jin’ichi Murakami: Automatic generation of semantic dependency rules for Japanese noun phrases with particles “no”.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 55-65 [PDF, 270KB]

(1999) Kiyotaka Uchimoto, Satoshi Sekine, & Hitoshi Isahara: Japanese dependency structure analysis based on maximum entropy models. EACL’99: Ninth Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 8-12 June 1999, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; pp. 196-203. [PDF, 685KB]

(1999) Masahiro Ueki, Takenobu Tokunaga, & Hozumi Tanaka: Sharing syntactic structures. Machine  Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 543-546. [PDF, 138KB]

(1999) Dekai Wu, Jun Zhao, & Zhifang Sui: An information-theoretic empirical analysis of dependency-based feature types for word prediction models. Joint SIGDAT conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and Very Large Corpora. Proceedings ed. Pascale Fung and Joe Zhou, 21-22 June 1999, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA; pp.29-37. [PDF, 655KB]

(1998) Seungmi Lee & Key-Sun Choi: Automatic acquisition of language model based on head-dependent relation between words. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 723-727. [PDF, 402KB]

(1998) Shinsuke Mori & Makoto Nagao: A stochastic language model using dependency and its improvement by word clustering. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 898-904. [PDF, 538KB]

(1998) Daniel D. Sleator & Davy Temperley: Parsing English with a link grammar. In: Machine Translation Review, issue 8: October 1998; pp.15-34. [PDF]

(1997) Hiyan Alshawi, Adam L.Buchsbaum, & Fei Xia: A comparison of head transducers and transfer for a limited domain translation application. ACL-EACL-1997: 35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference, 7-12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp. 360-365. [PDF, 523KB]

(1996) Hiyan Alshawi: Head automata and bilingual tiling: translation with minimal representations. Invited talk at: 34th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 24-27 June 1996, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, USA; pp. 167-176. [PDF, 1031KB]

(1996) Harri Arnola, Kaarina Hyvönen, Jukka-Pekka Juntunen, Tim Linnanvirta, & Petteri Suoranta: Kielikone Finnish-English MT system TranSmart in practical use. Translating and the Computer 18. Papers from the Aslib conference held on 14 & 15 November 1996 (London: Aslib, 1996); 17pp. [PDF, 200KB]

(1994) Hiyan Alshawi: Qualitative and quantitative models of speech translation. The balancing act: combining symbolic and statistical approaches to language. Proceedings of the workshop, 1 July 1994, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. (ACL, 1994); pp.1-10. [PDF, 1538KB]

(1994) Fathi Debili, Elyès Sammouda, & Adnane Zribi: Using syntactic dependencies for word alignment.  Fourth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 13-15 October 1994, Stuttgart, Germany;  pp.188-189. [PDF, 190KB]

(1993) Satoshi Kinoshita, Miwako Shimazu, & Hideki Hirakawa: Better translation with knowledge extracted from source text. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 240-251. [PDF, 170KB]

(1993) Yuji Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Ishimoto, & Takehito Utsuro: Structural matching of parallel texts. 31st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 22-26 June 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; pp.23-30. [PDF, 601KB]

(1992) Louisa Sadler & Doug Arnold: A constraint-based approach to translating anaphoric dependencies. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 728- 734. [PDF, 400KB]

(1992) Mitsugu Miura, Mikito Hirata, & Nami Hoshino: Learning mechanism in machine translation system “PIVOT”. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 693-699. [PDF, 331KB]

(1990) Victor Sadler: The bilingual knowledge bank (BKB): a new foundation for machine translation. [Utrecht: private publication, June 1990].46pp. [PDF, 4579KB]

Dialects and registers

(1999) Jack Halpern & Jouni Kerman: The pitfalls and complexities of Chinese to Chinese conversion. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 458-466. [PDF, 541KB]

(1998) Xiaoheng Zhang: Dialect MT: a case study between Cantonese and Mandarin. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 1460-1464. [PDF, 429KB]

Dialogue

(1999) Christian Boitet: Dialogue-based MT and self-explaining documents as an alternative to MAHT and MT of controlled languages. In: Machine Translation Review, issue 10: October 1999; pp.6-15. [PDF]

(1999) Toshiyuki Takezawa, Fumiaki Sugaya, Akio Yokoo, & Seiichi Yamamoto: A new evaluation method for speech translation systems and a case study on ATR-MATRIX from Japanese to English. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 299-307. [PDF, 239KB]

(1999) Hideki Tanaka & Akio Yokoo: An efficient statistical speech act type tagging system for speech translation systems. ACL-1999: 37th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 20-26 June 1999, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA; pp.381-388. [PDF, 746KB]

(1998) Jan Alexandersson & Peter Poller: Towards multilingual protocol generation for spontaneous speech dialogues. Ninth International workshop on Natural Language Generation,  Proceedings, 5-7 August 1998, Niagra-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada; pp. 198-207. [PDF, 822KB]

(1998) Tilman Becker, Wolfgang Finkler, Anne Kilger, & Peter Poller: An efficient kernel for multilingual generation in speech-to-speech dialogue translation. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 110-116. [PDF, 664KB]

(1998) Johan Bos, C.J.Rupp, Bianka Buschbeck-Wolf, & Michael Dorna: Managing information at linguistic interfaces. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 160-166. [PDF, 635KB]

(1998) Munpyo Hong: Multiple-subject constructions in the multilingual MT-system CAT2. Machine translation and the information soup: third conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, AMTA '98, Langhorne, PA,USA, October 1998; ed. David Farwell, Laurie Gerber, Eduard Hovy (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1998); pp.174-186. [go to publisher details]

(1998) Hideki Mima, Hitoshi Iida, & Osamu Furuse: Simultaneous interpretation utilizing example-based incremental transfer. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 855-861. [PDF, 643KB]

 (1998) Norbert Reithinger & Michael Kipp: Large scale dialogue annotation in Verbmobil. Proceedings of the Workshop on "Recent Advances in Corpus Annotation" at the 10th European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information (ESSLLI-98), Saarbrücken, 1998; 6pp. [PDF, 289KB]

(1998) Carolyn Penstein Rosé & Lori S.Levin: An interactive domain independent approach to robust dialogue interpretation. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 1129-1135. [PDF, 691KB]

(1998) Yamamoto Kazuhide & Sumita Eiichiro: Feasibility study for ellipsis resolution in dialogues by machine-learning technique. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 1428-1435. [PDF, 709KB]

(1997) Jan Alexandersson, Norbert Reithinger, & Elisabeth Maier: Insights into the dialogue processing of VERBMOBIL.  Fifth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 31 March – 3 April 1997, Washington Marriott Hotel, Washington, DC, USA;  pp.33-40. [PDF, 2136KB]

(1997) Jae-won Lee, Gil Chang Kim, & Jungyun Seo: A dialogue analysis model with statistical speech act processing for dialogue machine translation.  Spoken Language Translation: proceedings of a workshop… ed. Steven Krauwer, Doug Arnold, Walter Kasper, Manny Rayner, Harold Somers, 11 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain; pp. 10-15. [PDF, 481KB]

(1997) Young-Suk Lee, Clifford Weinstein, Dinesh Tummala, Linda Kukolich, & Stephanie Seneff: Simplification of nomenclature leads to an ideal IL for human language communication. Proceedings of the AMTA/SIG-IL First Workshop on Interlinguas, October 28, 1997, San Diego, CA, USA; pp. 71-72. [PDF, 86KB]

(1997) Hideki Mima, Osamu Furuse, Yumi Wakita, & Hitoshi Iida: Multi-lingual spoken dialog translation system using transfer-driven machine translation. MT Summit VI. Machine Translation: Past, Present, Future.  Proceedings, 29 October – 1 November 1997, San Diego, California, USA; pp. 148-155 [PDF, 198KB]

(1997) Hideki Mima, Osamu Furuse, & Hotoshi Iida: A situation-based approach to spoken dialog translation between different social roles. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.176-183. [PDF, 197KB]

(1997) Birte Schmitz: Eliminating traces of spoken language production in automatic dialogue interpreting. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.184-191. [PDF, 152KB]

(1997) Mark Seligman: Six issues in speech translation. Spoken Language Translation: proceedings of a workshop… ed. Steven Krauwer, Doug Arnold, Walter Kasper, Manny Rayner, Harold Somers, 11 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain; pp. 83-91. [PDF, 614KB]

 (1997) Maite Taboada: Improving translation through contextual information. ACL-EACL-1997: 35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference, 7-12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp. 510-512. [PDF, 261KB]

(1996) Christian Boitet & Mutsuko Tomokiyo: Theory and practice of ambiguity labelling with a view to interactive disambiguation in text and speech MT. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 119-124. [PDF, 637KB]

(1996) Johan Bos, Björn Gambäck, Christian Lieske, Yoshiki Mori, Manfred Pinkal, & Karsten Worm: Compositional semantics in Verbmobil. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 131-136. [PDF, 511KB]

(1996) Michael Dorna & Martin C.Emele: Semantic-based transfer. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 316-321. [PDF, 645KB]

(1996) Alon Lavie, Lori Levin, Yan Qu, Alex Waibel, Donna Gates, Marsal Gavaldà, Laura Mayfield, & Maite Taboada: Dialogue processing in a conversational speech translation system. Proceedings of ICSLP-1996, Philadelphia, PA, October 1996; 4pp. [PDF, 106KB]

(1995) Jan Alexandersson, Elisabeth Maier, & Norbert Reithinger: A robust and efficient three-layered dialogue component for a speech-to-speech translation system. Seventh conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, March 27-31, 1995, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland; pp. 188-193. [PDF, 593KB]

(1995) Hitoshi Iida: Spoken dialogue translation technologies and speech translation. MT Summit V Proceedings, Luxembourg, July 10-13, 1995; 1p. [abstract only] [PDF, 88KB]

(1995) L.J. Mayfield, M. Gavalda, Y-H. Seo, B. Suhm, W. Ward, & A. Waibel: Concept-based parsing for speech translation. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.196-205. [PDF, 179KB]

(1995) Tsuyoshi Morimoto: [review of] Verbmobil: a translation system for face-to-face dialog [by] Martin Kay et al. (CSLI, 1994). Computational Linguistics 21 (2), pp. 272-273 [PDF, 303KB]

(1995) J. Joachim Quantz, Uwe Kuessner, & Manfred Gehrke: Domain modeling for machine translation. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.115-122. [PDF, 156KB]

(1995) Birte Schmitz & J. Joachim Quantz: Dialogue acts in automatic dialogue interpreting. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.33-47. [PDF, 228KB]

(1995) Wolfgang Wahlster: Verbmobil: towards a DRT-based translation of spontaneous negotiation dialogues. MT Summit V Proceedings, Luxembourg, July 10-13, 1995; 1p. [abstract only] [PDF, 29KB]

(1994) Birgit Apfelbaum & Cecilia Wadensjö: How does a Verbmobil affect conversation? Discourse analysis and machine-supported translatory interaction. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.93-122.

(1994) Christian Boitet: Dialogue-Based MT and self-explaining documents as an alternative to MAHT and MT of controlled languages. International conference “Machine translation: ten years on” Proceedings ... held at Cranfield University, England, 12-14 November 1994 (Cranfield University Press, 1998) [PDF, 164KB]

(1994) Susanne Heizmann: Human strategies in translation and interpretation - What MT can learn from translators. International conference “Machine translation: ten years on” Proceedings ... held at Cranfield University, England, 12-14 November 1994 (Cranfield University Press, 1998) [PDF, 452KB]

(1994) Susanne Jekat: Automatic interpreting of dialogue acts. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.145-155.

(1994) Susann LuperFoy: Discourse processing for voice-to-voice machine translation. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.223-250.

(1994) Scott McGlashan: The role of semantics in spoken dialogue translation systems. International conference “Machine translation: ten years on” Proceedings ... held at Cranfield University, England, 12-14 November 1994 (Cranfield University Press, 1998) [PDF, 814KB]

(1994) Birte Prahl & Susanne Petzolt: Translation problems and translation strategies involved in human and machine translation: empirical studies. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.123-144.

(1994) Birte Schmitz: The translation objective in automatic dialogue interpreting. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.193-210.

(1994) Yasuhiro Sobashima, Osamu Furuse, Susumu Akamine, Jun Kawai, & Hitoshi Iida: A bidirectional, transfer-driven machine translation system for spoken dialogues. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 64-68. [PDF, 403KB]

(1993) Norman M.Fraser: The SUNDIAL speech understanding and dialogue project: results and implications for translation.  Machine Translation Today: Translating and the Computer 15. Papers presented at a conference… 18-19 November 1993, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1993); pp.165-179. [PDF, 105KB]

(1993) Tsuyoshi Morimoto & Akira Kurematsu: Automatic speech translation at ATR MT Summit IV: International Cooperation for Global Communication. Proceedings, July 20-22, 1993, Kobe, Japan; pp.83-96 [PDF, 305KB]

(1993) Wolfgang Wahlster: Verbmobil: translation of face-to-face dialogs MT Summit IV: International Cooperation for Global Communication. Proceedings, July 20-22, 1993, Kobe, Japan; pp.127-135 [PDF, 208KB]

(1992) Hiyan Alshawi, David Carter, Steve Pulman, Manny Rayner, & Björn Gambäck: English-Swedish translation [of] dialogue software. Translating and the Computer 14: Quality Standards and the Implementation of Technology in Translation. Papers presented at a conference… 10-11 November 1992, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1992); pp.165-174. [PDF, 73KB]

(1992) Osamu Furuse & Hitoshi Iida: Cooperation between transfer and analysis in example-based framework. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 645-651. [PDF, 440KB]

 (1992) Osamu Furuse & Hitoshi Iida: Transfer-driven machine translation. International Workshop on Fundamental Research for the Future Generation of Natural Language Processing (FGNLP): Proceedings, 30-31 July 1992, Hotel Dominion, Manchester; Sofia Ananiadou, editor (Centre for Computational Linguistics, UMIST); pp.95-111. [PDF, 178KB]

(1992) Masami Suzuki: A method of utilizing domain and language specific constraints in dialogue translation. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 756-762. [PDF, 467KB]

(1991) Hiroaki Kitano: Φ DM Dialog: an experimental speech-to-speech dialog translation system. Computer, vol.24, no.6, June 1991; pp. 36-50. [abstract] [PDF, 72KB]

(1990) Hiyan Alshawi & David Carter: Interactive translation using quasi logical forms. Proceedings of a Workshop on Machine Translation, 2-3 July 1990, UMIST, Manchester, ed.J.McNaught; 15pp. [PDF, 118KB]

(1990) William J.Black: Running a robust dialogue system. Proceedings of a Workshop on Machine Translation, 2-3 July 1990, UMIST, Manchester, ed.J.McNaught; 9pp. [PDF, 52KB]; [abstract in Rapportage]

(1990) Christian Boitet: Towards personal MT: general design, dialogue structure, potential role of speech. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 30-35. [PDF, 701KB]

(1990) Hitoshi Iida, Takayuki Yamaoka, & Hidekazu Arita: Three typed pragmatics for dialogue structure analysis. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 370-372. [PDF, 374KB]

(1990) Kiyoshi Kogure, Masako Kume, & Hitoshi Iida: Illocutionary act based translation of dialogues. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.47-55. [PDF, 161KB] 

(1990) Ikuo Kudo: Local cohesive knowledge for a dialogue-machine translation system. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 391-393. [PDF, 297KB]

(1990) Harold L.Somers, Jun-ichi Tsujii, & Danny Jones: Machine translation without a source text. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 271-276. [PDF, 611KB]

(1990) Yoshihiro Ueda & Kiyoshi Kogure: Generation for dialogue translation using typed feature structure unification. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.1, pp. 64-66. [PDF, 270KB]

Discourse representation

(1999) Hideki Tanaka & Akio Yokoo: An efficient statistical speech act type tagging system for speech translation systems. ACL-1999: 37th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 20-26 June 1999, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA; pp.381-388. [PDF, 746KB]

(1998) Jan Alexandersson & Peter Poller: Towards multilingual protocol generation for spontaneous speech dialogues. Ninth International workshop on Natural Language Generation,  Proceedings, 5-7 August 1998, Niagra-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada; pp. 198-207. [PDF, 822KB]

(1998) Munpyo Hong: Multiple-subject constructions in the multilingual MT-system CAT2. Machine translation and the information soup: third conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, AMTA '98, Langhorne, PA,USA, October 1998; ed. David Farwell, Laurie Gerber, Eduard Hovy (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1998); pp.174-186. [go to publisher details]

(1998) Mari Broman Olsen, Bonnie J. Dorr, & Scott C. Thomas: Enhancing automatic acquisition of the thematic structure in a large-scale lexicon for Mandarin Chinese. Machine translation and the information soup: third conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, AMTA '98, Langhorne, PA,USA, October 1998; ed. David Farwell, Laurie Gerber, Eduard Hovy (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1998); pp.41-50. [go to publisher details]

(1997) Karin Harbusch: How to solve the conflict of structure-preserving translation and fluent text production. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.87-94. [PDF, 509KB]

(1997) Eduard Hovy & Laurie Gerber: MT at the paragraph level: improving English synthesis in SYSTRAN. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.47-54. [PDF, 211KB]

(1997) Susann Luperfoy & Keith Miller: The use of pegs computational discourse framework as an interlingua representation.  Proceedings of the AMTA/SIG-IL First Workshop on Interlinguas, October 28, 1997, San Diego, CA, USA; pp. 73-80. [PDF,  165KB]

(1997) Shiho Ogino & Tetsuya Nasukawa: Generating natural sentences by using shallow discourse information. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.39-46. [PDF, 173KB]

(1997) Manfred Stede & Birte Schmitz: Discourse particles and routine formulas in spoken language translation.  Spoken Language Translation: proceedings of a workshop… ed. Steven Krauwer, Doug Arnold, Walter Kasper, Manny Rayner, Harold Somers, 11 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain; pp. 3-9. [PDF, 599KB]

(1996) Johan Bos, Björn Gambäck, Christian Lieske, Yoshiki Mori, Manfred Pinkal, & Karsten Worm: Compositional semantics in Verbmobil. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 131-136. [PDF, 511KB]

 (1996) Dieter Huber: Towards computer-aided interpretation: state of the art, limitations and future directions [abstract]. In: Unity in diversity? International translation studies conference, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland, 9-11 May 1996; p.49. [PDF, 17KB]

(1996) Yoshiki Mori: Multiple discourse relations at the sentential level for Japanese. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 788-793. [PDF, 523KB]

(1996) Yan Qu, Carolyn P. Rosé, & Barbara Di  Eugenio: Using discourse predictions for ambiguity resolution. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 358-363. [PDF, 584KB]

(1996) Eric M. Visser & Masaru Fuji: Using sentence connectors for evaluating MT output. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 1066-1069. [PDF, 411KB]

(1995) Lori Levin, Oren Glickman, Yan Qu, Carolyn P. Rose, Donna Gates, Alon Lavie, Alex Waibel, & Carol Van Ess-Dykema: Using context in machine translation of spoken language. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.173-187. [PDF, 304KB]

 (1995) Małgorzata E.Styś & Stefan S.Zemke: Incorporating discourse aspects in English-Polish MT. In: Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: selected papers from RANLP ’95, ed. Ruslan Mitkov & Nicolas Nikolov, John Benjamins Publ.Co.: Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 1997; pp.213-223. [PDF, 241KB]

(1994) Birgit Apfelbaum & Cecilia Wadensjö: How does a Verbmobil affect conversation? Discourse analysis and machine-supported translatory interaction. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.93-122.

(1994) Tim Cornish, Kimikazu Fujita, & Ryochi Sugimura: Towards machine translation using contextual information. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 51-56. [PDF, 468KB]

(1994) Monika Doherty: Textual garden paths – parametrized obstacles to target language adequate translations. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.69-89.

(1994) Heidrun Gerzymisch-Arbogast: Translating cultural specifics: macro- and microstructural decisions. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.51-67.

(1994) Susann LuperFoy: Discourse processing for voice-to-voice machine translation. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.223-250.

(1994) Ruslan Mitkov & Johann Haller: Machine translation, ten years on: Discourse has yet to make a breakthrough. International conference “Machine translation: ten years on” Proceedings ... held at Cranfield University, England, 12-14 November 1994 (Cranfield University Press, 1998) [PDF, 138KB]

(1994) Christiane Nord: The importance of functional markers in (human) translation. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.35-50.

(1994) Ralf Steinberger: Treating ‘free word order’ in machine translation. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 69-75. [PDF, 526KB]

(1993) Chinatsu Aone & Douglas McKee: A language-independent anaphora resolution system for understanding multilingual texts. 31st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 22-26 June 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; pp.156-163. [PDF, 624KB]

(1993) Judy Delin, Donia Scott, & Tony Hartley: Knowledge, intention, rhetoric: levels of variation in multilingual instructions. [ACL 1993] Intentionality and Structure in Discourse Relations: proceedings of a workshop, ed. Owen Rambow, 21 June 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; pp.7-10. [PDF, 245KB]

(1993) Ruslan Mitkov: How could rhetorical relations be used in machine translation? (and at least two open questions). [ACL 1993] Intentionality and Structure in Discourse Relations: proceedings of a workshop, ed. Owen Rambow, 21 June 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; pp.86-89. [PDF, 275KB]

(1993) Tetsuya Nasukawa: Discourse constraint in computer manuals. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 183-194. [PDF, 271KB]

(1993) Dietmar Rösner: Intentions, rhetoric, or discourse relations? – a case from multilingual document generation. [ACL 1993] Intentionality and Structure in Discourse Relations: proceedings of a workshop, ed. Owen Rambow, 21 June 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; pp.106-109. [PDF, 201KB]

(1992) Karin Haenelt: Towards a quality improvement in machine translation: modelling discourse structure and including discourse development in the determination of translation equivalents. Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.205-212. [PDF, 231KB]

(1991) James Barnett, Inderjeet Mani, Elaine Rich, Chinatsu Aone, Kevin Knight, & Juan Carlos Martinez: Capturing language-specific semantic distinctions in interlingua-based MT.  MT Summit III.  Proceedings, July 1-4, 1991, Washington, DC, USA; pp. 25-32 [PDF, 233KB] [Revised reprint in: Sergei Nirenburg (ed.) Progress in machine translation (Amsterdam, Oxford, Washington, DC: IOS Press; Tokyo: Ohmsha, 1993), pp. 67-77]

(1991) John Laffling: Towards high-precision machine translation, based on contrastive textology. Berlin, New York: Foris Publications, 1991. xiii, 178pp. (Distributed Language Translation, 7). Contents.

(1990) Doug Arnold: Rapportage from the discussion group ‘Discourse and linguistics for MT’. Proceedings of a Workshop on Machine Translation, 2-3 July 1990, UMIST, Manchester, ed.J.McNaught; 4pp. [PDF, 22KB]

(1990) Christine Defrise & Sergei Nirenburg: Meaning representation and text planning. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 219-224. [PDF, 725KB]

(1990) Shalom Lappin & Michael McCord: A syntactic filter on pronominal anaphora for slot grammar. 28th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 6-9 June 1990, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA; pp.135-142. [PDF, 437KB]

(1990) Karen Sparck Jones: Large-scale discourse structures and machine translation. Proceedings of a Workshop on Machine Translation, 2-3 July 1990, UMIST, Manchester, ed.J.McNaught; 5pp. [PDF, 45KB]; [abstract in Rapportage]

(1990) Hajime Wada: Discourse processing in MT: problems in pronominal translation. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.1, pp. 73-75. [PDF, 332KB]

Ellipsis

(1998) Yamamoto Kazuhide & Sumita Eiichiro: Feasibility study for ellipsis resolution in dialogues by machine-learning technique. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 1428-1435. [PDF, 709KB]

(1997) Young-Suk Lee, Clifford Weinstein, Stephanie Seneff, & Dinesh Tummala: Ambiguity resolution for machine translation of telegraphic messages. ACL-EACL-1997: 35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference, 7-12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp. 120-127. [PDF, 641KB]

Generalised Phrase Structure Grammar

(1994) Wilhelm Weisweber: The experimental MT system of the project KIT-FAST. International conference “Machine translation: ten years on” Proceedings ... held at Cranfield University, England, 12-14 November 1994 (Cranfield University Press, 1998) [PDF, 874KB]

(1992) Wilhelm Weisweber: Term-rewriting as a basis for a uniform architecture in machine translation. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 777-783. [PDF, 572KB]

(1991) Stephan Busemann: Structure-driven generation from separate semantic representations. Fifth conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 9-11 April 1991, Congress Hall, Alexanderplatz, Berlin, Germany; pp. 113-118. [PDF, 580KB]

(1990) Barbara Gawrońska-Werngren: “Translation great problem” – on the problem of inserting articles when translating from Russian into Swedish. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.2, pp. 133-138. [PDF, 506KB]

Grammar formalisms see also: Case grammar, Context-free grammar, Definite Clause Grammar, Fulcrum approach, Generalised Phrase Structure Grammar, Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar,  Left Associative Grammar, Lexical Functional Grammar, Meaning-text model, Montague grammar, Principles and parameters, Stratificational grammar, Transduction grammars, Transformational-generative grammar, Tree Adjoining Grammar, Unification grammar

(1998) Johan Bos, C.J.Rupp, Bianka Buschbeck-Wolf, & Michael Dorna: Managing information at linguistic interfaces. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 160-166. [PDF, 635KB]

(1996) Michael Dorna & Martin C.Emele: Efficient implementation of a semantic-based transfer approach. ECAI96: 12th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Budapest, Hungary, August 11-16, 1996, ed. Wolfgang Wahlster (Chichester: Wiley, 1996); pp.567-571. [PDF, 81KB]

(1996) Koichi Takeda: Pattern-based context-free grammars for machine translation. 34th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 24-27 June 1996, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, USA; pp. 144-176. [PDF, 769KB]

(1994) Makoto Nagao: Varieties of heuristics in sentence parsing.  In: Current issues in computational linguistics: in honour of Don Walker, ed. Antonio Zampolli, Nicoletta Calzolari, Martha Palmer (Linguistica Computazionale, vol. 9-10); Pisa: Giradini Editori; Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Press, [1994]; pp.513-523. [PDF, 107KB]

(1993) Doug Arnold, Toni Badia, Josef van Genabith, Stella Markantonatou, Stefan Momma, Louisa Sadler, & Paul Schmidt: Experiments in reusability of grammatical resources. Sixth conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 21-23 April 1993, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; pp. 12-20. [PDF, 859KB]

(1992) Andrew Joscelyne: John Chandioux’s GramR. Language Industry Monitor, issue no.7, January-February 1992; pp.2-3. [PDF, 97KB]

(1992) Randall Sharp & Oliver Streiter: Simplifying the complexity of machine translation. Meta 37 (4), décembre 1992; pp.681-692. [note]

(1991) Tomek Strzalkowski: A general computational method for grammar inversion. [ACL 1991] Reversible Grammar in Natural Language Processing: proceedings of a workshop, ed. Tomek Strzalkowski, 17 June 1991, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; pp.91-99. [PDF, 782KB]

(1991) Henry S.Thompson: Generation and translation – towards a formalism-independent characterisation. [ACL 1991] Reversible Grammar in Natural Language Processing: proceedings of a workshop, ed. Tomek Strzalkowski, 17 June 1991, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; pp.53-60. [PDF, 596KB]

(1990) Paul Bennett & Jacques Durand: The work of the EUROTRA linguistic specifications group [abstract]. Proceedings of a Workshop on Machine Translation, 2-3 July 1990, UMIST, Manchester, ed.J.McNaught; 1p. [PDF, 12KB]

(1990) Ian Crookston: The E-framework: emerging problems. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.2, pp. 66-71. [PDF, 361KB]

(1990) Ian Crookston: Generation for MT in English in Eurotra. Proceedings of a Workshop on Machine Translation, 2-3 July 1990, UMIST, Manchester, ed.J.McNaught; 10pp. [PDF, 86KB]

(1990) Louisa Sadler: Codescription and transfer. Proceedings of a Workshop on Machine Translation, 2-3 July 1990, UMIST, Manchester, ed.J.McNaught; 7pp. [PDF, 28KB]

Grammars and grammar acquisition

(1999) Sergio Barrachina & Juan Miguel Vilar: Automatically deriving categories for translation. Sixth European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (Eurospeech ’99), Budapest, Hungary, September 5-9, 1999; pp.2415-2418; abstract [PDF, 48KB]

(1999) Anette Frank: From parallel grammar development towards machine translation – a project overview.  Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp.134-142. [PDF, 263KB]

(1999) Satoru Ikehara, Shinnji Nakai, & Jin’ichi Murakami: Automatic generation of semantic dependency rules for Japanese noun phrases with particles “no”.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 55-65 [PDF, 270KB]

(1999) Norbert Reithinger: Robust information extraction in a speech translation system. Sixth European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (Eurospeech ’99), Budapest, Hungary, September 5-9, 1999; pp.2427-2430; abstract [PDF, 47KB]

(1999) Rémi Zajac: A multilevel framework for incremental development of MT systems. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 646-653. [PDF, 172KB]

(1998) Seungmi Lee & Key-Sun Choi: Automatic acquisition of language model based on head-dependent relation between words. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 723-727. [PDF, 402KB]

(1997) Hiroshi Echizen-ya, Kenji Araki, Yoshikazu Miyanaga & Koji Tochinai: An improvement in the selection process of machine translation using inductive learning with genetic algorithms.  Fifth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Description of system demonstrations and videos , 31 March – 3 April 1997, Washington Marriott Hotel, Washington, DC, USA;  pp.11-12. [PDF, 163KB]

(1997) Michael Gamon, Carmen Lozano, Jessie Pinkham, & Tom Reutter: Practical experience with grammar sharing in multilingual NLP.  From research to commercial applications: making NLP work in practice. Proceedings of a workshop [at ACL-EACL-1997] ed. by Jill Burstein and Claudia Leacock, 12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp.49-56. [PDF, 1046KB]

(1997) Hiromi Nakaiwa: Automatic extraction of rules for anaphora resolution of Japanese zero pronouns from aligned sentence pairs.  Operational factors in practical, robust anlphora resolution for unrestricted texts. Proceedings of a workshop [at ACL-EACL-1997] ed. by Ruslan Mitkov and Branimir Boguraev, 11 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp.22-29. [PDF, 724KB]

(1996) Ilyas Cicekli & H.Altay Güvenir: Learning translation rules from a bilingual corpus. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on New Methods in Language Processing (NeMLaP-2), Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey, 16-18 September 1996; pp.90-97.  [PDF, 146KB]

 (1995) Yuji Matsumoto & Mihoko Kitamura: Acquisition of translation rules from parallel corpora.  In: Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: selected papers from RANLP ’95, ed. Ruslan Mitkov & Nicolas Nikolov, John Benjamins Publ.Co.: Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 1997; pp.405-416. [PDF, 270KB]

(1995) Dekai Wu: Trainable coarse bilingual grammars for parallel text bracketing. Third workshop on Very Large Corpora. Proceedings ed. David Yarowsky and Kenneth Church, 30 June 1995, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; pp.69-81. [PDF, 740KB]

(1994) Hussein Almuallim, Yasuhiro Akiba, Takefumi Yamazaki, Akio Yokoo, & Shigeo Kaneda: Two methods for learning ALT-J/E translation rules from examples and a semantic hierarchy.  Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 57-63. [PDF, 529KB]

(1994) Hideki Tanaka: Verbal case frame acquisition from a bilingual corpus: gradual knowledge acquisition. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 727-731. [PDF, 391KB]

(1993) Chinatsu Aone & Douglas McKee: Acquiring predicate-argument mapping information from multilingual texts. [ACL 1993] Acquisition of Lexical Knowledge from Text: proceedings of a workshop, ed. Branimir Boguraev and James Pustejovsky, 21 June 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; pp.107-117. [PDF, 532KB]

(1992) Makoto Nagao: Are the grammars so far developed appropriate to recognize the real structure of a sentence? Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.127-137. [PDF, 168KB]

(1992) Jun-ichi Tsujii, Sofia Ananiadou, Iris Arad, & Satoshi Sekine: Linguistic knowledge acquisition from corpora. International Workshop on Fundamental Research for the Future Generation of Natural Language Processing (FGNLP): Proceedings, 30-31 July 1992, Hotel Dominion, Manchester; Sofia Ananiadou, editor (Centre for Computational Linguistics, UMIST); pp.61-81. [PDF, 121KB]

Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar

(1998) Tilman Becker, Wolfgang Finkler, Anne Kilger, & Peter Poller: An efficient kernel for multilingual generation in speech-to-speech dialogue translation. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 110-116. [PDF, 664KB]

(1995) Jan W. Amtrup: Chart-based incremental transfer in machine translation. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.188-195 [PDF, 198KB]

(1995) Ann Copestake, Dan Flickinger, Rob Malouf, Susanne Riehemann,& Ivan Sag: Translation using minimal recursion semantics. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.15-32. [PDF, 288KB]

(1995) Oliver Streiter & Antje Schmidt-Wigger: Patterns of derivation. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.256-272.[PDF, 330KB]

(1995) Frank Van Eynde: A sign-based approach to the translation of temporal expressions. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.67-86. [PDF, 855KB]

(1994) Dirk Heylen, Kerry G. Maxwell, & Marc Verhagen: Lexical functions and machine translation. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 1240-1244. [PDF, 447KB]

(1994) Atle Ro: Interlanguage signs and lexical transfer errors. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 134-137. [PDF, 294KB]

(1993) Ulrich Heid: Relating parallel monolingual lexicon fragments for translation purposes. In: Machine translation and the lexicon: Third international EAMT workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28 1993, Proceedings (Berlin: Springer, 1995); pp.231-251. [abstract]

(1993) Hans-Ulrich Krieger: Typed feature formalisms as a common basis for linguistic specification. In: Machine translation and the lexicon: Third international EAMT workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28 1993, Proceedings (Berlin: Springer, 1995); pp.101-119. [abstract]

(1992) Graham Russell, Afzal Ballim, John Carroll, & Susan Warwick-Armstrong: A practical approach to multiple default inheritance for unification-based lexicons. Computational Linguistics 18 (3), pp. 311-337 [PDF, 1820KB]

Homonyms, homographs and homophones (see also Word sense disambiguation)

(1990) Xiuming Huang: A machine translation system for the target language inexpert. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 364-367. [PDF, 359KB]

Honorifics

(1997) Keiko Horiguchi: Towards translating spoken language pragmatics in an analogical framework. Spoken Language Translation: proceedings of a workshop… ed. Steven Krauwer, Doug Arnold, Walter Kasper, Manny Rayner, Harold Somers, 11 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain; pp. 16-23. [PDF, 828KB]

(1997) Hideki Mima, Osamu Furuse, & Hotoshi Iida: A situation-based approach to spoken dialog translation between different social roles. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.176-183. [PDF, 197KB]

Idioms

(1999) Byong-Rae Ryu, Youngkil Kim, Sanghwa Yuh & Sangkyu Park: FromTo K/E: a Korean-English machine translation system based on idiom recognition and fail softening. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 469-475. [PDF, 235KB]

(1998) Archibald Michiels & Nicolas Dufour: DEFI, a tool for automatic multi-word unit recognition, meaning assignment and translation selection. First International Conference on Language Resources & Evaluation, Granada, Spain, 28-30 May 1998. Proceedings ed. Antonio Rubio, Natividad Gallardo, Rosa Castro and Antonio Tejada; pp.1179-1186. [PDF, 72KB]

(1998) Eric Wehrli: Translating idioms. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 1388-1392. [PDF, 371KB]

(1996) Claude Bédard: Juggling with words: some insights from the human translation process. Expanding MT horizons: Proceedings of the Second Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, 2-5 October 1996, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Washington, DC: AMTA); pp.24-33 [PDF, 160KB]

(1993) Hagyu Lee & Yung Taek Kim: An idiom-based approach to machine translation. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 168-182. [PDF, 466KB]

(1990) Diana Santos: Lexical gaps and idioms in machine translation. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.2, pp. 330-335. [PDF, 583KB]

Instructions

(1996) Anthony Hartley & Cécile Paris: Two sources of control over the generation of software instructions. 34th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 24-27 June 1996, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, USA; pp. 192-199. [PDF, 695KB]

(1994) Judy Delin, Anthony Hartley, Cécile Paris, Donia Scott, & Keith Vander Linden: Expressing procedural relationships in multilingual instructions. Seventh international workshop on Natural Language Generation, Proceedings, June 21-24, 1994, Nonantun Inn, Kennebunkport, Maine; pp. 61-70. [PDF, 904KB]

(1994) Cécile Paris & Donia Scott: Stylistic variation in multilingual instructions. Seventh international workshop on Natural Language Generation, Proceedings, June 21-24, 1994, Nonantun Inn, Kennebunkport, Maine; pp. 45-52. [PDF, 798KB]

(1994) Dietmar Rösner & Manfred Stede: TECHDOC: multilingual generation of online and offline instructional text.  Fourth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 13-15 October 1994, Stuttgart, Germany;  pp.209-210. [PDF, 207KB]

(1993) Judy Delin, Donia Scott, & Tony Hartley: Knowledge, intention, rhetoric: levels of variation in multilingual instructions. [ACL 1993] Intentionality and Structure in Discourse Relations: proceedings of a workshop, ed. Owen Rambow, 21 June 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; pp.7-10. [PDF, 245KB]

Interpretation and MT (see also Spoken language translation, and Human translation and MT )

 (1999) Daniel Glon: Computer-assisted interpretation. Language International 11 (4), August 1999; pp.25-26. [PDF, 110KB]

(1998) Dan Loehr: Can simultaneous interpretation help machine translation? Machine translation and the information soup: third conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, AMTA '98, Langhorne, PA,USA, October 1998; ed. David Farwell, Laurie Gerber, Eduard Hovy (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1998); pp.213-224. [go to publisher details]

 (1996) Dieter Huber: Towards computer-aided interpretation: state of the art, limitations and future directions [abstract]. In: Unity in diversity? International translation studies conference, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland, 9-11 May 1996; p.49. [PDF, 17KB]

(1994) Susanne Heizmann: Human strategies in translation and interpretation - What MT can learn from translators. International conference “Machine translation: ten years on” Proceedings ... held at Cranfield University, England, 12-14 November 1994 (Cranfield University Press, 1998) [PDF, 452KB]

(1994) Hans G.Hönig: Using text mappings in teaching consecutive interpreting. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.19-34.

(1994) Susanne Jekat: Automatic interpreting of dialogue acts. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.145-155.

(1994) Barbara Moser-Mercer: Process models in simultaneous interpretation. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.3-17.

(1994) Birte Schmitz: The translation objective in automatic dialogue interpreting. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.193-210.

Language identification

(1999) Yevgeny Ludovik & Ron Zacharski: Multilingual document language recognition for creating corpora. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 317-323. [PDF, 184KB]

(1999) Philip Resnik: Mining the web for bilingual text. ACL-1999: 37th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 20-26 June 1999, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA; pp.527-534. [PDF, 737KB]

(1998) David Elworthy: Language identification with confidence limits. Coling-ACL’98: Sixth workshop on Very Large Corpora. Proceedings ed. Eugene Charniak, 15th-16th August 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp.94-101. [PDF, 646KB]

(1998) L.F.Lamel, G.Adda, M.Adda-Decker, C.Corredor-Ardoy, J.J.Gangolf, & J.L.Gauvain: A multilingual corpus for language identification. First International Conference on Language Resources & Evaluation, Granada, Spain, 28-30 May 1998. Proceedings ed. Antonio Rubio, Natividad Gallardo, Rosa Castro and Antonio Tejada; pp.1115-1122. [PDF, 76KB]

(1998) Florence Reeder: Trainer beware: corpora for language/encoding identification. First International Conference on Language Resources & E valuation, Granada, Spain, 28-30 May 1998. Proceedings ed. Antonio Rubio, Natividad Gallardo, Rosa Castro and Antonio Tejada; pp.1247-1250. [PDF, 45KB]

(1997) Gary Adams & Philip Resnik: A language identification application built on the Java client/server platform.  From research to commercial applications: making NLP work in practice. Proceedings of a workshop [at ACL-EACL-1997] ed. by Jill Burstein and Claudia Leacock, 12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp.43-48. [PDF, 466KB]

(1996) Gen-itiro Kikui: Identifying the coding system and language of on-line documents on the Internet. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 1061-1065. [PDF, 516KB]

Language universals

(1998) Sergei Nirenburg: Project Boas: “a linguist in the box” as a multi-purpose language resource. First International Conference on Language Resources & Evaluation, Granada, Spain, 28-30 May 1998. Proceedings ed. Antonio Rubio, Natividad Gallardo, Rosa Castro and Antonio Tejada; pp.739-746. [PDF, 141KB]

Lexical Functional Grammar

(1999) Anette Frank: From parallel grammar development towards machine translation – a project overview.  Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp.134-142. [PDF, 263KB]

(1999) Andy Way: A hybrid architecture for robust MT using LFG-DOP. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, vol. 11, pp.441-471. [PDF, 2786KB]

(1998) Michael Dorna, Anette Frank, Josef van Genabith, & Martin C. Emele: Syntactic and semantic transfer with F-structures. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 341-347. [PDF, 579KB]

(1998) Martin C. Emele & Michael Dorna: Ambiguity preserving machine translation using packed representations. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 365-371. [PDF, 639KB]

(1997) J.Gabriel Amores & José F.Quesada: Machine translation with Episteme: linguistic knowledge representation, computational efficiency and formal properties. In: Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: selected papers from RANLP ’97, ed. Nicolas Nikolov, John Benjamins Publ.Co.: Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 2000; pp.315-326. [PDF, 276KB]

(1995) Ye-Yi Wang & Alex Waibel: Connectionist  f-structure transfer. In: Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: selected papers from RANLP ’95, ed. Ruslan Mitkov & Nicolas Nikolov, John Benjamins Publ.Co.: Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 1997; pp.393-404. [PDF, 304KB]

(1993) Ronald M.Kaplan & Jürgen Wedekind: Restriction and correspondence-based translation. Sixth conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 21-23 April 1993, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; pp. 193-202. [PDF, 751KB]

(1992) Doug Arnold & Louisa Sadler: Rationalism and the treatment of referential dependencies Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.195-204. [PDF, 198KB]

(1992) Kurt Eberle, Walter Kasper, & Christian Rohrer: Contextual constraints for MT Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.213-224. [PDF, 207KB]

(1992) Louisa Sadler: Rule-based translation as constraint resolution. International Workshop on Fundamental Research for the Future Generation of Natural Language Processing (FGNLP): Proceedings, 30-31 July 1992, Hotel Dominion, Manchester; Sofia Ananiadou, editor (Centre for Computational Linguistics, UMIST); pp.1-21. [PDF, 180KB]

(1992) Louisa Sadler & Doug Arnold: A constraint-based approach to translating anaphoric dependencies. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 728- 734. [PDF, 400KB]

 (1992) ECS – MT using LFG. Language International 4 (4), 1992; p.31. [PDF, 56KB]

(1991) Graham Russell, Afzal Ballim, Dominique Estival, & Susan Warwick-Armstrong: A language for the statement of binary relations over feature structures. Fifth conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 9-11 April 1991, Congress Hall, Alexanderplatz, Berlin, Germany; pp. 287-292. [PDF, 550KB]

(1991) Louisa Sadler & Henry S.Thompson: Structural non-correspondence in translation. Fifth conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 9-11 April 1991, Congress Hall, Alexanderplatz, Berlin, Germany; pp. 293-298. [PDF, 483KB]

(1991) Jun-chi Tsujii & Kimikazu Fujita: Lexical transfer based on bilingual signs: towards interaction during transfer. Fifth conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 9-11 April 1991, Congress Hall, Alexanderplatz, Berlin, Germany; pp. 275-280. [PDF, 586KB]

(1990) Lori Levin: Syntactic theory and grammar design for machine translation. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.109-120. [PDF, 162KB]

(1990) Louisa Sadler: Codescription and transfer. Proceedings of a Workshop on Machine Translation, 2-3 July 1990, UMIST, Manchester, ed.J.McNaught; 7pp. [PDF, 28KB]

(1990) Louisa Sadler, Ian Crookston, Doug Arnold, & Andy Way: LFG and translation. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.121-130. [PDF, 158KB]

(1990) Hajime Wada: Discourse processing in MT: problems in pronominal translation. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.1, pp. 73-75. [PDF, 332KB]

Linguistics and MT

(1998) Geoffrey Sampson:  Book review: From grammar to science: new foundations for general linguistics [by] Victor H.Yngve. Computational Linguistics 24 (1), pp. 173-176 [PDF, 2326KB]

 (1995) Jun’ichi Tsujii: Machine translation: productivity and conventionality of language. In: Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: selected papers from RANLP ’95, ed. Ruslan Mitkov & Nicolas Nikolov, John Benjamins Publ.Co.: Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 1997; pp.377-392. [PDF, 406KB]

(1993) Alex Gross: MT and language – conflicting technologies? Ariadne’s endless thread. Sci-Tech Translation Journal, October 1993. 6pp. [PDF, 106KB]

(1992) Alex Gross: Limitations of computers as translation tools.  In: John Newton (ed.) Computers in translation: a practical appraisal (London: Routledge, 1992),; pp.96-130.

(1991) Jacques Durand: On evaluating MT systems.  Translating and the Computer 13: The Theory and Practice of Machine Translation – A Marriage of Convenience? Papers presented at a conference… 28-29 November 1991, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1992); pp.81-92. [PDF, 73KB]

(1990) Jan Landsbergen: can machines translate? Electric Word 18, March-April 1990; pp.16-17. [PDF, 488KB]

Locatives

(1991) Nathalie Japkowicz & Janyce M. Wiebe: A system for translating locative prepositions from English to French.  29th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 18-21 June 1991, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; pp.153-160. [PDF, 648KB]

Meaning-text model

(1997) Alexis Nasr, Owen Rambow, Martha Palmer, & Joseph Rosenzweig: Enriching lexical transfer with cross-linguistic semantic features or how to do interlingua without interlingua. Proceedings of the AMTA/SIG-IL First Workshop on Interlinguas, October 28, 1997, San Diego, CA, USA; pp. 91-98. [PDF,  202KB]

(1995) Igor Boguslavsky: A bidirectional Russian-to-English machine translation system (ETAP-3) MT Summit V Proceedings, Luxembourg, July 10-13, 1995; 2pp. [abstract only] [PDF, 87KB]

(1994) Dirk Heylen, Kerry G. Maxwell, & Marc Verhagen: Lexical functions and machine translation. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 1240-1244. [PDF, 447KB]

(1990) L. Bourbeau, D.Carcagno, E.Goldberg, R.Kittredge, & A.Polguère: Bilingual generation of weather forecasts in an operations environment.  Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 318-320. [PDF, 296KB]

(1990) Andy Way: Mel’čuk’s explanatory-combinatorial dictionary and its relevance for machine translation. Proceedings of a Workshop on Machine Translation, 2-3 July 1990, UMIST, Manchester, ed.J.McNaught; 25pp. [PDF, 105KB]

Metaphor

(1993) Makoto Nagao: What kind of information is necessary for NLP and MT? In: Building lexicons for machine translation: papers from the 1993 AAAI Spring Symposium, March 23-25, Stanford, California. (Technical report SS-93-02; Menlo Park, California: AAAI Press, 1993); pp.138-141.

Metonomy

(1992) Shin-ichiro Kamei & Takahiro Wakao: Metonomy: reassessment, survey of acceptability, and its treatment in a machine translation system. 30th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 28 June – 2 July 1992, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA; pp.309-311. [PDF, 254KB]

Minimal Recursion Semantics

(1995) Ann Copestake, Dan Flickinger, Rob Malouf, Susanne Riehemann,& Ivan Sag: Translation using minimal recursion semantics. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.15-32. [PDF, 288KB]

Minority languages

 (1999) Nicholas Ostler: Fighting words: as the world gets smaller, minority languages struggle to stake their claim. Language International 11 (2), April 1999; pp.38-39, 45. [PDF, 121KB]

(1999) Nicholas Ostler: “The limits of my language mean the limits of my world”: is machine translation a cultural threat to anyone? [extended abstract]  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 172-173 [PDF, 99KB]

(1999) Harold L. Somers: Sources of linguistic knowledge for minority languages. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 531-537. [PDF, 172KB]

(1998) Harold Somers: Language resources and minority languages. Language Today 5, February 1998; pp.20-24. [PDF, 6236KB]

 (1997) Nicholas Ostler: Information technology: a challenge for minority languages. Language International 9 (5), 1997; pp.38-40. [PDF, 126KB]

(1997) Harold L. Somers: Machine translation and minority languages. Translating and the Computer 19. Papers from the Aslib conference held on 13 & 14 November 1997 (London: Aslib, 1997); 13pp. [PDF, 175KB]

(1996) John Gareth Evans: A machine translation system for minority languages. MT News International no.15, October 1996. [PDF]

Modality

(1999) Masaki Murata, Qing Ma, Kiyotaka Uchimoto, & Hitoshi Isahara: An example-based approach to Japanese-to-English translation of tense, aspect, and modality.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 66-76 [PDF, 244KB]

(1999) Christoph Neumann: Towards an interlingual treatment of modality. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 625-632. [PDF, 187KB]

 (1995) Dong Un An, Gil Chang Kim, & Jong Hyeok Lee: Corpus-based modality generation for Korean predicates. Literary and Linguistic Computing 10 (1); pp.1-10. [PDF, 285KB]

(1994) Bengt Sigurd & Barbara Gawrónska: Modals as a problem for MT. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 120-124. [PDF, 362KB]

Montague grammar

(1995) Bonnie J. Dorr: [review of] Compositional translation [by] M.T.Rosetta (pseud.) (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1994). Computational Linguistics 21 (4), pp. 582-589 [PDF, 597KB]

Multiword expressions [see also Nouns and Noun phrases, Prepositional phrases, Verbs and verb phrases]

(1999) Kevin McTait & Arturo Trujillo: A language-neutral sparse-data algorithm for extracting translation patterns. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 98-108 [PDF, 180KB]

(1999) Kumiko Ohmori & Masanobu Higashida: Extracting bilingual collocations from non-aligned parallel corpora. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 88-97 [PDF, 243KB]

(1999) Byong-Rae Ryu, Youngkil Kim, Sanghwa Yuh & Sangkyu Park: FromTo K/E: a Korean-English machine translation system based on idiom recognition and fail softening. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 469-475. [PDF, 235KB]

(1999) Jin Yang: Towards the automatic acquisition of lexical selection rules.  Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 397-403. [PDF, 245KB]

(1998) Archibald Michiels & Nicolas Dufour: DEFI, a tool for automatic multi-word unit recognition, meaning assignment and translation selection. First International Conference on Language Resources & Evaluation, Granada, Spain, 28-30 May 1998. Proceedings ed. Antonio Rubio, Natividad Gallardo, Rosa Castro and Antonio Tejada; pp.1179-1186. [PDF, 72KB]

(1998) Evelyne Viegas, Stephen Beale, & Sergei Nirenburg: The computational lexical semantics of syntagmatic relations. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 1328-1332. [PDF, 500KB]

(1998) Eric Wehrli: Translating idioms. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 1388-1392. [PDF, 371KB]

(1997) Christoph Tillmann & Hermann Ney: Word triggers and the EM algorithm. CoNLL97: Computational Natural Language Learning: Proceedings of the 1997 meeting of the ACL special interest group in Natural Language Learning, Madrid, July 11, 1997; ed. T.Mark Ellison; pp.117-124. [PDF, 561KB]

(1996) Masahiko Haruno, Satoru Ikehara, & Takefumi Yamazaki: Learning bilingual collocations by word-level sorting. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 525-530. [PDF, 578KB]

(1996) Mihoko Kitamura & Yuji Matsumoto: Automatic extraction of word sequence correspondences in parallel corpora. Fourth workshop on Very Large Corpora. Proceedings ed. Eva Ejerhed and Ido Dagan, 4 August 1996, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; pp.79-87. [PDF, 883KB]

(1996) Frank Smadja, Kathleen R. McKeown, & Vasileios Hatzivassiloglou: Translating collocations for bilingual lexicons: a statistical approach. Computational Linguistics 22 (1), pp. 1-38 [PDF, 2763KB]

(1995) Reinhard Rapp: Identifying word translations in non-parallel texts. 33rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 26-30 June 1995, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; pp.320-322 . [PDF, 265KB]

(1994) Sophia Ananiadou & John McNaught: Terms are not alone: term choice and choice terms.  Translating and the Computer 16. Papers presented at a conference… 10-11 November 1994, Institution of Civil Engineers, London SW1 (London: Aslib, 1994); pp.14-32. [PDF, 188KB]

(1994) Barbara Gawrońska, Christer Johansson, Anders Nordner, & Caroline Willners: Interpreting compounds for machine translation. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 45-50. [PDF, 498KB]

(1994) Dirk Heylen, Kerry G. Maxwell, & Marc Verhagen: Lexical functions and machine translation. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 1240-1244. [PDF, 447KB]

(1994) Naoto Katoh & Teruaki Aizawa: Machine translation of sentences with fixed expressions. Fourth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 13-15 October 1994, Stuttgart, Germany;  pp.28-33. [PDF, 526KB]

(1994) Frank Smadja & Kathleen McKeown: Translating collocations for use in bilingual lexicons. Human Language Technology: proceedings of a workshop held at Plainsboro, New Jersey, USA, March 8-11, 1994. (San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 1994); pp.152-156. [PDF, 915KB]

(1993) Folker Caroli: Types of lexical co-occurrences: descriptive parameters. In: Machine translation and the lexicon: Third international EAMT workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28 1993, Proceedings (Berlin: Springer, 1995); pp.203-218. [abstract]

(1993) Dirk Heylen, Kerry Maxwell, & Susan Armstrong-Warwick: Collocations, dictionaries, and MT. In: Building lexicons for machine translation: papers from the 1993 AAAI Spring Symposium, March 23-25, Stanford, California. (Technical report SS-93-02; Menlo Park, California: AAAI Press, 1993); pp.75-86.

(1993) Kwangseob Shim & Yung Taek Kim: Towards a machine translation system with self-critiquing capability. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 276-291. [PDF, 560KB]

(1993) Angelika Storrer & Ulrike Schwall: Description and acquisition of multiword lexemes. In: Machine translation and the lexicon: Third international EAMT workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28 1993, Proceedings (Berlin: Springer, 1995); pp.35-50. [abstract]

(1992) Laurence Danlos & Pollet Samvelian: Translation in the predicative element of a sentence: category switiching, aspect and diathesis Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.21-34. [PDF, 168KB]

(1992) Hubert Lehmann & Nikolaus Ott: Translation relations and the combination of analytical and statistical methods in machine translation Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.237-248. [PDF, 141KB]

(1992) Satoshi Sekine, Sofia Ananiadou, Jeremy J.Carroll, & Jun’ichi Tsujii: Linguistic knowledge generator. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 560-566. [PDF, 460KB]

Names [named entities]

(1999) Silviu Cucerzan & David Yarowsky: Language independent named entity recognition combining morphological and contextual evidence. Joint SIGDAT Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and Very Large Corpora, Proceedings ed. Pascale Fung and Joe Zhou, 21-22 June 1999, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA; pp.90-99. [PDF, 987KB]

(1998) Hsin-Hsi Chen, Sheng-Jie Huang, Yung-Wei Ding, & Shih-Chung Tsai: Proper name translation in cross-language information retrieval. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 232-236. [PDF, 423KB]

(1998) Pernilla Danielsson & Katarina Mühlenbock: When Stålhandske becomes Steelglove: a corpus based study of names in parallel text. Machine translation and the information soup: third conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, AMTA '98, Langhorne, PA,USA, October 1998; ed. David Farwell, Laurie Gerber, Eduard Hovy (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1998); pp.266-274. [go to publisher details]

(1998) Bonnie Glover Stalls & Kevin Knight: Translating names and technical terms in Arabic text. Coling-ACL ’98 Computational Approaches to Semitic Languages: proceedings of the workshop, ed.Michael Rosner, 16th August 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp.34-41. [PDF, 644KB]

(1998) Svetlana Sheremetyeva, Jim Cowie, Sergei Nirenburg, & Rémi Zajac: A multilingual onomasticon as a multipurpose NLP resource. First International Conference on Language Resources & Evaluation, Granada, Spain, 28-30 May 1998. Proceedings ed. Antonio Rubio, Natividad Gallardo, Rosa Castro and Antonio Tejada; pp.255-261. [PDF, 67KB]

(1998) Hiroyuki Shinnou: Revision of morphological analysis errors through the person name construction model. Machine translation and the information soup: third conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, AMTA '98, Langhorne, PA,USA, October 1998; ed. David Farwell, Laurie Gerber, Eduard Hovy (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1998); pp.398-407. [go to publisher details]

(1998) Stephen Wan & Cornelia Maria Verspoor: Automatic English-Chinese name transliteration for development of multilingual resources. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 1352-1356. [PDF, 487KB]

(1997) Chinatsu Aone & John Maloney: Reuse of a proper noun recognition system in commercial and operational NLP applications. From research to commercial applications: making NLP work in practice. Proceedings of a workshop [at ACL-EACL-1997] ed. by Jill Burstein and Claudia Leacock, 12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp.1-5. [PDF, 489KB]

(1997) Kevin Knight & Jonathan Graehl: Machine transliteration. ACL-EACL-1997: 35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference, 7-12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp. 128-135. [PDF, 595KB]

(1997) Yumiko Yoshimura, Satoshi Kinoshita, & Miwako Shimazu: Processing of proper nouns and use of estimated subject area for web page translation. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.10-18. [PDF, 459KB]

(1997) Multilingual NameTagTM  multilingual internet surveillance system, multimedia fusion system. Fifth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Description of system demonstrations and videos, 31 March – 3 April 1997, Washington Marriott Hotel, Washington, DC, USA;  pp.31-32. [PDF, 154KB]

(1996) Don D.Anderson: The multilingual entity task: a descriptive analysis of ENAMEX in Spanish. Tipster Text Program Phase II. Proceedings of a workshop held at Vienna, Virginia, May 6-8, 1996, sponsored by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; pp. 457-459. [PDF, 657KB]

(1996) Chinatsu Aone: NameTag Japanese and Spanish systems as used for MET. Tipster Text Program Phase II. Proceedings of a workshop held at Vienna, Virginia, May 6-8, 1996, sponsored by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; pp. 463-464. [PDF, 619KB]

(1996) Damaris Ayuso, Daniel Bikel, Tasha Hall, Erik Peterson, Ralph Weischedel, & Patrick Jost: Approaches in MET (multi-lingual entity task). Tipster Text Program Phase II. Proceedings of a workshop held at Vienna, Virginia, May 6-8, 1996, sponsored by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; pp. 465-466. [PDF, 602KB]

(1996) Jim Cowie: CRL’s approach to MET. Tipster Text Program Phase II. Proceedings of a workshop held at Vienna, Virginia, May 6-8, 1996, sponsored by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; pp. 467-468. [PDF, 607KB]

(1996) Yoshio Eriguchi & Tsuyoshi Kitani: NTT data: description of the Erie system used for MUC-6. Tipster Text Program Phase II. Proceedings of a workshop held at Vienna, Virginia, May 6-8, 1996, sponsored by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; pp. 469-470. [PDF, 594KB]

(1996) Anthony F. Gallippi: Learning to recognize names across languages. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 424-429. [PDF, 650KB]

(1996) Megumi Kameyama: MET name recognition with Japanese FASTUS. Tipster Text Program Phase II. Proceedings of a workshop held at Vienna, Virginia, May 6-8, 1996, sponsored by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; pp. 457-459. [PDF, 735KB]

(1996) Thomas A.Keenan: An interpretative data analysis of Chinese named entity subtypes.  Tipster Text Program Phase II. Proceedings of a workshop held at Vienna, Virginia, May 6-8, 1996, sponsored by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; pp. 453-455. [PDF, 714KB]

(1996) Steven Maiorano & Terry Wilson: Multilingual entity task (MET): Japanese results. Tipster Text Program Phase II. Proceedings of a workshop held at Vienna, Virginia, May 6-8, 1996, sponsored by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; pp. 449-451. [PDF, 717KB]

(1996) Roberta Merchant, Mary Ellen Okurowski, & Nancy Chinchor: The multilingual entity task (MET) overview. Tipster Text Program Phase II. Proceedings of a workshop held at Vienna, Virginia, May 6-8, 1996, sponsored by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; pp. 445-447. [PDF, 667KB]

(1996) Yoshikazu Takemoto, Takahiro Wakao, Hiroshi Yamada, Robert Gaizauskas, & Yorick Wilks: Description of NEC/Sheffield system used for MET Japanese.  Tipster Text Program Phase II. Proceedings of a workshop held at Vienna, Virginia, May 6-8, 1996, sponsored by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; pp. 475-476. [PDF, 612KB]

 (1995) Pascale Fung: A pattern matching method for finding noun and proper noun translations from noisy parallel corpora.  33rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 26-30 June 1995, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; pp.236-243 . [PDF, 631KB]

Nouns and noun phrases

(1999) Satoru Ikehara, Shinnji Nakai, & Jin’ichi Murakami: Automatic generation of semantic dependency rules for Japanese noun phrases with particles “no”.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 55-65 [PDF, 270KB]

(1999) Jongwoo Lee, Byoung-Tak Zhang, & Yung Taek Kim: Compund noun decomposition using a Markov model. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 427-431. [PDF, 381KB]

(1999) Takaaki Tanaka & Yoshihiro Matsuo: Extraction of translation equivalents from non-parallel corpora. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 109-119 [PDF, 249KB]

 (1998) Isobel Heald & Rémi Zajac: Compounds nouns in simplified English. CLAW 98: proceedings of the second international workshop on Controlled Language Applications, 21-22 May 1998, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; pp.124-133. [PDF, 294KB]

(1998) Mario J.Mira i Giménez & Mikel L.Forcada: Understanding commercial machine translation systems for evaluation, teaching, and reverse engineering: the treatment of noun phrases in Power Translator Deluxe. In: Machine Translation Review, issue 7: April 1998; pp.20-27. [PDF]

(1998) Masaki Murata & Makoto Nagao: An estimate of referent of noun phrases in Japanese sentences. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 912-916. [PDF, 460KB]

(1997) Scott W. Bennett, Chinatsu Aone, & Craig Lovell: Learning to tag multilingual texts through observation. Second conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing. Proceedings ed. Claire Cardie and Ralph Weischedel, August 1-2, 1997, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA; pp.109-116. [PDF, 827KB]

(1996) Francis Bond, Kentaro Ogura, & Satoru Ikehara: Classifiers in Japanese-to-English machine translation. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 125-130. [PDF, 524KB]

(1996) Virach Sornlertlamvanich & Hozumi Tanaka: The automatic extraction of open compounds from text corpora. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 1143-1146. [PDF, 364KB]

(1995) Francis Bond, Kentaro Ogura,& Tsukasa Kawaoka: Noun phrase reference in Japanese to English machine translation. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.1-14. [PDF, 203KB]

(1995) Pascale Fung: A pattern matching method for finding noun and proper noun translations from noisy parallel corpora.  33rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 26-30 June 1995, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; pp.236-243 . [PDF, 631KB]

(1994) Francis Bond, Kentaro Ogura, & Satoru Ikehara: Countability and number in Japanese to English machine translation. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 32-38. [PDF, 501KB]

(1994) Barbara Gawrońska, Christer Johansson, Anders Nordner, & Caroline Willners: Interpreting compounds for machine translation. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 45-50. [PDF, 498KB]

(1994) Naoto Katoh & Teruaki Aizawa: Machine translation of sentences with fixed expressions. Fourth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 13-15 October 1994, Stuttgart, Germany;  pp.28-33. [PDF, 526KB]

(1994) A. Koizumi, M. Arioka, C. Harada, M. Sugimoto, L. Guthrie, C. Watts, R. Catizone, & Y. Wilks: Noun phrasal entries in the EDR English word dictionary. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 257-262. [PDF, 477KB]

(1994) Keh-Yih Su, Ming-Wen Wu, & Jing-Shin Chang: A corpus based approach to automatic compound extraction. 32nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 27-30 June 1994, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA; pp.242-247. [PDF, 507KB]

(1993) Paul Bennett, Marta Carulla, & Kerry Maxwell: The MT lexicon and the translation of compounds.  In: Building lexicons for machine translation: papers from the 1993 AAAI Spring Symposium, March 23-25, Stanford, California. (Technical report SS-93-02; Menlo Park, California: AAAI Press, 1993); p.62.

(1993) Julien Kupiec: An algorithm for finding noun phrase correspondences in bilingual corpora. 31st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 22-26 June 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; pp. 17-22. [PDF, 487KB]

(1993) Masaki Murata & Makoto Nagao: Determination of referential property and number of nouns in Japanese sentences for machine translation into English. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 218-225. [PDF, 229KB]

(1992) Pierrette Bouillon, Katharina Boesefeldt, & Graham Russell: Compound nouns in a unification-based MT system.  Third conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 31 March – 3 April 1992, Trento, Italy;  pp.209-215. [PDF, 630KB]

 (1992) Cheol Ho Kim & Gil Chang Kim: Syntactic analysis of coordinate noun phrase. Literary and Linguistic Computing 7 (3), pp.159-167. [PDF, 260KB]

(1992) Ulrike Rackow, Ido Dagan, & Ulrike Schwall: Automatic translation of noun compounds. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 1249-1253. [PDF, 398KB]

(1991) Naomi Inoue: Automatic noun classification by using Japanese-English word pairs.  29th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 18-21 June 1991, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; pp.201-208. [PDF, 469KB]

(1991) Eiichiro Sumita & Hitoshi Iida: Experiments and prospects of example-based machine translation.  29th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 18-21 June 1991, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; pp.185-192. [PDF, 663KB]

(1990) S. Ananiadou & J.McNaught: Treatment of compounds in a transfer-based machine translation system. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.57-63. [PDF, 165KB]

(1990) Montserrat Meya: Tenets for an interlingual representation of definite NPs. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.2, pp. 263-269. [PDF, 461KB]

Number (singular, plural)

(1994) Francis Bond, Kentaro Ogura, & Satoru Ikehara: Countability and number in Japanese to English machine translation. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 32-38. [PDF, 501KB]

Particles

(1996) Ajantha Herath, Yasuaki Hyodo, Y.Kunieda, & Takashi Ikeda: Bunsetsu-based Japanese-Sinhalese translation system and handling ga and wa [abstract]. In: Unity in diversity? International translation studies conference, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland, 9-11 May 1996; p.41. [PDF, 13KB]

Passives

(1990) Judith Rosenhouse & Ariel Mordechai Cohen: The passive in Arabic, Hebrew and English and machine translation. Literary and Linguistic Computing 5 (1); pp.9-18. [PDF, 328kb]

Phonology and phonetics

(1999) June-Jei Kuo: An automated mandarin document revision system using both phonetic and radical approaches. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 449-457. [PDF, 580KB]

Pragmatics in MT

(1997) David Farwell & Stephen Helmreich: User-friendly machine translation: alternate translations based on difference beliefs. MT Summit VI. Machine Translation: Past, Present, Future.  Proceedings, 29 October – 1 November 1997, San Diego, California, USA; pp. 125-131 [PDF, 156KB]

(1997) David Farwell: On representing language-specific information in interlingua.  Proceedings of the AMTA/SIG-IL First Workshop on Interlinguas, October 28, 1997, San Diego, CA, USA; pp. 45-50. [PDF, 113KB]

(1997) Keiko Horiguchi: Towards translating spoken language pragmatics in an analogical framework. Spoken Language Translation: proceedings of a workshop… ed. Steven Krauwer, Doug Arnold, Walter Kasper, Manny Rayner, Harold Somers, 11 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain; pp. 16-23. [PDF, 828KB]

(1996) David Farwell: Interlingual representations, the MT triangle and good food. In: David Farwell (ed.) PREceedings of the Pre-Workshop on interlinguas and interlingual approaches to machine translation, 1 October 1996, Montreal, [AMTA]; pp.16-18 [PDF,

(1996) Stephen Helmreich & David Farwell: Translation differences and pragmatics-based MT. Expanding MT horizons: Proceedings of the Second Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, 2-5 October 1996, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Washington, DC: AMTA); pp.43-55 [PDF, 162KB]

(1995) Hiromi Nakaiwa & Satoru Ikehara: Intrasentential resolution of Japanese zero pronouns in a machine translation system using semantic and pragmatic constraints. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.96-105. [PDF, 200KB]

(1992) David L. Farwell: In defense of rationalist approaches to MT research Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.185-193. [PDF, 158KB]

(1991) Jacques Durand: On evaluating MT systems.  Translating and the Computer 13: The Theory and Practice of Machine Translation – A Marriage of Convenience? Papers presented at a conference… 28-29 November 1991, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1992); pp.81-92. [PDF, 73KB]

(1990) Hitoshi Iida, Takayuki Yamaoka, & Hidekazu Arita: Three typed pragmatics for dialogue structure analysis. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 370-372. [PDF, 374KB]

Prepositional phrases

(1996) Kuang-hua Chen & Hsin-Hsi Chen: A rule-based and MT-oriented approach to prepositional phrase attachment. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 216-221. [PDF, 377KB]

(1993) Eiichiro Sumita, Osamu Furuse & Hitoshi Iida: An example-based disambiguation of prepositional phrase attachment. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 80-91. [PDF, 205KB]

(1992) Arturo Trujillo: Locations in the machine translation of prepositional phrases Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.13-20. [PDF, 205KB]

(1992) Arturo Trujillo: Spatial lexicalization in the translation of prepositional phrases.  30th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 28 June – 2 July 1992, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA; pp.306-308. [PDF, 288KB]

(1990) Montserrat Meya: Semantic disambiguation for PP-attachment. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.271-277. [PDF, 119KB]

Prepositions

 (1993) Bianka Buschbeck-Wolf: How to overcome translation mismatches an inference driven mapping between mean­ing representations. In: Building lexicons for machine translation: papers from the 1993 AAAI Spring Symposium, March 23-25, Stanford, California. (Technical report SS-93-02; Menlo Park, California: AAAI Press, 1993); pp.24-33. [PDF, 863KB]

(1991) Nathalie Japkowicz & Janyce M. Wiebe: A system for translating locative prepositions from English to French.  29th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 18-21 June 1991, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; pp.153-160. [PDF, 648KB]

(1991) Heinz-Dirk Luckhardt: Sublanguages in machine translation. Fifth conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 9-11 April 1991, Congress Hall, Alexanderplatz, Berlin, Germany; pp. 306-308. [PDF, 257KB]

Principles and parameters (grammar theory)

(1995) Bonnie J. Dorr, Dekang Lin, Jye-hoon Lee, & Sungki Suh: Efficient parsing for Korean and English: a parameterized message-passing approach. Computational Linguistics 21 (2), pp. 255-263 [Squibs and discussions] [PDF, 595KB]

(1994) Bonnie J. Dorr: Machine translation divergences: a formal description and proposed solution. Computational Linguistics 20 (4), pp. 597-633 [PDF, 2352KB]

(1994) Dekang Lin, Bonnie Dorr, Jye-hoon Lee, and Sungki Suh: A parameter-based message-passing parser for MT of Korean and English. Technology partnerships for crossing the language barrier: Proceedings of the First Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas,5-8 October, Columbia, Maryland, USA. [Washington, DC: AMTA]; pp. 149-156. [PDF,208KB]

(1994) Daniel Radzinski: [review of] Machine translation: a view from the lexicon [by] Bonnie Jean Dorr (MIT Press, 1992). Computational Linguistics 20 (4), pp. 670-676 [PDF, 507KB]

(1993) Eric Wehrli & Mira Ramluckun:  ITS-2: an interactive personal translation system. Sixth conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 21-23 April 1993, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; p. 476. [PDF, 99KB]

 (1992) Hsin-Hsi Chen: The transfer of anaphors in translation. Literary and Linguistic Computing 7 (4), pp.231-238. [PDF, 235KB]

(1992) Bonnie J. Dorr: A parameterized approach to integrating aspect with lexical-semantics for machine translation. 30th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 28 June – 2 July 1992, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA; pp.257-264. [PDF, 916KB]

(1992) Bonnie Dorr: Parameterization of the interlingua in machine translation. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 624-630. [PDF, 495KB]

(1990) Bonnie J.Dorr: A cross-linguistic approach to translation. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.13-32. [PDF, 262KB]

(1990) Eric Wehrli: STS: an experimental sentence translation system. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.1, pp. 76-78. [PDF, 271KB]

Pronouns

(1997) Hiromi Nakaiwa: Automatic extraction of rules for anaphora resolution of Japanese zero pronouns from aligned sentence pairs.  Operational factors in practical, robust anlphora resolution for unrestricted texts. Proceedings of a workshop [at ACL-EACL-1997] ed. by Ruslan Mitkov and Branimir Boguraev, 11 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp.22-29. [PDF, 724KB]

(1997) Hiromi Nakaiwa: Automatic identification of zero pronouns and their antecedents within aligned sentence pairs. Fifth workshop on Very Large Corpora. Proceedings ed. Joe Zhou and Kenneth Church, 18 August 1997, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 20 August 1997, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong; pp.127-141. [PDF, 959KB]

(1996) Hiromi Nakaiwa & Satoshi Shirai: Anaphora resolution of Japanese zero pronouns with deictic reference. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 1090-1093. [PDF, 574KB]

(1995) Ruslan Mitkov, Sung-Kwon Choi, & Randall Sharp: Anaphora resolution in machine translation. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.87-95. [PDF, 203KB]

(1995) Hiromi Nakaiwa & Satoru Ikehara: Intrasentential resolution of Japanese zero pronouns in a machine translation system using semantic and pragmatic constraints. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.96-105. [PDF, 200KB]

(1994) Shalom Lappin & Herbert J. Leass: An algorithm for pronominal anaphora resolution. Computational Linguistics 20 (4), pp. 535-561 [PDF, 1694KB]

(1992) Doug Arnold & Louisa Sadler: Rationalism and the treatment of referential dependencies Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.195-204. [PDF, 198KB]

(1992) Hiromi Nakaiwa & Satoru Ikehara: Zero pronoun resolution in a Japanese to English machine translation system using verbal semantic attributes.  Third conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 31 March – 3 April 1992, Trento, Italy;  pp.201-208. [PDF, 802KB]

(1990) Shalom Lappin & Michael McCord: A syntactic filter on pronominal anaphora for slot grammar. 28th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 6-9 June 1990, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA; pp.135-142. [PDF, 437KB]

(1990) Hajime Wada: Discourse processing in MT: problems in pronominal translation. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.1, pp. 73-75. [PDF, 332KB]

Quantifiers

(1998) Francis Bond, Daniela Kurz, & Satoshi Shirai: Anchoring floating quantifiers in Japanese-to-English machine translation.  Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 152-159. [PDF, 675KB]

Reference (see also Anaphora resolution, Pronouns)

(1996) Elena Not: A computational model for generating referring expressions in a multilingual application domain. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 848-853. [PDF, 549KB]

(1992) Cornelia Zelinsky-Wibbelt: Exploiting linguistic iconism for article selection in machine translation. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 792-798. [PDF, 480KB]

(1990) Ikuo Kudo: Local cohesive knowledge for a dialogue-machine translation system. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 391-393. [PDF, 297KB]

Relational grammar

(1990) David E.Johnson & Hideo Watanabe: Relational-grammar-based generation in the JETS Japanese-English machine translation system. Fifth international workshop on Natural Language Generation, Proceedings, 3-6 June 1990, Linden Hall Conference Center, Dawson, Pennsylvania; pp. 174-182. [PDF, 688KB]

Shake & Bake method

(1999) Davide Turcato, Paul McFetridge, Fred Popowich, & Janine Toole: A unified example-based and lexicalist approach to machine translation.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 33-43 [PDF, 247KB]

(1998) Martin C. Emele & Michael Dorna: Ambiguity preserving machine translation using packed representations. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 365-371. [PDF, 639KB]

(1998) Davide Turcato, Fred Popowich, Paul McFetridge & Olivier Laurens: Reuse of linguistic resources in MT. First International Conference on Language Resources & Evaluation, Granada, Spain, 28-30 May 1998. Proceedings ed. Antonio Rubio, Natividad Gallardo, Rosa Castro and Antonio Tejada; pp.1227-1233. [PDF, 102KB]

 (1997) Davide Turcato, Olivier Laurens, Paul McFetridge & Fred Popowich: Inflectional information in transfer for lexicalist machine translation. In: Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: selected papers from RANLP ’97, ed. Nicolas Nikolov, John Benjamins Publ.Co.: Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 2000; pp.303-314. [PDF, 287KB]

(1995) Victor Poznański, John L.Beaven, & Pete Whitelock: An efficient generation algorithm for lexicalist MT. 33rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 26-30 June 1995, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; pp.261-267. [PDF, 597KB]

(1995) Arturo Trujillo: Bi-lexical rules for multi-lexeme translation in lexicalist MT. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.48-66. [PDF, 265KB]

(1995) Davide Turcato:  Shake-and-bake MT and morphology. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.319-325. [PDF, 265KB]

(1992) John L. Beaven: Shake-and-bake machine translation. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 603-609. [PDF, 441KB]

(1992) Chris Brew: Letting the cat out of the bag: generation for shake-and-bake MT. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 610-616. [PDF, 386KB]

(1992) P. Whitelock: Shake-and-bake translation [with abstracts in French and Japanese]. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 784-791. [PDF, 555KB]

Sign languages

(1996) Tony Veale & Bróna Collins: Space, metaphor and schematization in sign: sign language translation in the ZARDOZ system. Expanding MT horizons: Proceedings of the Second Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, 2-5 October 1996, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Washington, DC: AMTA); pp.168-179 [PDF, 203KB]

(1994) Tony Veale & Alan Conway: Cross modal comprehension in ZARDOZ, an English to sign-language translation system. Seventh international workshop on Natural Language Generation, Proceedings, June 21-24, 1994, Nonantun Inn, Kennebunkport, Maine; pp. 249-252. [PDF, 453KB]

Simplification

(1998) Isobel Heald & Rémi Zajac: Compounds nouns in simplified English. CLAW 98: proceedings of the second international workshop on Controlled Language Applications, 21-22 May 1998, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; pp.124-133. [PDF, 294KB]

(1998) Satoshi Shirai, Satoru Ikehara, Akio Yokoo, & Yoshifumi Ooyama: Automatic rewriting method for internal expressions in Japanese to English MT and its effects. CLAW 98: proceedings of the second international workshop on Controlled Language Applications, 21-22 May 1998, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; pp.62-75. [PDF, 478KB]

Situation theory

(1991) Megumi Kameyama, Ryo Ochitani, & Stanley Peters: Resolving translation mismatches with information flow.  29th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 18-21 June 1991, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; pp.193-200. [PDF, 800KB]

Slot grammar

(1999) Jesús Peral, Manuel Palomar, & Antonio Ferrández: Coreference-oriented interlingual slot structure & machine translation. ACL-1999 Coreference and its Applications: Proceedings of the Workshop, 22 June 1999, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA; pp.69-76. [PDF, 684KB]

 (1998) Arendse Bernth: EasyEnglish: preprocessing for MT. In: CLAW 98: proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Controlled Language Applications, 21-22 May 1998, Language Technologies Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; pp.30-41. [PDF, 369KB]

(1998) Michael McCord & Arendse Bernth: The LMT Transformational System. Machine translation and the information soup: third conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, AMTA '98, Langhorne, PA,USA, October 1998; ed. David Farwell, Laurie Gerber, Eduard Hovy (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1998); pp.344-355. [go to publisher details]

 (1997) Arendse Bernth: EasyEnglish: a tool for improving document quality.  Fifth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 31 March – 3 April 1997, Washington Marriott Hotel, Washington, DC, USA;  pp.159-165. [PDF, 635KB]

(1995) Hubert Lehmann: MT for home and business users. MT Summit V Proceedings, Luxembourg, July 10-13, 1995; 9pp. [PDF, 124KB]

(1994) Shalom Lappin & Herbert J. Leass: An algorithm for pronominal anaphora resolution. Computational Linguistics 20 (4), pp. 535-561 [PDF, 1694KB]

(1993) TM/2: tip of the iceberg? Language Industry Monitor, issue no.15, May-June 1993; pp.1-5. [PDF, 100KB]

(1992) Brigitte Bläser, Ulrike Schwall, & Angelika Storrer: A reusable lexical database tool for machine translation. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 510-516. [PDF, 496KB]

(1991) Mori Rimon, Michael C.McCord, Ulrike Schwall, & Pilar Martínez: Advances in machine translation research in IBM.  MT Summit III.  Proceedings, July 1-4, 1991, Washington, DC, USA; pp. 11-18 [PDF, 165KB] [Revised reprint in: Sergei Nirenburg (ed.) Progress in machine translation (Amsterdam, Oxford, Washington, DC: IOS Press; Tokyo: Ohmsha, 1993), pp. 3-13]

(1990) Shalom Lappin & Michael McCord: Anaphora resolution in slot grammar. Computational Linguistics 16 (4), pp. 197-212 [PDF, 1501KB]

(1990) Shalom Lappin & Michael McCord: A syntactic filter on pronominal anaphora for slot grammar. 28th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 6-9 June 1990, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA; pp.135-142. [PDF, 437KB]

(1990) Mary S.Neff & Michael McCord: Acquiring lexical data from machine-readable dictionary resources for machine translation. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.85-90. [PDF, 223KB]

(1990) P.Newman: Symmetric slot grammar (SSG): a bi-directional design for MT. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.145-157. [PDF, 233KB]

Spatial expressions

(1998) Evelyne Viegas: Multilingual computational semantic lexicons in action: the WYSINNWYG approach to NLP. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 1321-1327. [PDF, 696KB]

(1994) Bianka Buschbeck-Wolf: Towards lexical representation for interlingua-based machine translation. KONVENS’94: Verarbeitung natürlicher Sprache, Wien, 28.-30.September 1994, hrsg. Harald Trost (Wien: Österreichische Gesellschaft für Artificial Intelligence, 1994); pp.52-61. [PDF, 339KB]

 (1993) Bianka Buschbeck-Wolf: How to overcome translation mismatches an inference driven mapping between mean­ing representations. In: Building lexicons for machine translation: papers from the 1993 AAAI Spring Symposium, March 23-25, Stanford, California. (Technical report SS-93-02; Menlo Park, California: AAAI Press, 1993); pp.24-33. [PDF, 863KB]

(1992) Arturo Trujillo: Spatial lexicalization in the translation of prepositional phrases.  30th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 28 June – 2 July 1992, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA; pp.306-308. [PDF, 288KB]

(1990) Cornelia Zelinsky-Wibbelt: The semantic representation of spatial configurations: the conceptual motivation for generation in machine translation. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 299-303. [PDF, 369KB]

Speech acts

(1999) Barbara Gawronska, Jaana Anttila & Dan-Ivar Jacobsson: Mental spaces, space builders and bilingual summarization of news reports. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 1-10 [PDF, 210KB]

(1999) Hideki Tanaka & Akio Yokoo: An efficient statistical speech act type tagging system for speech translation systems. ACL-1999: 37th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 20-26 June 1999, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA; pp.381-388. [PDF, 746KB]

(1997) Jan Alexandersson, Norbert Reithinger, & Elisabeth Maier: Insights into the dialogue processing of VERBMOBIL.  Fifth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 31 March – 3 April 1997, Washington Marriott Hotel, Washington, DC, USA;  pp.33-40. [PDF, 2136KB]

(1997) Karin Harbusch: How to solve the conflict of structure-preserving translation and fluent text production. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.87-94. [PDF, 509KB]

(1997) Keiko Horiguchi: Towards translating spoken language pragmatics in an analogical framework. Spoken Language Translation: proceedings of a workshop… ed. Steven Krauwer, Doug Arnold, Walter Kasper, Manny Rayner, Harold Somers, 11 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain; pp. 16-23. [PDF, 828KB]

(1997) Jae-won Lee, Gil Chang Kim, & Jungyun Seo: A dialogue analysis model with statistical speech act processing for dialogue machine translation.  Spoken Language Translation: proceedings of a workshop… ed. Steven Krauwer, Doug Arnold, Walter Kasper, Manny Rayner, Harold Somers, 11 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain; pp. 10-15. [PDF, 481KB]

(1997) Mark Seligman: Six issues in speech translation. Spoken Language Translation: proceedings of a workshop… ed. Steven Krauwer, Doug Arnold, Walter Kasper, Manny Rayner, Harold Somers, 11 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain; pp. 83-91. [PDF, 614KB]

 (1997) Maite Taboada: Improving translation through contextual information. ACL-EACL-1997: 35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference, 7-12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp. 510-512. [PDF, 261KB]

(1995) Jan Alexandersson, Elisabeth Maier, & Norbert Reithinger: A robust and efficient three-layered dialogue component for a speech-to-speech translation system. Seventh conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, March 27-31, 1995, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland; pp. 188-193. [PDF, 593KB]

(1994) Christiane Nord: The importance of functional markers in (human) translation. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.35-50.

(1990) Kiyoshi Kogure, Masako Kume, & Hitoshi Iida: Illocutionary act based translation of dialogues. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.47-55. [PDF, 161KB] 

Spelling checkers

(1992) E.Agirre, I.Alegria, X.Arregi, X.Artola, A.Diaz de Ilarraza, M.Maritxalar, K.Sarasola, & M.Urkia: XUXEN: a spelling checker/corrector for Basque based on two-level morphology.  Third conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 31 March – 3 April 1992, Trento, Italy;  pp.119-125. [PDF, 684KB]

Stratificational grammar

(1990)Doug Arnold & Louisa Sadler: Eurotra: an assessment of the current state of the EC’s MT programme. Translating and the Computer 13: The Theory and Practice of Machine Translation – A Marriage of Convenience? Papers presented at a conference… 28-29 November 1991, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1992); pp.137-151. [PDF, 91KB]

(1990) Anand Syea: The EUROTRA machine translation system. Proceedings of a Workshop on Machine Translation, 2-3 July 1990, UMIST, Manchester, ed.J.McNaught; 12pp. [PDF, 38KB]

Stylistic aspects

(1994) Chrysanne DiMarco: Stylistic choice in machine translation. Technology partnerships for crossing the language barrier: Proceedings of the First Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas,5-8 October, Columbia, Maryland, USA. [Washington, DC: AMTA]; pp. 32-39 [PDF, 132KB]

(1994) Cécile Paris & Donia Scott: Stylistic variation in multilingual instructions. Seventh international workshop on Natural Language Generation, Proceedings, June 21-24, 1994, Nonantun Inn, Kennebunkport, Maine; pp. 45-52. [PDF, 798KB]

(1993) Chrysanne DiMarco & Graeme Hirst: A computational theory of goal-directed style in syntax. Computational Linguistics 19 (3), pp.451-499 [PDF, 2864KB]

(1990) Chrysanne DiMarco & Graeme Hirst: Accounting for style in machine translation. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.65-73. [PDF, 204KB]

(1990) Gregor Thurmair: Parsing for grammar and style checking. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.2, pp. 365-370. [PDF, 490KB]

Sublanguage [see also Domain restriction and specification]

(1997) M.Victoria Arranz: Lexical bottleneck in machine translation and natural language processing: a case study. Translating and the Computer 19. Papers from the Aslib conference held on 13 & 14 November 1997 (London: Aslib, 1997); 12pp. [PDF, 116KB]

(1996) Richard Kittredge: A path from sublanguage to controlled language [abstract]. [CLAW 1996] Proceedings of the first international workshop on controlled language applications: CLAW 96. Leuven: Centre for Computational Linguistics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1996; p.178. [PDF, 16KB]

(1996) Eric H.Nyberg, 3rd, & Teruko Mitamura: Controlled language and knowledge-based machine translation: principles and practice. [CLAW 1996] Proceedings of the first international workshop on controlled language applications: CLAW 96. Leuven: Centre for Computational Linguistics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1996; pp.74-83. [PDF, 51KB]

(1996) Pim van der Eijk, Michiel de Koning, & Gert van der Steen: Controlled language correction and translation. [CLAW 1996] Proceedings of the first international workshop on controlled language applications: CLAW 96. Leuven: Centre for Computational Linguistics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1996; pp.64-73. [PDF, 109KB]

(1995) Guy Deville & Emmanuel Herbignaux: Natural language modeling in a machine translation prototype for healthcare applications: a sublanguage approach. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.142-157. [PDF, 241KB]

(1994) Sophia Ananiadou & John McNaught: Terms are not alone: term choice and choice terms.  Translating and the Computer 16. Papers presented at a conference… 10-11 November 1994, Institution of Civil Engineers, London SW1 (London: Aslib, 1994); pp.14-32. [PDF, 188KB]

(1994) G.Deville, E. Herbigniaux, P. Mousel & G. Thienpont: Reengineering linguistic resources for machine translation in medical applications. Technology partnerships for crossing the language barrier: Proceedings of the First Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas,5-8 October, Columbia, Maryland, USA. [Washington, DC: AMTA]; pp. 24-31 [PDF, 142KB]

(1994) Pierre Isabelle: Support tools are more promising. ARPA Workshop on Machine Translation, 17-18 March 1994, Sheraton Premier Hotel at Tyson’s Corner, Vienna; 13 slides [PDF, 174KB]

(1994) Richard Kittredge, Eli Goldberg, Myunghee Kim, & Alain Polguère: Sublanguage engineering in the FoG system. Fourth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 13-15 October 1994, Stuttgart, Germany;  pp.215-216. [PDF, 210KB]

(1993) NHK. Language Industry Monitor, issue no.17, September-October 1993; p.13. [PDF, 77KB]

 (1992) Pierrette Bouillon, Katharina Boesefeldt, & Graham Russell: Compound nouns in a unification-based MT system.  Third conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 31 March – 3 April 1992, Trento, Italy;  pp.209-215. [PDF, 630KB]

(1992) Annette Grimaila & John Chandioux: Made to measure solutions. In: John Newton (ed.) Computers in translation: a practical appraisal (London: Routledge, 1992),; pp.33-45.

(1992) Satoshi Sekine, Sofia Ananiadou, Jeremy J.Carroll, & Jun’ichi Tsujii: Linguistic knowledge generator. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 560-566. [PDF, 460KB]

(1992) Jun-ichi Tsujii, Sofia Ananiadou, Iris Arad, & Satoshi Sekine: Linguistic knowledge acquisition from corpora. International Workshop on Fundamental Research for the Future Generation of Natural Language Processing (FGNLP): Proceedings, 30-31 July 1992, Hotel Dominion, Manchester; Sofia Ananiadou, editor (Centre for Computational Linguistics, UMIST); pp.61-81. [PDF, 121KB]

(1991) Pierrette Bouillon & Katharina Boesefeldt: Applying an experimental MT system to a realistic problem.  MT Summit III.  Proceedings, July 1-4, 1991, Washington, DC, USA; pp. 45-49 [PDF, 160KB] [Revised reprint in: Sergei Nirenburg (ed.) Progress in machine translation (Amsterdam, Oxford, Washington, DC: IOS Press; Tokyo: Ohmsha, 1993), pp. 79-86]

(1991) Heinz-Dirk Luckhardt: Sublanguages in machine translation. Fifth conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 9-11 April 1991, Congress Hall, Alexanderplatz, Berlin, Germany; pp. 306-308. [PDF, 257KB]

(1991) Harold L. Somers & Danny Jones: Machine translation seen as multilingual text generation.  Translating and the Computer 13: The Theory and Practice of Machine Translation – A Marriage of Convenience? Papers presented at a conference… 28-29 November 1991, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1992); pp.153-165. [PDF, 73KB]

(1990) Effie Ananiadou: The use of sublanguages in machine translation. Proceedings of a Workshop on Machine Translation, 2-3 July 1990, UMIST, Manchester, ed.J.McNaught; 13pp. [PDF, 61KB]

(1990) Stephan Kerpedjiev & Veska Noncheva: Intelligent handling of weather forecasts. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 379-381. [PDF, 354KB]

(1990) J.D.Phillips: Automated production of domain-specific machine translation systems. Proceedings of a Workshop on Machine Translation, 2-3 July 1990, UMIST, Manchester, ed.J.McNaught; 8pp. [PDF, 1153KB]

Systemic Functional Grammar

(1994) Liesbeth Degand: Towards an account of causation in a multilingual text generation system. Seventh international workshop on Natural Language Generation, Proceedings, June 21-24, 1994, Nonantun Inn, Kennebunkport, Maine; pp. 108-116. [PDF, 892KB]

(1991) Eduard Hovy: The Penman natural language project: systemics-based machine translation.  Speech and Natural Language: proceedings of a workshop held at Pacific Grove, California, USA, February 19-22, 1991. (San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 1991); p. 432. [PDF, 514KB]

 (1991) The Penman natural language project. Speech and Natural Language: proceedings of a workshop held at Hidden Valley, Pennsylvania, USA, June 24-27, 1990. (San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 1990); p. 430. [PDF, 508KB]

Temporal expressions

(1997) Francis Bond, Kentaro Ogura, & Hajime Uchino: Temporal expressions in Japanese-to-English machine translation. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.55-62. [PDF, 199KB]

(1997) Bonnie J.Dorr & Mari Broman Olsen: Deriving verbal and compositional lexical aspect for NLP applications. ACL-EACL-1997: 35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference, 7-12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp. 151-158. [PDF, 689KB]

(1995) Frank Van Eynde: A sign-based approach to the translation of temporal expressions. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.67-86. [PDF, 855KB]

Tense (see also Temporal expressions)

(1999) Masaki Murata, Qing Ma, Kiyotaka Uchimoto, & Hitoshi Isahara: An example-based approach to Japanese-to-English translation of tense, aspect, and modality.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 66-76 [PDF, 244KB]

(1998) Michael Schiehlen: Learning tense translation from bilingual corpora. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 1183-1187. [PDF, 410KB]

(1997) Bonnie J.Dorr & Mari Broman Olsen: Deriving verbal and compositional lexical aspect for NLP applications. ACL-EACL-1997: 35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference, 7-12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp. 151-158. [PDF, 689KB]

(1993) Margherita Antona & Jun-ichi Tsujii: Treatment of tense and aspect in translation from Italian to Greek — an example of treatment of implicit information in knowledge-based transfer MT. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 131-153. [PDF, 209KB]

(1991) Bianka Buschbeck, Renate Henschel, Iris Höser, Gerda Klimonow, Andreas Küstner, & Ingrid Starke: Limits of a sentence based procedural approach for aspect choice in German-Russian MT. Fifth conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 9-11 April 1991, Congress Hall, Alexanderplatz, Berlin, Germany; pp. 269-274.  {PDF, 409KB]

(1991) Bonnie J.Dorr: A two-level knowledge representation for machine translation: lexical semantics and tense/aspect. [ACL 1991] Lexical Semantics and Knowledge Representation: proceedings of a workshop, ed. James Pustejovsky and Sabine Bergler, 17 June 1991, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; pp.250-263. [PDF, 912KB]

Terminology

(1999) Alan Barrett: Otelo and the Domino Translation Object.  Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp.177-181. [PDF, 103KB]

(1999) Gerhard Budin, Alan K.Melby, Sue Ellen Wright, Deryle Lonsdale, & Arie Lommel: Integrating translation technologies using Salt. Translating and the Computer 21. Proceedings of the Twenty-first International Conference…10-11 November 1999 (London: Aslib, 1999); 9pp. [PDF, 66KB]

 (1999) Bert Esselink: Coming to terms: new tools give localizers ever-greater flexibility in managing terminology. Language International 11 (1), February 1999; pp.30-33. [PDF, 125KB]

 (1999) Gary Jaekel: They’ve got a word for it: terminology management at Ericsson. Language International 11 (2), April 1999; pp.20-23. [PDF, 184KB]

 (1999) Ian Jones: Terminology management in NATO. Translating and the Computer 21. Proceedings of the Twenty-first International Conference…10-11 November 1999 (London: Aslib, 1999); 10pp. [PDF, 142KB]

(1999) Yiping Li, Chimu Pun, & Fei Wu: Portuguese-Chinese machine translation in Macao. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 236-243. [PDF, 236KB]

 (1999) Sharon O’Brien: Translation technology – the next generation. Translating and the Computer 21. Proceedings of the Twenty-first International Conference…10-11 November 1999 (London: Aslib, 1999); 9pp. [PDF, 46KB]

(1999) Brigitte Orliac & Kutz Arrieta: TermBuilder: a lexical knowledge acquisition tool for the Logos machine translation system . Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 593-597. [PDF, 137KB]

(1998) Ingeborg Blank: Computer-aided analysis of multilingual patent documentation. First International Conference on Language Resources & Evaluation, Granada, Spain, 28-30 May 1998. Proceedings ed. Antonio Rubio, Natividad Gallardo, Rosa Castro and Antonio Tejada; pp.765-773. [PDF, 79KB]

(1998) D.Bourigault & B.Habert: Evaluation of terminology extractors: principles and experiments. First International Conference on Language Resources & Evaluation, Granada, Spain, 28-30 May 1998. Proceedings ed. Antonio Rubio, Natividad Gallardo, Rosa Castro and Antonio Tejada; pp.299-305. [PDF, 95KB]

(1998) Jean-Pierre Chanod: Multilingual tools at the Xerox Research Centre. In: EAMT Workshop, Geneva, 2-3 April 1998. [PDF]

(1998) Steve Dyson: Terminology mining. Language Today 8, May 1998; pp.19-21. [PDF, 2200KB]

(1998) Éric Gaussier: Flow network models for word alignment and terminology extraction from bilingual corpora. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 444-450. [PDF, 585KB]

(1998) Genichiro Kikui: Term-list translation using mono-lingual word co-occurrence vectors. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 670-674. [PDF, 592KB]

(1998) Geoffrey Kingscott: Tribute to the founder of terminology: 1998 marks the centenary of Eugen Wüster’s birth.  Language Today 11, August 1998; pp.14-19. [PDF, 4540KB]

(1998) Susan McCormick: A centralized approach to managing multiple lexical resources. In: EAMT Workshop, Geneva, 2-3 April 1998. [PDF]

(1998) Sue Ellen Wright: Live from Vienna: special report from TAMA terminology conference.  Language International 10 (2), 1998; pp.31,33. [PDF, 90KB]

(1997) Pascale Fung & Kathleen McKeown: Finding terminology translations from non-parallel corpora. Fifth workshop on Very Large Corpora. Proceedings ed. Joe Zhou and Kenneth Church, 18 August 1997, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 20 August 1997, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong; pp.192-202. [PDF, 709KB]

(1997) Gary Jaekel: Terminology at work at Ericsson Language Services. Language International 9 (2), 1997; pp.16-17. [PDF, 89KB]

(1997) David Quinn: Terminology for machine translation: a study. In: Machine Translation Review, issue 6: October 1997; pp.9-21.

(1997) Helmi Sonneveld: The European Association for Terminology – objectives and plans for the future. Translating and the Computer 19. Papers from the Aslib conference held on 13 & 14 November 1997 (London: Aslib, 1997); 9pp. [PDF, 108KB]

(1996) Robert Clark: The Logos living dictionary – an unprecedented Internet resource.  Translating and the Computer 18. Papers from the Aslib conference held on 14 & 15 November 1996 (London: Aslib, 1996); 8pp. [PDF, 224KB]

(1996) Gary Goldfinch: Torte and tautology [report of TKE 96]. Language International 8 (6), 1996; p.17-18. [PDF, 109KB]

(1996) John Hutchins: Terminology and Knowledge Engineering (TKE’96) 4th International Congress, 26-28 August 1996, Vienna, Austria. In: MT News International no.15, October 1996. [PDF]

(1996) Milde Jordaan-Weiss: Machine translation, terminology and the African languages in South Africa: an overview. In: EAMT Workshop, Vienna, 29-30 August 1996. [PDF]

(1995) Carol B.Eckmann: The use of translation-oriented terminology methodology in the translation process. Translating and the Computer 17. Papers from the Aslib conference held on 9th and 10th November 1995 (London: Aslib, 1995); 7pp. [PDF, 161KB]

(1995) Christian Galinski: Terminology and standardization under a machine translation perspective MT Summit V Proceedings, Luxembourg, July 10-13, 1995; 11pp. [PDF, 200KB]

(1994) Sophia Ananiadou & John McNaught: Terms are not alone: term choice and choice terms.  Translating and the Computer 16. Papers presented at a conference… 10-11 November 1994, Institution of Civil Engineers, London SW1 (London: Aslib, 1994); pp.14-32. [PDF, 188KB]

(1994) Béatrice Daille: Study and implementation of combined techniques for automatic extraction of terminology. The balancing act: combining symbolic and statistical approaches to language. Proceedings of the workshop, 1 July 1994, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. (ACL, 1994); pp.29-36. [PDF, 1078KB]

(1994) Béatrice Daille, Éric Gaussier, & Jean-Marc Langé: Towards automatic extraction of monolingual and bilingual terminology. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 515-521. [PDF, 466KB]

(1994) Ido Dagan & Ken Church: Termight: identifying and translating technical terminology. Fourth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 13-15 October 1994, Stuttgart, Germany;  pp. 34-40. [PDF, 661KB]

(1994) Jörg Schütz & Bärbel Ripplinger: Towards text-based machine translation. Technology partnerships for crossing the language barrier: Proceedings of the First Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas,5-8 October, Columbia, Maryland, USA. [Washington, DC: AMTA]; pp. 185-192 [PDF, 149KB]

(1994)  Jörg Schütz: Terminological knowledge in multilingual language processing. International conference “Machine translation: ten years on” Proceedings ... held at Cranfield University, England, 12-14 November 1994 (Cranfield University Press, 1998) [PDF, 700KB]

(1994) Domaines de Termium subject fields. ARPA Workshop on Machine Translation, 17-18 March 1994, Sheraton Premier Hotel at Tyson’s Corner, Vienna; 1 slide [PDF, 25KB]

(1994) Trados: ten years on. Language Industry Monitor, issue no.22, July-August 1994; pp.2-6. [PDF, 109KB]

(1993) Khurshid Ahmad: Pragmatics of specialist terms: the acquisition and representation of terminology. In: Machine translation and the lexicon: Third international EAMT workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28 1993, Proceedings (Berlin: Springer, 1995); pp.51-76. [abstract]

(1993) Roger Bennett: Terminology and the computer – attention shifts to the micro. Machine Translation Today: Translating and the Computer 15. Papers presented at a conference… 18-19 November 1993, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1993); pp.59-81. [PDF, 96KB]

(1993) Brigitte Bläser: TransLexis: an integrated environment for lexicon and terminology management. In: Machine translation and the lexicon: Third international EAMT workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28 1993, Proceedings (Berlin: Springer, 1995); pp.159-173. [abstract]

(1993) Kenneth Ward Church: Char_align: a program for aligning parallel texts at the character level. 31st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 22-26 June 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; pp. 1-8. [PDF, 625KB]

(1993) Ido Dagan, Kenneth W. Church, William A.Gale: Robust bilingual word alignment for machine aided translation. Workshop on Very Large Corpora: Academic and Industrial Perspectives. Proceedings, June 22, 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; pp.1-8. [PDF, 689KB]

(1993) Patrick de Gale: Choose your words carefully. Machine Translation Today: Translating and the Computer 15. Papers presented at a conference… 18-19 November 1993, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1993); pp.23-33. [PDF, 90KB]

(1993) Katharina Koch: Machine translation and terminology database – uneasy bedfellows?  In: Machine translation and the lexicon: Third international EAMT workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28 1993, Proceedings (Berlin: Springer, 1995); pp.131-158. [abstract]

(1993) Blaise Nkwenti-Azeh: New trends in terminology processing and implications for practical translation.  Machine Translation Today: Translating and the Computer 15. Papers presented at a conference… 18-19 November 1993, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1993); pp.83-98. [PDF, 76KB]

(1993) Satoshi Sato: Example-based translation of technical terms. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 58-68. [PDF, 476KB]

(1993) Jörg Schütz & Bärbel Ripplinger: Machine translation supported by terminological information. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 102-116. [PDF, 287KB]

(1993) Pim van der Eijk: Automating the acquisition of bilingual terminology. Sixth conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 21-23 April 1993, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; pp. 113-119. [PDF, 859KB]

(1993) Alan Melby on TEI-TIF. Language Industry Monitor, issue no.14, Mar-Apr 1993; pp.5-6. [PDF, 105KB]

(1993) Termbase design and TIF. Language Industry Monitor, issue no.14, Mar-Apr 1993; p.7. [PDF, 105KB]

(1992)  Khurshid Ahmad & Margaret Rogers: Terminology management: a corpus-based approach. Translating and the Computer 14: Quality Standards and the Implementation of Technology in Translation. Papers presented at a conference… 10-11 November 1992, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1992); pp.33-44. [PDF, 87KB]

(1992) Dictionaries for MultiTerm. Language Industry Monitor, issue no.11, Sept-Oct 1992; p.6. [PDF, 72KB]

(1991) Claude Bédard: [contribution to panel] Where do translators fit into MT?.  MT Summit III.  Proceedings, July 1-4, 1991, Washington, DC, USA; pp. 131-136

(1991) Alan K.Melby & Sue Ellen Wright: TEI-TERM: an SGML-based interchange format for terminology files. Translating and the Computer 13: The Theory and Practice of Machine Translation – A Marriage of Convenience? Papers presented at a conference… 28-29 November 1991, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1992); pp.19-37. [PDF, 104KB]

(1991) Thomas Seal: Alpnet and TSS: the commercial realities of using a computer-based translation system.  Translating and the Computer 13: The Theory and Practice of Machine Translation – A Marriage of Convenience? Papers presented at a conference… 28-29 November 1991, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1992); pp.119-125. [PDF, 46KB]

Text understanding (see also Discourse representation, Natural language understanding)

(1997) Makoto Nagao: Machine translation through language understanding. MT Summit VI. Machine Translation: Past, Present, Future.  Proceedings, 29 October – 1 November 1997, San Diego, California, USA; pp. 41-49 [PDF, 132KB]

(1994) Bonnie Glover Stalls, Robert Belvin, Alfredo Arnaiz, Christine Montgomery, & Robert Stumberger: An adaptation of lexical conceptual structures to multilingual processing in an existing text understanding system. Technology partnerships for crossing the language barrier: Proceedings of the First Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas,5-8 October, Columbia, Maryland, USA. [Washington, DC: AMTA]; pp.106-113. [PDF, 186KB]

(1992) Bengt Sigurd, Caroline Willners, Mats Eeg-Olofsson, & Christer Johansson: Deep comprehension, generation and translation of weather forecasts (Weathra). Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 749-755. [PDF, 341KB]

Thesaurus method

(1998) Rocio Guillén: Reusing translated terms to expand a multilingual thesaurus. Machine translation and the information soup: third conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, AMTA '98, Langhorne, PA,USA, October 1998; ed. David Farwell, Laurie Gerber, Eduard Hovy (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1998); pp.374-383. [go to publisher details]

(1993) Sylvie Regnier, Frédérique Segond, & Shirley Thomas: Using on-line thesaurus in machine-aided translation systems. In: Building lexicons for machine translation: papers from the 1993 AAAI Spring Symposium, March 23-25, Stanford, California. (Technical report SS-93-02; Menlo Park, California: AAAI Press, 1993); pp.59-60.

(1992) Osamu Furuse & Hitoshi Iida: An example-based method for transfer-driven machine translation Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.139-150. [PDF, 224KB]

 (1992) Osamu Furuse & Hitoshi Iida: Transfer-driven machine translation. International Workshop on Fundamental Research for the Future Generation of Natural Language Processing (FGNLP): Proceedings, 30-31 July 1992, Hotel Dominion, Manchester; Sofia Ananiadou, editor (Centre for Computational Linguistics, UMIST); pp.95-111. [PDF, 178KB]

Transduction grammars

(1998) Dekai Wu & Hongsing Wong: Machine translation with a stochastic grammatical channel. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 1408-1415. [PDF, 691KB]

(1997) Dekai Wu: Stochastic inversion transduction grammars and bilingual parsing of parallel corpora. Computational Linguistics 23 (3), pp. 378-403 [PDF, 1660KB]

(1995) Dekai Wu: An algorithm for simultaneously bracketing parallel texts by aligning words. 33rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 26-30 June 1995, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; pp.244-251 . [PDF, 772KB]

(1995) Dekai Wu: Trainable coarse bilingual grammars for parallel text bracketing. Third workshop on Very Large Corpora. Proceedings ed. David Yarowsky and Kenneth Church, 30 June 1995, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; pp.69-81. [PDF, 740KB]

Transformational-generative grammar

(1991) Jan Dings: Recipes for escaping from the partial ordering of candidate translations: some consequences for the evaluation of MT systems.  Proceedings of the Evaluators’ Forum, April 21st – 24th, 1991, Les Rasses, Vaud, Switzerland, ed. Kirsten Falkedal. (Geneva: ISSCO); pp. 117-127. [PDF, 174KB]

Transliteration

(1998) Hsin-Hsi Chen, Sheng-Jie Huang, Yung-Wei Ding, & Shih-Chung Tsai: Proper name translation in cross-language information retrieval. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 232-236. [PDF, 423KB]

(1998) Bonnie Glover Stalls & Kevin Knight: Translating names and technical terms in Arabic text. Coling-ACL ’98 Computational Approaches to Semitic Languages: proceedings of the workshop, ed.Michael Rosner, 16th August 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp.34-41. [PDF, 644KB]

(1998) Kevin Knight & Jonathan Graehl: Machine transliteration. Computational Linguistics 24 (4), pp. 599-612 [PDF, 850KB]

(1998) Florence Reeder: Trainer beware: corpora for language/encoding identification. First International Conference on Language Resources & E valuation, Granada, Spain, 28-30 May 1998. Proceedings ed. Antonio Rubio, Natividad Gallardo, Rosa Castro and Antonio Tejada; pp.1247-1250. [PDF, 45KB]

(1998) Stephen Wan & Cornelia Maria Verspoor: Automatic English-Chinese name transliteration for development of multilingual resources. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 1352-1356. [PDF, 487KB]

(1997) Kevin Knight & Jonathan Graehl: Machine transliteration. ACL-EACL-1997: 35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference, 7-12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp. 128-135. [PDF, 595KB]

(1992) Kazuhiro Kimura, Takashi Suzuoka, & Sin-ya Amano: Association-based natural language processing with neural networks. 30th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 28 June – 2 July 1992, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA; pp.224-231. [PDF, 440KB]

Tree Adjoining Grammar (TAG)

(1999) Hemant Darbari: Computer-assisted translation system – an Indian perspective.  Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp.80-85. [PDF, 132KB]

(1998) Tilman Becker, Wolfgang Finkler, Anne Kilger, & Peter Poller: An efficient kernel for multilingual generation in speech-to-speech dialogue translation. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 110-116. [PDF, 664KB]

(1998) Marie-Hélène Candito: Building parallel LTAG for French and Italian. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 211-217. [PDF, 618KB]

(1996) Martha Palmer & Joseph Rosenzweig: Capturing motion verb generalizations in synchronous tree adjoining grammars. Expanding MT horizons: Proceedings of the Second Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, 2-5 October 1996, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Washington, DC: AMTA); pp.76-85 [PDF, 177KB] 

(1996) Koichi Takeda: Pattern-based context-free grammars for machine translation. 34th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 24-27 June 1996, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, USA; pp. 144-176. [PDF, 769KB]

(1995) Hyun S.Park: Mapping scrambled Korean sentences into English using synchronous TAGs. 33rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 26-30 June 1995, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; pp.317-319 . [PDF, 267KB]

(1994) D. Egedi, M. Palmer, H.S. Park, & A. Joshi: Korean to English translation using synchronous TAGs. Technology partnerships for crossing the language barrier: Proceedings of the First Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas,5-8 October, Columbia, Maryland, USA. [Washington, DC: AMTA]; pp. 48-55 [PDF, 153KB]

(1990) Anne Abeillé, Yves Schabes, & Aravind K. Joshi: Using lexical tags for machine translation. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th Inter national Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 1-6. [PDF, 560KB]

Unification grammar

(1998) Munpyo Hong: Multiple-subject constructions in the multilingual MT-system CAT2. Machine translation and the information soup: third conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, AMTA '98, Langhorne, PA,USA, October 1998; ed. David Farwell, Laurie Gerber, Eduard Hovy (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1998); pp.174-186. [go to publisher details]

 (1997) J.Gabriel Amores & José F.Quesada: Machine translation with Episteme: linguistic knowledge representation, computational efficiency and formal properties. In: Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: selected papers from RANLP ’97, ed. Nicolas Nikolov, John Benjamins Publ.Co.: Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 2000; pp.315-326. [PDF, 276KB]

(1997) Jan W.Amtrup: Layered charts for speech translation. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.192-199. [PDF, 185KB]

(1997) Arturo Trujillo: Determining internal and external indices for chart generation. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.143-150. [PDF, 370KB]

(1996) Bernd Abb, Bianka Buschbeck-Wolf, & Christel Tschernitschek: Abstraction and underspecification in semantic transfer Expanding MT horizons: Proceedings of the Second Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, 2-5 October 1996, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Washington, DC: AMTA); pp.56-65 [PDF, 186KB]

(1995) Ruslan Mitkov: CAT2: a unification-based machine translation system. In: Machine Translation Review, issue 1: April 1995; pp.18-19.

(1994) Jan W.Amtrup: Perspectives for incremental MT with charts. In: Christa Hauenschild & Susanne Heizmann (eds.) Machine translation and translation theory. [EAMT workshop, Hildesheim University, September 1994]. (Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 19970; pp.211-222.

 (1994) Miriam Butt: Machine translation and complex predicates. KONVENS’94: Verarbeitung natürlicher Sprache, Wien, 28.-30.September 1994, hrsg. Harald Trost (Wien: Österreichische Gesellschaft für Artificial Intelligence, 1994); pp.62-71. [PDF, 271KB]

(1994) R.Johnson & M.Rosner: UD, yet another unification device. In: Current issues in computational linguistics: in honour of Don Walker, ed. Antonio Zampolli, Nicoletta Calzolari, Martha Palmer (Linguistica Computazionale, vol. 9-10); Pisa: Giradini Editori; Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Press, [1994]; pp.525-534. [PDF, 132KB]

(1994) Gábor Prószéky: Industrial applications of unification morphology.  Fourth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 13-15 October 1994, Stuttgart, Germany;  pp.213-214. [PDF, 169KB]

(1994)  Jörg Schütz: Terminological knowledge in multilingual language processing. International conference “Machine translation: ten years on” Proceedings ... held at Cranfield University, England, 12-14 November 1994 (Cranfield University Press, 1998) [PDF, 700KB]

(1994) Koichi Takeda: Tricolor DAGs for machine translation. 32nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 27-30 June 1994, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA; pp.226-233. [PDF, 704KB]

(1992) John L. Beaven: Shake-and-bake machine translation. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 603-609. [PDF, 441KB]

 (1992) Pierrette Bouillon, Katharina Boesefeldt, & Graham Russell: Compound nouns in a unification-based MT system.  Third conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 31 March – 3 April 1992, Trento, Italy;  pp.209-215. [PDF, 630KB]

(1992) Graham Russell, Afzal Ballim, John Carroll, & Susan Warwick-Armstrong: A practical approach to multiple default inheritance for unification-based lexicons. Computational Linguistics 18 (3), pp. 311-337 [PDF, 1820KB]

(1992)  Louisa Sadler & Doug Arnold: Unification and machine translation. Meta 37 (4), décembre 1992; pp.657-680. [note]

(1992) Antonio Sanfilippo, Ted Briscoe, Ann Copestake, Maria Antonia Martí, Mariona Taulé, & Antonietta Alonge: Translation equivalence and lexicalization in the ACQUILEX LKB Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.1-11. [PDF, 292KB]

(1991) Doug Arnold & Louisa Sadler: Eurotra: an assessment of the current state of the EC’s MT programme. Translating and the Computer 13: The Theory and Practice of Machine Translation – A Marriage of Convenience? Papers presented at a conference… 28-29 November 1991, CBI Conference Centre, London (London: Aslib, 1992); pp.137-151. [PDF, 91KB]

(1991) Pierrette Bouillon & Katharina Boesefeldt: Applying an experimental MT system to a realistic problem.  MT Summit III.  Proceedings, July 1-4, 1991, Washington, DC, USA; pp. 45-49 [PDF, 160KB] [Revised reprint in: Sergei Nirenburg (ed.) Progress in machine translation (Amsterdam, Oxford, Washington, DC: IOS Press; Tokyo: Ohmsha, 1993), pp. 79-86]

(1991) Graham Russell, John Carroll, & Susan Warwick-Armstrong: Multiple default inheritance in a unification-based lexicon.  29th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 18-21 June 1991, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; pp.215-221. [PDF, 564KB]

(1990) Lauri Carlson & Maria Vilkuna: Independent transfer using graph unification. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 60-63. [PDF, 366KB]

(1990) Marc Dymetman, Pierre Isabelle, & François Perrault: A symmetrical approach to parsing and generation. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 90-96. [PDF, 671KB]

(1990) Dominique Estival: Generating French with a reversible unification grammar. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.2, pp. 106-111. [PDF, 617KB]

(1990) Dominique Estival, Afzal Ballim, Graham Russell, & Susan Warwick: A syntax and semantics for feature-structure transfer. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.131-143 [PDF, 183KB]

(1990) Dominique Estival [presenter]: ELU: an environment for machine translation. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 385-387. [PDF, 291KB]

(1990) Robert T. Kasper & Eduard H. Hovy: Performing integrated syntactic and semantic parsing using classification.  Speech and Natural Language: proceedings of a workshop held at Hidden Valley, Pennsylvania, USA, June 24-27, 1990. (San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 1990); pp. 54-59. [PDF, 1085KB]

(1990) Vito Pirrelli: Two level morphology in a unification based formalism. Proceedings of a Workshop on Machine Translation, 2-3 July 1990, UMIST, Manchester, ed.J.McNaught; 9pp. [PDF, 147KB]

(1990) Graham Russell, Susan Warwick, & John Carroll: Asymmetry in parsing and generating with unification grammars: case studies from ELU.  28th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 6-9 June 1990, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA; pp.205-211. [PDF, 383KB]

(1990) Erich Steiner: Aspects of a functional grammar for machine translation. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.159-169. [PDF, 145KB]

(1990) Yoshihiro Ueda & Kiyoshi Kogure: Generation for dialogue translation using typed feature structure unification. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.1, pp. 64-66. [PDF, 270KB]

(1990) Gertjan van Noord: Reversible unification based machine translation. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.2, pp. 299-304. [PDF, 571KB]

(1990) Gertjan van Noord, Joke Dorrepaal, Pim van der Eijk, Maria Florenza,& Louis des Tombe: The MiMo2 research system. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.213-233. [PDF, 245KB]

(1990) Rémi Zajac: A relational approach to translation. Third international conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Language, 11-13 June 1990, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas; pp.235-254. [PDF, 226KB]

Unknown words

(1999) Brigitte Orliac & Kutz Arrieta: TermBuilder: a lexical knowledge acquisition tool for the Logos machine translation system . Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 593-597. [PDF, 137KB]

(1998) Pascale Fung & Lo Yuen Yee: An IR approach for translating new words from nonparallel, comparable texts. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 414-420. [PDF, 599KB]

(1998) Shinsuke Mori & Makoto Nagao: A stochastic language model using dependency and its improvement by word clustering. Coling-ACL ’98: 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, August 10-14, 1998, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; pp. 898-904. [PDF, 538KB]

(1998) Flo Reeder & Dan Loehr: Finding the right words: an analysis of not-translated words in machine translation. Machine translation and the information soup: third conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, AMTA '98, Langhorne, PA,USA, October 1998; ed. David Farwell, Laurie Gerber, Eduard Hovy (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1998); pp.356-363. [go to publisher details]

(1996) Shinsuke Mori & Makato Nagao: Word extraction from corpora and its part-of-speech estimation using distributional analysis. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 1119-1122. [PDF, 355KB]

(1990) Alla Bémová & Vladislav Kuboň: Czech-to-Russian transducing dictionary. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 314-316. [PDF, 261KB]

Verbs and verb phrases

(1999) Timothy Baldwin & Hozumi Tanaka: Argument status in Japanese verb sense disambiguation.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 196-206 [PDF, 239KB]

(1999) Hiromi Nakaiwa & Kayo Seki: Automatic addition of verbal semantic attributes to a Japanese-to-English valency transfer dictionary.  Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI 99), August 23-25, 1999, University College, Chester, England; pp. 185-195 [PDF, 231KB]

(1998) Yukiko Sasaki Alam: Machine translation among languages with transitivity divergences using the causal relation in the interlingual lexicon. Machine translation and the information soup: third conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, AMTA '98, Langhorne, PA,USA, October 1998; ed. David Farwell, Laurie Gerber, Eduard Hovy (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1998); pp.461-471. [go to publisher details]

(1997) Bonnie J. Dorr: Large-scale acquisition of LCS-based lexicons for foreign language tutoring. Fifth conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 31 March – 3 April 1997, Washington Marriott Hotel, Washington, DC, USA;  pp.139-146. [PDF, 776KB]

(1997) Bonnie J.Dorr & Mari Broman Olsen: Deriving verbal and compositional lexical aspect for NLP applications. ACL-EACL-1997: 35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the Conference, 7-12 July 1997, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain; pp. 151-158. [PDF, 689KB]

(1997) Kazunori Muraki, Shin’ichiro Kamei, & Shinichi Doi: A left-to-right breadth-first algorithm for subcategorization frame selection of Japanese verbs. TMI-97: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 23-25, 1997, St.John’s College, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA; pp.168-175. [PDF, 160KB]

(1997) Mari Broman Olsen, Bonnie J. Dorr, & David J. Clark: Using WordNet to posit hierarchical structure in Levin’s verb classes.  Proceedings of the AMTA/SIG-IL First Workshop on Interlinguas, October 28, 1997, San Diego, CA, USA; pp. 99-110. [PDF, 193KB]

 (1997) Davide Turcato, Olivier Laurens, Paul McFetridge & Fred Popowich: Inflectional information in transfer for lexicalist machine translation. In: Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: selected papers from RANLP ’97, ed. Nicolas Nikolov, John Benjamins Publ.Co.: Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 2000; pp.303-314. [PDF, 287KB]

(1996) Naoyuki Nomura & Kazunori Muraki: An empirical architecture for verb subcategorization frame: a lexicon for a real-world scale Japanese-English interlingual MT. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 640-645. [PDF, 573KB]

(1996) Martha Palmer & Joseph Rosenzweig: Capturing motion verb generalizations in synchronous tree adjoining grammars. Expanding MT horizons: Proceedings of the Second Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, 2-5 October 1996, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Washington, DC: AMTA); pp.76-85 [PDF, 177KB] 

 (1996) Martha Palmer: Moving towards applications by augmenting verb classes with information structure. In: David Farwell (ed.) PREceedings of the Pre-Workshop on interlinguas and interlingual approaches to machine translation, 1 October 1996, Montreal, [AMTA]; pp.51-52 [PDF, 17KB]

(1996) Takehito Utsuro: Sense classification of verbal polysemy based on bilingual class / class association. Coling 1996: the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1996, Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen; pp. 968-973. [PDF, 599KB]

(1995) Yasuhiro Akiba, Megumi Ishii, Hussein Almuallim, & Shigeo Kaneda: Learning English verb selection rules from hand-made rules and translation examples. TMI-95: proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, July 5-7, 1995, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; pp.206-220. [PDF, 537KB]

(1994) Hiromi Nakaiwa, Akio Yokoo, & Satoru Ikehara: A system of verbal semantic attributes focused on the syntactic correspondence between Japanese and English. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 672-678. [PDF, 538KB]

(1994) Bengt Sigurd & Barbara Gawrónska: Modals as a problem for MT. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 120-124. [PDF, 362KB]

(1994) Hideki Tanaka: Verbal case frame acquisition from a bilingual corpus: gradual knowledge acquisition. Coling 1994: the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Proceedings, August 5-9, 1994, Kyoto, Japan; pp. 727-731. [PDF, 391KB]

(1994) Klaus Schubert: Sietec’s Metal (also) does Russian. Language Industry Monitor, issue no.21, May-June 1994; pp.10-11. [PDF, 96KB]

(1993) Chinatsu Aone & Douglas McKee: Acquiring predicate-argument mapping information from multilingual texts. [ACL 1993] Acquisition of Lexical Knowledge from Text: proceedings of a workshop, ed. Branimir Boguraev and James Pustejovsky, 21 June 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; pp.107-117. [PDF, 532KB]

(1993) Ronald M.Kaplan & Jürgen Wedekind: Restriction and correspondence-based translation. Sixth conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 21-23 April 1993, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; pp. 193-202. [PDF, 751KB]

(1993) Beth Levin: Tracking verbs across languages. In:  Building lexicons for machine translation: papers from the 1993 AAAI Spring Symposium, March 23-25, Stanford, California. (Technical report SS-93-02; Menlo Park, California: AAAI Press, 1993); pp.22-23.

(1993) Kwangseob Shim & Yung Taek Kim: Towards a machine translation system with self-critiquing capability. TMI-93: The Fifth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation, Kyoto, Japan, July 14-16, 1993: Proceedings; pp. 276-291. [PDF, 560KB]

(1993) Angelika Storrer & Ulrike Schwall: Description and acquisition of multiword lexemes. In: Machine translation and the lexicon: Third international EAMT workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28 1993, Proceedings (Berlin: Springer, 1995); pp.35-50. [abstract]

(1992) Geert Adriaens & Gert de Braekeleer: Converting large on-line valency dictionaries for NLP applications: from PROTON descriptions to METAL frames. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 1182-1186. [PDF, 443KB]

(1992) Bonnie J. Dorr: A parameterized approach to integrating aspect with lexical-semantics for machine translation. 30th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 28 June – 2 July 1992, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA; pp.257-264. [PDF, 916KB]

(1992) Masahiko Ishikawa & Ryoichi Sugimura: Natural language analysis using a network model - Modification Deciding Network Fourth International Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation (TMI-92), Empiricist vs. rationalist methods in MT, June 25-27, 1992, Montreal, CCRIT-CWARC; pp.55-66. [PDF, 232KB]

(1992) Hiromi Nakaiwa & Satoru Ikehara: Zero pronoun resolution in a Japanese to English machine translation system using verbal semantic attributes.  Third conference on Applied Natural Language Processing [of] Association for Computational Linguistics. Proceedings of the conference, 31 March – 3 April 1992, Trento, Italy;  pp.201-208. [PDF, 802KB]

(1992) Hideki Tanaka, Teruaki Aizawa, Yeun-Bae Kim, & Nobuko Hatada: A method of translating English delexical structures into Japanese. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 567-573. [PDF, 471KB]

(1992) Takehito Utsuro, Yuji Matsumoto, & Makoto Nagao: Lexical knowledge acquisition from bilingual corpora. Coling-92: Proceedings of the Fifteenth [i.e. Fourteenth] International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, 23-28/8/1992; pp. 581-587. [PDF, 481KB]

(1991) Bonnie J.Dorr: A two-level knowledge representation for machine translation: lexical semantics and tense/aspect. [ACL 1991] Lexical Semantics and Knowledge Representation: proceedings of a workshop, ed. James Pustejovsky and Sabine Bergler, 17 June 1991, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; pp.250-263. [PDF, 912KB]

(1991) Naomi Inoue: Automatic noun classification by using Japanese-English word pairs.  29th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 18-21 June 1991, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; pp.201-208. [PDF, 469KB]

(1990) B.Buschbeck, R.Henschel, I.Höser, G.Klimonow, A.Küstner, & I.Starke: VIRTEX – a German-Russian translation experiment. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 321-323. [PDF, 178KB]

(1990) Judith Klavans & Evelyne Tzoukermann: The BICORD system: combining lexical information from bilingual corpora and machine readable dictionaries. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 174-179. [PDF, 569KB]

(1990) Morris Salkoff: Automatic translation of support verb constructions. Coling-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Helsinki, 20-25 August 1990; ed. Hans Karlgren; vol.3, pp. 243-246. [PDF, 328KB]

Written forms

(1999) Jack Halpern & Jouni Kerman: The pitfalls and complexities of Chinese to Chinese conversion. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 458-466. [PDF, 541KB]

(1999) June-Jei Kuo: An automated mandarin document revision system using both phonetic and radical approaches. Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 449-457. [PDF, 580KB]

(1999) Toru Nishigaki: What can MT do for multilingualism on the Net? Machine Translation Summit VII, 13th-17th September 1999, Kent Ridge Digital Labs, Singapore. Proceedings of MT Summit VII “MT in the Great Translation Era”; pp. 15-20. [PDF, 147KB]

(1994) David Yarowsky: Decision lists for lexical ambiguity resolution: application to accent restoration in Spanish and French. 32nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 27-30 June 1994, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA; pp.88-95. [PDF, 940KB]

(1993) Kenneth Ward Church: Char_align: a program for aligning parallel texts at the character level. 31st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Proceedings of the conference, 22-26 June 1993, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; pp. 1-8. [PDF, 625KB]